FreeNAS is an amazing software stack and purpose built for hosting dedicated file storage shares, so it makes for an excellent platform to host a Time Machine compatible network share for use with OS X. I wanted to build a server that would provide a reliable backup location with data redundancy for multiple Macs, with the ability to scale the storage space to meet future needs. To clarify this was my first time using FreeNAS, I had no prior experience with the platform before writing this guide, so anyone should be able to recreate my setup with no prior knowledge of FreeNAS. FreeNAS 9.3 is the current release at time of writing and is what this guide is based on, although future versions should also work fine. The first step is to create a system group for the Time-Machine share in preparation for adding users.
Now it’s time to create the ZFS dataset which will be used to store the Time Machine backups. In the section option we are specifying a quota for the dataset, effectively settings the size of available disk space for our Time Machine backups. Now it’s time to create a separate user to represent each computer that will use the FreeNAS server for Time Machine backups. The last step on the FreeNAS server is to create the AFP Share that will broadcast the storage on the local network. Finally the last step is to configure Time Machine itself to backup to the newly created share.
After installation and configuration of FreeNAS server, following things needs to be done under FreeNAS Web UI. For using FreeNAS, we have to configure with proper setting after the installation completes, In Part 1 we have seen how to install FreeNAS, Now we have to define the settings that we going to use in our environment.
Click on Modify User tab to enter the email address and password of the user and click OK to save the changes.
Enter the the username and password for authentication and save the changes by clicking on Save. To create a Data-set choose the volume tecmint_pool at the bottom and choose Create ZFS data-set. But, before checking FreeNAS NFS shares, your client machine must have NFS package installed on the system.
After clicking on upload config system will reboot automatically and our settings will be save. I'm Working as a System Administrator for last 10 year's with 4 years experience with Linux Distributions, fall in love with text based operating systems. But how to accesses this sharing folder in Windows based PC can it will be access-able only through IP address.
To read more about the differences and system requirements for each layouts above, please visit this official manual page. SubscribeEnter your email address below to receive updates each time we publish new content. I've loaded a new 2TB SATA disk plus a spare 250G disk into the server, and set about creating a mirrored volume.


However, the ZFS Volume Manager doesn't permit the disk count slider to go past 1, and thus only offers Stripe (plus Log, Cache and Spare) - I was hoping it would let me create a mirror of 250G (the full part of the smaller drive, and a small part of the large one). So now my raw disk mappings are ready and all I have to do is to add the three drives (HD) from vsphere to FreeNAS. After I created a volume in FreeNAS I removed the hard drive and installed it in a ubuntu 12.04 server which had the zfs installed. This entry was posted in Techy and tagged esx, esxi, freenas, mapped raw lun, raw device mapping, ubuntu, vmkfstools by mogsub. These posts can take a really long time, so it makes it worthwhile to know it helps others too, opposed to just being a reference for myself.
Performance Test: runs a series of performance tests and prompts to save the results as a tarball. Controller, all of the domain controller state is stored there as well, including domain controller users and groups.
The system dataset can optionally be configured to also store the system log and the Reporting information.
Do not use chmod to attempt to fix the permissions on a CIFS share as it destroys the Windows ACLs.
Something which the current line of Apple TimeCapsules don’t offer, not to mention they are expensive for what they offer.
My post is an updated version of an existing article I found, but is also a result of my own trial and errors. You must have a ZFS volume already created for this step, if you haven’t got one then you should go read through the ZFS primer in the FreeNAS docs. If you select to use the disk for Time Machine you will be prompted to enter the username and password for the FreeNAS user we created previously. Login to the FreeNAS Web UI, once you login you will see Settings and System information TAB.
Now we need to enabled Console message in the footer, to do this go to Advanced option and choose Show console messages in the footer and save the settings by clicking on Save.
To add a RAIDz2 with double parity, you can choose the Raidz2 (same as RAID 6 with double parity) from the drop menu. Mirror means cloning the same copy of each drive with better performance and data guarantee.
Next, we need to define permissions on tecmint_docs share, this can be done by using Change Permission option.
Select Permission recursively to get the same permission for every files and folders which created under the share. Once ZFS datasets are created for Unix share, now it’s time to create a data-set for windows. At bottom choose the Browse and choose the directory tecmint_docs which we have define for the data-set before and then click on OK.
After clicking on OK a confirmation message will prompt and ask Would you like to enable this service will be shown.


Once NFS share is mounted, go inside that directory and try to create a file under this share to confirm that the root user having permissions to this share.
Now go back to the FreeNAS web UI and choose Settings under system TAB to save the changes.
Next, click on Upload config to choose the downloaded db file and choose the file and click upload. FreeNAS support a large file-system using ZFS with data-set which included compression, Quota, permission features.
FreeNAS supports the following layouts which can be defined or configured through Volume Manager.
True, one wouldn't use non-matching sizes in real life, but it's just a test, and to familiarise myself with the web UI. You have to keep in mind that a lot of memory is needed for the zfs volumes – 8GB is the minimum. I also maxed out the 16GB Kingston ECC RAM to help cope with the ZFS filesystems (the minimum recommended is 8GB).
That’s the last step, Time Machine should begin backing up shortly after adding the disk. My Storage is setup using ZFS in striped mirrored mode, meaning I get the best of both for speed and disk redundancy. Then choose Users, here you will see the root user, selecting root user you will get the modify option in left side bottom corner below the users list.
Data-sets are just like folder with compression level, Share type, Quota and much more features.
Let’s see how to use the FreeNAS as a Streaming server and torrent server in future articles.
I'll be doing a reinstall with the latest version, which I expect has moved on since I last tried this! My esxi has 16GB RAM and I planning to assign the 12 GB to FreeNAS and the rest to the ubuntu server. I recommend that the first backup be completed over Ethernet instead of wireless as the initial backup can take considerable time.
Adding the Volume will take little time according to our drive size and system performance. Or, if you install FreeNAS on a virtual machine, make sure you add 2 more hard disks to the system.
If any one of the disk fails spare drive will automatically rebuild from the parity information’s.



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