In addition, it can also supports LDAP server, as well as Samba PDC (Primary Domain Controller). Information Center provides detail documentation for planning, administering and using IBM SONAS. The first time you sign in to developerWorks, a profile is created for you, so you need to choose a display name. Keep up with the best and latest technical info to help you tackle your development challenges. Robin Williams gave the opening keynote at the 3rd Innovation in Information Infrastructures (III) Workshop (13th – 16th October 2014) hosted by the  University of Oslo, Department of Informatics. With this collection of papers, infrastructure studies had  “come of age”, Robin suggested.
This is the blurb of the talk we will give to next friday Social Informatics Forum (10th of October).
Beatrice Alex is a Research Fellow at the Institute for Language, Cognition and Computation (ILCC) at the School of Informatics at the University of Edinburgh.
Gian Marco Campagnolo is Lecturer in Science, Technology and Innovation Studies at Edinburgh University. Sampsa is Associate professor in co-design at the Aalto School of, Art, Design and Architecture and a Senior Researcher at the Aalto University School of Economics, Helsinki Finland.
Users invent new products and product categories, but the assumption has been that manufacturers will supplant users if their innovation is of value to many.
Maker spaces and maker activities are rapidly proliferating and evolving phenomena at the interface of lay and professional design offering access to low-cost digital fabrication equipment. Keywords: makers, futuring, lead users, lead-user workshop, participatory design, hands-on future, full scale modeling, extended co-design. The Social Informatics Cluster is a vibrant forum where academics from Informatics, Business Studies, Science Technology and Innovation Studies, and Medicine collaborate to further the interdisciplinary study of the social aspects of computing. The weekly Edinburgh Social Informatics cluster talks resume next week after a long summer break but with a hugely exiting programme featuring local contributors, international visitors (including Kalle Lyytinen, one of the most influential scholars in IS at the moment) as well as old friends. Efrem has been involved in Analyst Relations since the late 1970s, when he represented Honeywell Information Systems’ minicomputer division to the then-nascent industry analyst community.
Jee is currently completing her PhD  at the University of Edinburgh on The co-evolution of an emerging mobile technology and mobile services: A study of the distributed governance of technological innovation through the case of WiBro in South Korea. The materialization of rules in Information Technology (IT) and their impact on practice have been rarely explored. I want to talk about data visualisation as a profession and its position in the data supply chain. What I really wanted to understand at that time was when and to what extent pictures bias numbers.
My research progressed from that into the study of how even the simple figurations – the dot, the line, the list, the two by two matrix make a difference. I worked over the last few years on the idea that even big numbers and complex calculations need to come down to something people can communicate and understand.
However, fascination for more complex visualisations and dynamic datasets never abandoned me.
Contemporary interest in big data, data science and large-scale digital research presents an opportunity for researchers and practitioners alike.
This Postgraduate Certificate is aimed at commissioners, coordinators and users of digital research in business, policy-making and the third sector, including digital marketing and analytical services officers. Confirmed speakers and artists: Bea Alex, Chris Barker, Mina Braun, Jamie Cross, Ewan Klein, Craig Martin, Hadi Mehrpouya, Mitch Miller, Wendy Moncur, Larissa Pschetz, Mark Selby, Duncan Shingleton, Alice Street, Arno Verhoeven.
The majority of the symposium will be made up of keynote presentations and shorter presentations from invited speakers. Dr Giuditta de Prato, of the European Commission DG Joint Research Centre (JRC), Institute for Prospective Technological Studies (IPTS) will present an informal seminar on the IPTS work to identify and analyse leading technology innovation centres to support EC industry policy. This was conducted as part of the European ICT Poles of Excellence (EIPE) project for DG CNECT. She will present the results of the study, and discuss the methodology for creating indicators using multiple data sets. Giuditta De Prato is a permanent staff member at the JRC IPTS working on projects on the economic aspects of the Information Society and on the impacts of Information Society Technologies, mainly focusing on ICT R&D, the software sector, patents and innovation, including projects such as PREDICT . Prior to that Gordon worked in the computer industry and continued to do so until 1995 when his Wavelength Audio Cardinal amplifier received a Class A rating from Stereophile and Product of the Year from The Absolute Sound. The first Wavelength USB DAC to hit the streets was the Cosecant which made its debut at CES in 2004.
So from one perspective a lot has changed since then, from another we’re still talking about a USB DAC. The main advantage of asynchronous-mode USB audio in theory and in some practical implementations is its ability to reduce word-clock jitter as compared to adaptive-mode USB.
The takeaway in simple terms is the asynchronous-mode USB implementation as seen in the Brick v3 can hand off data with very low levels of jitter to your hi-fi (footnote 1).
