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SynopsisFreeNAS is free software that turns a PC into a Network Attached Storage (NAS) server.
Will usually ship within 1 business day of receiving cleared payment - opens in a new window or tab. Returns must be postmarked within 4 business days of authorisation and must be in resellable condition. Accepted returns are refunded by the method in which you paid less a restocking fee of 10%. For purchases where a shipping charge was paid, there will be no refund of the original shipping charge. FreeNAS is an amazing software stack and purpose built for hosting dedicated file storage shares, so it makes for an excellent platform to host a Time Machine compatible network share for use with OS X. I wanted to build a server that would provide a reliable backup location with data redundancy for multiple Macs, with the ability to scale the storage space to meet future needs. To clarify this was my first time using FreeNAS, I had no prior experience with the platform before writing this guide, so anyone should be able to recreate my setup with no prior knowledge of FreeNAS.
FreeNAS 9.3 is the current release at time of writing and is what this guide is based on, although future versions should also work fine.
The first step is to create a system group for the Time-Machine share in preparation for adding users. Now it’s time to create the ZFS dataset which will be used to store the Time Machine backups. In the section option we are specifying a quota for the dataset, effectively settings the size of available disk space for our Time Machine backups. Now it’s time to create a separate user to represent each computer that will use the FreeNAS server for Time Machine backups.
The last step on the FreeNAS server is to create the AFP Share that will broadcast the storage on the local network. Finally the last step is to configure Time Machine itself to backup to the newly created share.
A NAS (Network Attache Storage) Unit is a device connected to a network, whose function is to store and share files. Nas Units can be purchased in the market by values from about 100,00 Euros (without Disks) as exemplified in Article availabe here, or can be built using computer hardware and an specific operating system (witch may or may not be free).
The graphics card will only be used to check the installation of the OS, it is not necessary to run the system, because the management is done on console, which is accessed through a computer connected to the network. Note - If you will use a RAID system, do not worry whether or not to allow the Motherboard.
Obviously you will need to connect the computer Hardware to the Network , connecting one end of the network cable to the Network Board and the other to the Router. When you open the download page you must select at the bottom, which will make installation type and then select the file to 32 or 64 bits. When you perform the actions listed above, FreeNAS will create three partitions on the USB device, two of which are about 930 MB each other and about 20 MB. If you want to reformat the USB device in Windows OS, the USB key will get just 942.51 MB available, the rest unable to be formatted (even if you try to eliminate the remaining partitions).
Install the OS on a hard drive - To install the OS, you need to burn the CD image mentioned above. Run the OS via a USB Flash Drive - It is the solution that we use because we do not have a third disk. To install the operating system will need to create a boot CD as described in paragraph 2.1 above. The next dialog box warns that all partitions are deleted from all records and can not share data on the disk where you will install the operating system. Therefore, let the NAS unit attached as pictured above, and go to step 3.3 to continue the process. But if you have a disk with 200 GB will not make sense to use it to install about 2 GB Operating System with the remainder unusable because it can not access it to write data.
The ideal is to have a USB stick with 4GB and install the OS on it, as described in section 2.2 - Create a Boot Pen Disk Drive to Start OS. After that work is complete, connect the pen to a USB port on the motherboard, go to the BIOS and set the USB stick as a boot device.
After the system has loaded the operating system, a dialog that has already been shown in the previous section.
It is of paramount importance to assign a fixed IP to the NAS unit, otherwise the system will not function properly. MAC Address (Media Access Control Address) - The MAC Address is a physical address that is associated with a particular network device. IP Address (Internet Protocol Address) - The IP Address is a logical address wich is assigned to a particular MAC Address when it binds to a specific Network. We could thus conclude that to assign a fixed IP address to the NAS unit, we need to know the MAC address of the Network Card Motherboard, Onboard is said board or not. The easiest way to get the MAC address is to enter the administration console of the router. Let's get back to the crux of the issue is the allocation of a fixed address to the NAS unit, ie actually assign a fixed IP address to the network card of the Motherboard. Between the management console Router and browse to the location where Lan Setup, or Local Network, or DHCP, for example, and follow the steps in the following figure. After you finish that configuration, shut down the NAS unit - enter 11 followes by the Enter Key and Y followes by the Enter Key. To access the Operating System Console, you must have a keyboard and monitor connected to the NAS Unit. 8 - If you have already configured the NAS unit, you can revert the settings to the initial state.
Access to this console is required only in extraordinary cases, for example if you can not get into the Management Console Unit NAS, requiring Restart or Reset if you want the initial settings. The NAS Unit Administration Console is accessible through a computer connected to the network (the same network where the NAS is connected).


