This type of repeat sign has the two dots placed on the left hand side facing towards the beginning of the music. Then, you go back to the first repeat sign (not the beginning) and play through until you hit the second repeat sign. About Teresa RoseTeresa is a private music teacher & coach passionate about helping others achieve success in music. We set out above some examples of signs, called abbreviations, used to represent repeated notes. In addition to repeated single notes, a similar notation is used to show repeated chordal patterns. Where the pattern to be repeated is a pair of notes a certain interval apart, rather than individual notes as in the earlier example, the strokes are used, in effect, like beams. When individual bars are to be repeated, the composer may use a different type of abbreviation, a single oblique stroke between two dots in the bar or bars following. Whole bar rests can be collected together and the number of consecutive whole bar rest shown by a single rest sign over which the number is written. The most common device for repeating sections is the repeat mark which we show below - a pair of lines, one thick and the other thin, with two, or sometime four dots, which are placed to the left of the thinner line if an 'end repeat' or to the right of the thinner line if a 'begin repeat'. To see how repeat signs work, examine the schematic below:Sometimes the last few bars of a passage to be repeated may be altered when played a second time. Sometimes instructions are given that mean one repeats different sections from different places. It is a 'convention', when playing a minuet followed by a trio section, that the minuet is played again after the end of the trio section but without any sectional repeats. The upper line shows the notation itself and the lower line shows what each sign represents. A presentation on the markings and symbols used in music notation as placed above the staff to direct replaying of a portion of music presented earlier in a composition.Prerequisite ArticlesThis is the second part of the mini-series on the concepts of repeating.
A, the minuet (with repeats, if there are any), B, the trio section (with repeats, if there are any), A the minuet again (without repeats). The symbols we are reviewing are usually found at the end of sections of music or at the end of the overall composition.


The first chart shown in color was taken from part 15a to be used to show the sequence of the flow of the music. Take notice that in the lower of the two charts we have some new symbols and new ideas being presented which are additions to those you already know. Even though they act like the repeats previously discussed, they are in a different class of symbols as they are actually directing the flow of the music in a more profound way.
We have also eliminated the first measure in the second chart.Description – First Ending – For the first ending symbol in the chart above, the ending bracket starts on the measure line just prior to the end repeat symbol. The bracket has a number 1 tucked inside and on the left end of the bracket and the number is laced just to the right of a short vertical line.The beginning and the end of the bracket has a short vertical line placed over a standard measure line. It is very important to make this distinction over the previously presented repeat symbols and their respective explanations as it is a significant difference.Now in Living Color! We did however elect to use rests rather than notes to make it less cluttered and hopefully easier for you to understand.Most of the symbols in this chart have been explained except the new ones. We added an orange arrow and altered the color of the rest in the third measure also to orange. Again, this measure begins with a standard black measure line and it ends with a red end repeat symbol.Viewed under the chart is the first repeat line (the red line) which begins  on any measure somewhere within the composition and it can begin at the very beginning as well although this is rarely seen. The lowest blue line with an arrow shows this movement including the skip over action.To finalize the written instructions, the performer resumes playing at the beginning of the measure directly under the vertical line of the second repeat bracket. This is the measure with the pink rest and the pink arrow is pointing to the location the performer continues playing at. The performer then plays to through to the final ending symbol.I know the written explanation is a bit complicated the first time through, which was the purpose for the chart.
So please take your time and read each line through and follow each set of instructions until you are comfortable with them.
Please follow the note while playing the mp3 clip.mp3 of 1st and 2nd EndingsDid you hear how the measure under the first ending bracket dropped out and the performance resumed under the second ending?
This is the exact purpose of the use of this type of endings versus repeats.1st, 2nd and 3rd EndingsFor those with a lot of time please continue reading about the use of a 1st, 2nd and third ending set-up.
Besides if you’ve gotten this far I owe it to you and congratulations on your drive to pursue knowledge!Stretching the envelope one more step we can add more endings by simply increasing the numbers included under the first ending bracket.


You can have any number of repeats using this concept however two or three are more common than several. Here are the charts in black and white first then in color.All we have changed from the previous chart was to add the number 2 in the first ending bracket, added the number three in the second bracket and abruptly cut-off the bracket for the third ending. If more music was written beyond these two measures there is no need to run the line to the final ending. The last ending repeat is played by skipping over the measure or measures under the first ending bracket.
If you will notice the second ending does not go all the way to the beginning of the chart. It repeats only back to the start repeat symbol (in purple) which is away from the beginning. The tempo has been changed to Prestissimo 200 to hear what this piece would sound like much faster than the previous sound clips demonstrate using Moderato 100.
So, here’s to you!1st-2nd-3rd- Endings ClipA little bit of a change of pace as they say.
Hope you enjoyed the modifications.ReviewIn music notation there are many tools to use which lay directly on the staff or over the staff to direct the performer to repeat all or part of the music.
The placement of the brackets plays a vital role in determining how they function and where the are to be acted upon within the score. We will be reviewing the word symbols used to repeat sections of music within a composition.
These tools assist the composer to create repeatable pieces of music without having to write them out in full multiple times.



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