The second thing of note with the Brick v3 is its ability to play high-resolution audio files with word lengths from 16 to 24-bits and sample rates up to 96kHz (which a USB Prober utility confirmed) thanks to the addition of a Wolfson WM8501 DAC chip.
I used the Brick v3 with the following media players – iTunes, Pure Music, Decibel, Audirvana, Fidelio and Foobar2000.
The Wavelength Brick v3 is fluent in presenting even the most complex music with all its requisite parts and voices intact. If I were to describe the overall sonic character of the Brick v3’s presentation in a word I’d say—nuanced, delicate and oh-so-smooth. The area where the Brick v3’s presentation may trigger a sonic-ideal alert is in the frequency extremes. And no, I’m not talking about “tube sound” which is an audiophile myth that needs to go the way of the dodo along with vinyl critics and their persistent pops and ticks.
Photo Credit and comment Gordon Rankin: “That's the right one, the guitar is a Fano custom made for Andy Partridge of XTC and given to the Verve Pipe whose bank reposed their instruments and sold them on eBay for which I got a great deal. Here, the largest difference I noted was between BitPerfect and Pure Music where I greatly preferred the later—it was simply more refined.
The point, and the point to take away is the Wavelength Brick v3 intelligently incorporates some of our latest technological advances and it is a pleasure to listen to.
Footnote 1: The Wavelength Cosecant v3 USB DAC provided the best jitter performance John Atkinson has measured to date from a DAC fed USB audio data. This article introduces you to the basic IBM SONAS setup and how it can be leveraged in UNIX environment like AIX® for centralized data storage.
IBM SONAS uses Network Time Protocol (NTP), which is a commonly used protocol for clock synchronization. IBM SONAS support for standard access protocols helps its integration in UNIX environment to store AIX and Linux data to ensure optimum cost of ownership. The developerWorks AIX and UNIX zone hosts hundreds of informative articles and introductory, intermediate, and advanced tutorials.
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However more systematic and comparative studies are needed to explicate the Uneven Contours of Information Infrastructure Innovation.
Her research interests are in text mining for documents from different domains as well as multi- and mixed-lingual text processing and its applications. He has been awarded a British Academy and Royal Society’s Newton Fellowship and he joined, in January 2013, the Department of Archaeology and Anthropology at the University of Bristol.
Now Big Data has moved away from the peak of expectation and it is set to become a productive reality. Sampsa’s research and teaching focus on user involvement in innovation and the co-evolution of technologies, practices and organisations.
The current paper examines Russian all terrain vehicles “karakats” to discuss a case of an era of extended user dominated technology and the related dynamics of dispersed peer-innovation. They also come in many varieties and change fast, presenting a difficult target for, for instance, public authorities, who would like to cater for them but operate in much slower planning cycles. Efrem Mallach, one of the founders of Industry Analyst Relations, is Research Director at Kea Company. As a consultant and an industry analyst in the mid-1980s, he saw that vendors with whom he worked, often did not know how to work with people like himself – to their detriment, since consultants and analysts influenced a large fraction of their sales. In 1992 Efrem co-founded Kensington Group, an Analyst Relations consultancy of which he was CEO until his return to academia in 2002. A review of literature not only shows that IT is poorly conceptualized in studies of organizational regulation; especially, the social meaning of materialized rules and the time period of their impact has been ignored. The PGCert comprises a suite of courses that together provide the critical understanding and skills needed to make best use of digital research findings, with a particular focus on social media research, web 2.0 data and their synergies with publicly available ‘open’ administrative datasets. Sometimes its presence can take the form of representations of various facets of our lives, such as statistics or visualisations of figures. However, rather than calling for the creation of a rigid definition of data, this context suggests the need for comparison and discussion. On the second day, attendees will participate in a workshop and later a discussion session about ideas that have emerged over the course of the event. The symposium will include opportunities for attendees to discuss their own work with speakers. This will be followed by thoughts on how this policy research of this type can be carried forward using ‘big data’ techniques. She uses social network analysis, data mining and qualitative methods, bring together national statistics, company data, and technology-based indicators.
It’s certainly worth sticking this stake in the ground—I think it’s safe to say that Gordon Rankin was the first person in Consumer Audio to implement and issue an asynchronous class USB audio device (the Wavelength Crimson DAC in 2008).
It does so by putting the word clock in the DAC and in the DACs control as opposed to leaving it with and within the computer. That’s not to say that all adaptive-mode USB DACs will sound worse than their less jittery cousins. The third thing of note is hidden inside the Brick’s black box - a lone 12AU7A twin triode vacuum tube used in the “Reactor Follower output stage”.
Solid state will pass all kinds of high frequency energy into the music which makes it sound sterile. I've included a picture of the Brick with the Eiffel Tower to give you a sense of scale akin in some respects to Gordon's last sentence above.