As you have already completed, the Nas Unit is a Computer with a dedicated and specific operating system .
After FreeNAS be properly installed (either on a disk, either a USB key), all configuration operations that are necessary to make will be carried through in Browser Console, which can be accessed by any computer connected to the network. FreeNAS has many options that allow for a range of Operating systems and needs of individuals and companies. After inserting the IP address press Enter and will open the Administration Console of NAS Unit. You verified that entered the Administration Console without be asked a username and password. The server and protocol NTP (Network Time Protocol) has the functionality to synchronize the date and time on a network. Let us define a scenario that will allow the following sequence of creating Users, Groups, and Shares. Suppose the owner of a unit intends to make a NAS shares with three friends, which lets you see the contents of the drive and run files denying them permission to write to the NAS.
3 - In the windowAdd User, place in the field Username the name that the user will log in when needed. You need to inform the system that the users who will access the share belonging to GrupoPartilha. The next step refers to formatting disks for later create folders for each user and consequent sharing. After creating the folder where we put the files that we want to share, we need to define who is allowed to access it and what actions can do. In the window for setting the permissions have a Owner User (default is the super-user root) and a Owner Group (default is the wheel Group). To change the Owners, select the arrow to the right of the box, which will provide access to all users and groups created.
In the Mode defines the kind of allowance to the Owner (user), Group (owner group) and the other groups or users (other). Execute - Download - In the case of executable files, for example a movie or music, you can play the content if you are on a local network.
The Type of ACL defines which operating system is used by customers, Windows or Unix (and similar Unix like Linux).
If you check the box Set permission recursively permissions apply to subdirectories of the volume or folder that is sharing.
In our case, we want the user Owner (jjrcrispim) has full permissions, the Group has permission to read (Read) and run (Run).
Path (Continuation) - when you select Browse, will show the root of the disc (folder with bar). 7th - After making sure that the path to the folder appeared in the Path box, select Close. If the share does not work, make sure the CIFS service options if there is the same working group that has Windows. The user configuration jjrcrispim, is fully functional, because it was possible to read, write and execute from sharing.
The advantage of the NAS unit is to establish permissions, inhibiting or enabling the user actions.
Access to a particular server is always done through an IP address, either directly or indirectly. Creating an account and respective configuration varies depending on the server that provides the service. To perform such action in Users select each user with the left mouse button and list the Documents folder with the user. Let's test the sharing as we have performed previously, using the logins jjrcrispim e amsantos. FreeNAS has included two Media Servers, both compatible with DLNA (Digital Living Network Alliance). Before installing any of the media servers integrated into Plugins FreeNAS, you have to organize your media files, create a folder for the aforementioned purpose. 20th - Create three folders for each of the variants media (Images, Music, Videos) and put some media files (photos, movies, music) in the respective folders.
Note: Before installing the media server you should organize the respective files by placing them in a folder. Whenever you set through the network, a new File or Folder in Multimedia folder, the system will automatically generate a copy to the Media folder which is the base server. 39th - In the dialog box that appears, have a message that says Click here to access your Plex Media Server. After you have created the folder where the multimedia files will accommodate, respective permissions and sharing, create subfolders for each of the types of multimedia files, and accommodation for testing, we perform the remaining actions necessary to implement MiniDLNA Media Server. Whenever you put through the network, a new File or Folder in Multimedia folder, the system will automatically generate a copy for the Media folder which is the base server. In this case we were careful to name the files with the word "nas" in order to give more easily.
That has a motherboard which are integrated in a Processor (Single Core) 800 MHz, 128 MB Memory RAM, a 128 MB flash chip (where you installed the operating system) and provides two SATA-II slots (ie if put SATA-III will work on SATA-II).
If you think about purchasing the hardware required to mount a NAS unit, you will spend about 220.00 Euros (excluding value of the disks). The second is 100% more expensive, but has far superior hardware features and the replacement of components is facilitated. Let us present two hypotheses: one Motherboard with integrated processor and one without embedded processor.
If you compare these systems with those that are sold in the market, you will see that a NAS unit that costs about 400.00 Euros, hardware settings have much lower compared to the solutions presented. A External Disk is only and only one disk that is connected to a box, one that has a circuit that will allow plug and feed the disc and allow your connection to another device through a particular medium. Note: if you notice any inaccuracies in this article or want to add something more, you can send me an E-Mail. Contact the seller- opens in a new window or tab and request a shipping method to your location. For all furniture items we will replace any parts that are damaged but the item may not returned if there is buyer's remorse. We will not accept returns on sports related autographed Memorabilia and Collectables or on any custom made items such as any customized car mats or children's furniture.
