Sleep apnea is a life threatening sleep disorder wherein the breathing or airflow becomes very shallow or is briefly interrupted during sleep. Chronic deprivation of sleep as a result of sleep apnea causes slow reflexes, daytime sleepiness, low levels of concentration and highly prone to accidents. Obstructive sleep apnea (OSA): Obstructive sleep apnea is the most common type of sleep apnea. Central sleep apnea (CSA): Central sleep apnea is a much less common type of sleep apnea that involves the central nervous system. Mixed or complex sleep apnea: This type of sleep apnea includes symptoms of both central sleep apnea and obstructive sleep apnea. Obstructive sleep apnea is caused when the soft muscles in the back of your throat relax excessively. Central sleep apnea, which is much less common, occurs when the brain fails to send signals to the muscles that control breathing.

Such pauses in breathing typically last for several seconds, sometimes minutes which in turn jolt you out of your natural sleep rhythm.
This condition can also cause serious health conditions later on such as stroke, high blood pressure, diabetes, heart disease and weight gain.
It occurs when the soft tissue present at the back of the throat relaxes excessively during sleep and prevents adequate flow of air, thereby causing you to snore loudly.
You may wake up at might complaining of shortness of breath or difficulty trying to get sleep. As a result, you tend to spend less time in deep, restorative sleep that is essential to keep you mentally and physically active the next day. This reduces the oxygen level in the blood which in turn causes the brain to send signals that rouses you from sleep so that you can breathe properly. Such pauses in breathing can repeat itself for about 100 times or more every single night and prevent you from getting a deep, fitful sleep.

Most people with central sleep apnea are more likely to remember awakening than people with obstructive sleep apnea. Although a diagnosis of sleep apnea often can be easily identified based on a person’s medical history, there are various tests that can be conducted to confirm the diagnosis. Snorting, choking or gasping sounds are also very common and is a chief characteristic of obstructive sleep apnea. People with obstructive sleep apnea may not even be aware that their sleep was interrupted.

Medical treatment for chronic insomnia
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