Since the Brick v3 offers playback of high-definition files, I’ll assume that this feature is of interest to any potential buyer. Since this is not a review of media player software, I’ll just say that in my experience "Memory Play” is always an improvement, “Hog mode” less so and upsampling versus NOS is a matter of taste. Yet there is never a sense of hyper-detail or over-hyped transient attack, which gives some digital setups their unnatural edginess and emphasis on pace, typically referred to as being bright. This makes sense both in terms of seeing which sonic characteristics travel with the Brick v3 and based on Wavelength’s pedigree and dealer base, there’s a likelihood the Brick will end up in similar setups. In terms of the Brick’s sonic traits, I would say that my impressions remained unchanged—superb timbre-richness, tons of finesse and overall a pleasure to listen to. I remember fully embracing early CD playback and its user-friendly feature that allowed me to walk away while the music was still playing and I didn't even need to be concerned with getting back in time to make it stop. My sense is if you favor an intimate view into your music’s rich and varied voices, the Brick v3 will keep you satisfied.
The other features of IBM SONAS further aids to centrally manage the UNIX data and provide high data access performance to applications and services. We need to understand better the opportunities for, and barriers to generativity and generification – whereby local innovations may be encouraged and come to be widely adopted, incorporated in generic solutions. By applying a combination of techniques including text mining, sequential analysis and ethnography, the project will explore new ways to respond to the question: how workers build careers across organisations? His research empirically focuses on ICT market intermediaries using a combination of qualitative and digital research methods. One example of it starting to get tangible is Scottish Government that in June 2014 published its Data Vision for Scotland. Karakat users have invented, modified, diversified and iterated this technology, as well as continued to self-build and self-maintain it. As part of participatory planning of Helsinki Central Library, we experimented with a form of collaborative futuring with and by makers. Efrem is based in New England, a region where many of the  major analyst houses are headquartered and teaches business courses at a nearby university.
The current pervasive use IT to regulate organizational behaviors warrants an exploratory study to theorize about the ternary relationships between rules, IT, and practices.
Interestingly,  Pryke’s is one of the few papers where fieldworker ventures into the realm of computational architecture groups that are responsible of shaping the way (analyst and ourselves) perceive markets.
Hermann was Edinburgh to work to a new data visualisation project at Wood MacKenzie and I interviewed him. Based on the latest research into the social and economic influences on how digital research is being developed and used, this PGCert is designed both for novices and for more experienced professionals who need to maintain a critical appreciation of the fast moving field of digital research. Data is a part of the contracts that we make with each other, companies that we deal with, and the fallout of the devices that we use.
Before joint the European Commission, in 2009 she was a research assistant, focussing on research activities on local development, evaluation, ICT and open source at the University of Bologna, where she also lectured on macroeconomics and environmental economics. I still do contract work and design motherboards and small computer boards for some companies.
Well just about then Apple really started sticking the guns on what Computer Audio could do and this light a fire under those companies to excel and they did. Wavelength Audio was also among the first Consumer Audio companies to embrace the USB DAC concept, which started in Pro Audio circles c.2001 with products like the Edirol UA30. I say this is a theoretical advantage because all asynchronous USB DACs are not created equal in terms of their practical implementation and their ability to reduce the jitter they pack into the USB Bus. It is to say that in terms of moving along with the tides of technology and the improvements it has to offer, asynchronous-mode USB will most likely turn out to be the evolutionary survivor. To my way of seeing, the Brick is handsome in an understated way and the Wavelength logo has a nice chunky retro-feel.

The next step depends on the software you use to manage and play your music but generally you need to go to Preferences and select the Brick v3 as the output device. While you can manually change the resolution to match the track you’re playing, I don’t view this as a realistic option since you have to close and re-open iTunes each time you change this setting. Since all of these options are user-selectable with the click of a mouse, I encourage experimentation since these kinds of preferences are largely personal and system-dependent. If you’ve experienced a demo that uses nothing but flamenco guitar and it sounds unbelievably present and supernaturally lively I recommend putting off a purchase decision until you can listen to something with more weight and texture than catgut and fingernails. Someone like Mississippi John Hurt—whose presentation is also nuanced, delicate and oh-so-smooth—is given all the attention his subtle twists and turns demand where even a sly smile-inflected line comes across loud and clear.
Nothing sparkles too brightly and bass doesn’t provide the last word in weight, slam or womp!
It’s also worth noting that Gordon listens through a custom pair of Cain & Cain single-driver speakers, which he designed and the late Terry Cain built. The softening at the frequency extremes, which is obviously less of an issue with a single-driver speaker that begins to roll off around 40Hz and 12kHz, was less pronounced yet there was still a sense of that burnished glow and a lessening of contrasts between sparkle and slam. No matter the music played—from full-blown orchestra to a lone voice or better yet a lovely pair like Ella and Louis—the Brick v3 makes music feel intimate.
