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A constant thread throughout my blogs so far has been an assertion that alcoholism and addiction are primarily emotional regulation and processing disorders.
So I was thus  very interested to find this article (1) which describes how I am not the first to view alcoholism and addiction this way. Here I use this article to present a  brief history of research, dating back to the 1930s, that has viewed alcoholism and addiction in a similar way to I do now in 2014. Others subsequently interpret the phenomena as a maladaptive way of ?ghting against stress, anxiety, and depression (4-6). Later, McDougall (1984) also highlighted the importance of over?owing emotions in the case of people with addictive disorders (8). He asserts that drug use in fact emerges as the common result of psychopharmacological functioning and overwhelmingly painful emotions.
Apparently, clinical observations highlight mainly those dimensions in the background of psychoactive substance use—primarily the presence of undifferentiated, over?owing, dominantly negative and painful feelings, and dif?culties in emotional expression and emotional regulation—which appear to be basic components of the later Emotional Intelligence (EI)  construct (13).
The most important empirical ?ndings regarding our topic may be those studies, which attempted to explore the relationship between addictions and alexithymia.
The concept of alexithymia (14) was created by Ruesch (1948) but the de?nition of Nemiah and Sifneos is more widely known (15,16). The relationship between alexithymia and emotional consciousness or emotional intelligence was con?rmed by several studies (18-20). These results are hardly surprising, given that the ability to identify and express emotions is an important component of EI. One study looking at a meta analysis of research into emotional aspects of addiction (1) found – 12 of these studies solely measured the ability to identify emotions – Oscar-Berman and colleagues (1990) were the ?rst to draw attention to the fact that alcohol addicts, especially those suffering from Korsakoff‘s syndrome, have dif?culties in identifying and decoding emotions mediated by facial expressions (25). Underlying the inaccuracy of decoding is the overestimation of intensity of emotions, especially negative ones, characteristic of alcohol patients (26-29). At the same time, however, this distortion in the subjective ratings is not only characteristic of alcohol addiction, but is present in the case of opiate-addicted people as well (34,35).


The inability to identify and describe affective and physiological experiences is itself associated with the elevated negative affect (39) commonly seen in alcoholics, even in recovery (40).
Thus, the unpleasant “undifferentiated emotional” experience of early theories might prompt individuals to engage in maladaptive behaviors, such as excessive alcohol consumption, in an effort to regulate emotions, or, more specifically, cope with negative emotional states (41). The statistics and facts on drug addiction and substance abuse are staggering, but many people still ignore the dangers.
We believe that everyone deserves the chance to get off of drugs and alcohol, and live a healthy, sober life. These studies pointed out that a low level of EI correlates with a high level of alexithymia. They also tend to associate negative emotions more often with each of the presented facial expressions (30).
A further important outcome of these investigations showed that alcohol-addicted patients, in spite of their weaker capacity, rate these emotion-decoding tasks at the same dif?culty level as do people from the control groups. These studies also highlighted that alcoholism is associated with poorer emotion-decoding  abilities than compulsive use of opiates.
Finn, Martin and Phil (1987) investigated the presence of alexithymia among males at varying levels of genetic risk for alcoholism. This latter study also highlighted the link between alexithymia and the emotional dysregulation inherent in addictive disorders. This will be especially the case in relation alexithymia, addictive and theories of attachment.
By investigating the root causes of drug addiction it’s possible to find appropriate treatment solutions to help addicts lead a drug-free life in the future. Our goal is to inform you about drug and alcohol addiction and find you the fastest way to a full recovery.
Furthermore, Kornreich and colleagues have pointed out that the ability to identify emotions is tightly and negatively associated with interpersonal problems, and these problems seem to be a mediating factor between emotional identi?cation de?cits and alcoholism (31).


It therefore seems as though they are not aware of their dif?culties in identifying emotions. They found that the high risk for alcoholism group was more likely to be alexithymic than the moderate and low genetic risk groups (38). The most addiction substances are crack cocaine, heroin, alcohol, methamphetamine, cocaine, amphetamines and prescription opiates.
Their substance use can thus be recognized as an attempt at “self-treatment.” The self-medication hypothesis of Khantzian (1985) also highlights emotion regulation in the background of addictions (10). All of these ?ndings may relate to results stating that people with alcohol addiction tend to interpret facial expressions, like sadness or disgust, falsely as emotions describing interpersonal con?icts, like anger or contempt (32).
Clinical observations on some patients suffering from a variety of psychosomatic diseases. Teenagers and young adults are more likely to abuse prescription painkillers than older adults. The emotional factors that cause addiction are general anxiety, abuse, stress, mental illness, loneliness, feelings of anger, traumatic experiences, and general sadness or depression. The environmental factors that cause addiction are family beliefs that drugs are not harmful, peer pressure, ready availability in local area, community pressure, and a lack of substance abuse education in the area. Accidental factors that cause addiction are major injuries that cause severe pain and hospitalization, chronic pain from a health condition, chronic pain with no obvious condition, major surgery that will continue causing pain until the body recovers, and treating a health condition whether it is mental or physical health.



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