10.03.2015
It sounds like a scene out of a dystopian sci-fi movie but in fact, humans on average spend around 26 years of our life in this state (and most people would prefer more of it).
Rapid Eye Movement (REM) Sleep is characterized, as the name suggests, by rapid eye activity, increased breathing and brain activity. Throughout the night, we experience cycles of NREM and REM and if you are a bit of a sleep enthusiast like me, there is a free app for tracking the types of sleep you are experiencing each night. Every person is different, but in general it is during light sleep when our body can wake us up to go to the loo. During deeper sleep the body releases hormones to suppress the need to pee but factors such as health, diet and age can alter these hormones. Depending on how awake you are during these interruptions effects how quickly you can get back to REM sleep and dreaming. The brain wave (amplitudes and frequencies) present at a particular time decide the stage of sleep. The waveform during REM has low amplitudes, high frequencies that are just like a waking state. Throughout the evening, levels of the chemical melatonin increase as the body prepares for sleep. This occurs when signals tell the brain to begin drifting out of REM sleep and back into the real world. Most important sleep stage (5th stage) occurs with clear dreams, called as the Rapid Eye Moment (REM) stage.


Early researchers called it "paradoxical sleep.” REM stage has increased heart rate, raised blood pressure, erection in males, and the body does not regulate its temperature. These then progress into slower, deeper delta waves, in this stage we still have the ability to move around in order to thermo-regulate (e.g.
You will also begin to wake up if your homeostatic need for sleep has been sufficiently reduced.
When we get awoken from any type of sleep we must go through the lighter sleep stages before once again slipping into deep sleep. Most of the vivid dreams occur during REM sleep, once awaken at this stage a person can remember the dreams.
There are two basic forms of sleep: rapid eye movement (REM) sleep and non-rapid eye movement (NREM) sleep.
The “blue light” from screens tricks our brains into thinking it is still day time hindering the release of melatonin, ergo thwarting our bodies’ preparation for sleep. This sleep stage is when our body lowers in temperature, our breathing slows and when phenomenon such as sleepwalking is most likely to occur. Adults spend nearly half of their sleep time in stage 2, about 20% in REM and other 30% has shared between the other three stages.
There is actually an app available that counteracts the “blue light” on your smartphone, but it is usually recommended to stay away from screens two or more (if you can manage) hours before going to bed.
For an avid nap-taker like myself it seems shocking but the world record for staying awake is believed to be around 11 days!


Start first from stage1 sleep for few minutes; continue to stage2 sleep, stage3 sleep, stage4 sleep. Elderly people have fewer than 15% of their sleep time in REM sleep, balance NREM sleep.Sleep CycleOne sleep cycle takes about 90 to 100 minutes, thus for an average sleep time of eight hours, there will be a four to five complete sleep cycles.
The sleep cycle begins with four-stages of sleep called by Slow Wave Sleep (SWS) or non-rapid eye movement (NREM or Non-REM) sleep.
After completing the first fourth stages, instead of continue to fifth REM sleep the four stages quickly reversed and then followed by REM sleep. The REM sleep will occur roughly after 90 minutes of falling asleep, and it will last only for about 10 minutes, giving the starting sleep cycle being around 100 minutes. The duration of sleep stages three and four (also called delta or deep sleep) slowly wanes. On the other hand, the duration of sleep stage five (REM sleep) increases, up to about one hour in length after certain sleep cycles.




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