His research is exemplified by studies of salespeople, global IT vendors, analysts & consultants. These vehicles are wide spread, have half a century of history and hundreds of design variants.
By drawing elements from both lead-user workshops and participatory design we conducted a futuring workshop, which allowed engaging the local maker communities in identifying the issues relevant for public maker space for 2020. Efrem’s role combines consulting to Kea Company clients with developing research methodologies, measurement tools and best practices.
To this end we trace IT uses that embed regulatory episodes (where behaviors are regulated by rules) during the implementation and assimilation of an e-learning system at a French university. This is one of the biggest challenges of data visualization anyway…to have as much as you can an unbiased view, unless is serving the purpose. I also discover that to be effective, a certain (very well defined) number of entities need to be represented.
There we will discuss with students the difference between pie chart, bar chart, heat maps and all the most popular figurations to represent dynamic datasets. Also Gartner seems to have turned to a more dynamic magic quadrant nowadays! Our positions within these relationships change our competences based upon whether we are a professional producer of data or an amateur. The Brick v3 seems to emphasize music’s sweet spot paying extra-attention to the midrange and its wealth of timbral flavors.
This voicing lends the music an ethereal quality and how large this looms for you as a negative (or a positive!) will largely depend on your tastes, system and room. Extensive study of IT experts’ career patterns will provide insights into how the combination of job positions and the type of organization worked for contributed to acquiring the skills and relationships necessary to build analysts reputation as experts in the IT field. If I am working in government analytics office or in digital marketing, how should I adapt my career development to this fast moving field of big data? Manufacturers serve only a small subsection of the market, albeit they have established new markets based on karakat principles. It further engaged the participants into envisioning a smaller prototype maker space and invited them into realizing its activities.
Gordon has been designing and building Single-Ended Tube Amplifiers using NOS (new old stock) tubes since the early 1980s. By using a reactor (very large inductor or BAC "big ass choke") instead of a resistor we accomplished near 1 gain with very good sonics. But getting back to the business at hand, the Brick v3 sounds musically balanced; nothing stands out and apart from the music’s flow, and it certainty allows you to get completely submersed without distraction. In the invitation video recently published on our website, we explain how with more than thirty years of the experience at the forefront of technology & innovation studies, our research group is uniquely positioned to deliver training that answers to those urgent questions. To make sense of the phenomenon, we combine concepts from user innovation research and science & technology studies.
The workshop results and post evaluation indicate that particularly the gained solution information was of high relevance to library planners, as was the possibility to trial and elaborate activities on a rolling basis in the prototype space.
Through regulatory episodes, we identify five meaningful modalities of organizational regulation in IT rich environments. Between 1992 and 2012 he was the 3rd most productive scholar in the IS field when measured by the AIS basket of 8 journals; he is currently among the 5 most cited scholars in the IS field based on his adjusted h-index (67).
The reverberations of Big Data controversies for example, suggest that data is developing to be one of the key political issues of our time: a point of convergence for politics and economics, technology, and statecraft. The Brick v3 outputs a CD-standard 2vrms, and connecting the Brick from your computer to your hi-fi is a breeze—one USB cable, one set of single-ended interconnects and a wall-wart power cord.
What matters more is the quality of the original recording and what matters most is the quality of the original music.
We find that the combinatory effect of previously known dynamics related on users in innovation offers a plausible explanation for the user dominance and dispersed peer innofusion pattern, which we elaborate.
The more general trends in making for 2020 were useful too, but to a lesser extent, and it is likely that just these could have been gained with more traditional futuring means. Our analysis helps also formulate four conjectures about the dynamics of IT based organizational regulation. He is LEO Award recipient (2013), AIS fellow (2004), and the former chairperson of IFIP WG 8.2.
The implications of our findings are relevant for the theories of organizational regulation and the management of compliance. He has published around 300 refereed articles and edited or written nearly 20 books or special issues on the nature of IS discipline, system design, method engineering, computer supported cooperative work, standardization, ubiquitous computing, social networks.
There is this big difference between data visualization and this big thing that is becoming more and more predominant that is infographics. He recently edited a special issue to Organization Science on digital innovation and has recently finished a special issue to MISQ on social communications and symbolic aspects of information systems and a special issue to ISR on the Information Technology and Future of Work.
Data visualization relies of data sets where we have data notes in the hundreds of thousands. Infographics usually deals with small datasets and its purpose is always artistic: I drawing you a picture of a fact. He is involved in research that explores IT induced radical innovation in software development, digitalization of complex design processes, requirements discovery and modeling for large scale systems, and digital infrastructures especially for mobile services. Whilst data visualization is open ended because you are just creating a framework for the data to speak but you are not creating an end product.

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