We will not accept returns on any shavers, personal care items, cosmetics or intimate products that have been opened. You have read and agree to the Global Shipping Program terms and conditions - opens in a new window or tab. Import charges previously quoted are subject to change if you increase you maximum bid amount. Something which the current line of Apple TimeCapsules don’t offer, not to mention they are expensive for what they offer.
My post is an updated version of an existing article I found, but is also a result of my own trial and errors. You must have a ZFS volume already created for this step, if you haven’t got one then you should go read through the ZFS primer in the FreeNAS docs. If you select to use the disk for Time Machine you will be prompted to enter the username and password for the FreeNAS user we created previously.
Distinguished from an external disk because it is a server, then with dedicated Hardware and Operating System and with the possibility of implementing various technologies such as RAID, Multimedia Server, Aotomated Backups, Control Permissions, FTP Server, etc.. A processor with a frequency of 2 GHz and 512 MB a€‹a€‹RAM are sufficient to implement the NAS we develop. Regarding the hardware will need to examine if the motherboard allows booting from a USB stick or via DVD and if the processor is 32-bit or 64-bit.
The USB stick will be formatted in a specific system files, and can not subsequently be formatted through Windows, requiring specific software. Through such software, you can delete the partitions fails through Windows Disk Management and format the Pen.
The operating system must be installed on a separate disk, ie hard drive will only serve to run FreeNAS. We recall that the disk dedicated to the Operating System will not be a disk for storing data, ie can only be used for that purpose.


Normally you have to select one of the function keys, F8, F11, F10 or another according to the Motherboard. After a few moments (which will be shorter or longer depending on the hardware you are using) will emerge first dialog box. We could access the console to perform the other necessary settings, but we have yet to assign a fixed IP to the NAS drive, because in case the unit is restarted the address will change that up because it is dynamically assigned At Router. The device will be required to be permanently attached to the motherboard and this should enable boot from USB (not all Motherboards permit). While the MAC identifies your device to DHCP, the IP address will identify the device on the network. Normally if the Network Card Onboard there is a label somewhere on the motherboard which indicates that MAC. After the system is off, you can turn off the Keyboard and Monitor, because it will not be necessary. While in previous console can perform actions very small, in the Administration Console Unit is where you will make all the necessary settings for the NAS unit fulfills its function. Hence the previous mention regarding the uselessness of the keyboard and the monitor connected to the NAS Unit. Since the goal of this article is to provide a first contact with FreeNAS, we use features that most users need. The first task to do is to configure the administrator account, so that the next entry that does not happen again. If you receive an e-Mail test in the mailbox of the e-mail said, is a sign that the settings made are correct.
As already mentioned, it is essential that the equipment of a network are synchronized in terms of date and time, otherwise can not communicate properly. It is then logical sincronizarmos our equipment through the entity responsible for the Legal Hour. You need to bind the folders created in the area of each user can be defined for the respective permissions.
Please note that you will select the permissions for the Documentos folder and not to the entire disk. Depending on the console of each router, the way to make will be the same as what we present.
To confirm, if you access the FTP login with root (super-user) will have access to the entire disk.
As an organization, is association of companies that establish guidelines based on existing technological standards. You can not connect the two simultaneously, in other words, or connecting one or the other. If you have not already done so, perform the actions listed in paragraph 5.1 - Common Settings (Steps 1 to 20).
If the server is functional, the files previously placed in the folder and multimedia sharing, contain the respective list.
If the server is functional, the files previously placed in the folder and multimedia sharing, contain the respective list. You can not install a new operating system, you can not change your hardware, and if a hardware component fails, the NAS unit stops working, unless you send it to the manufacturer for repair (whose value will be much higher than the purchase price new product).
And you can still access the files contained on the disk, from abroad, using FTP (if the Router permits). But if you need a external hard drive and you have included a media server, you must purchase a specific one. It is a device capable of processing (CPU and memory have) which is installed on an operating system specific that will make it a server. The "off" amount and percentage simply signifies the calculated difference between the seller-provided price for the item elsewhere and the seller's price on eBay.
If you reside in an EU member state besides UK, import VAT on this purchase is not recoverable. It has a web interface for administration and includes support for RAID (0, 1, 5), iSCSI, drive encryption, and UPnP. I also maxed out the 16GB Kingston ECC RAM to help cope with the ZFS filesystems (the minimum recommended is 8GB).
That’s the last step, Time Machine should begin backing up shortly after adding the disk. My Storage is setup using ZFS in striped mirrored mode, meaning I get the best of both for speed and disk redundancy.
In this case we will use 1 USB Pen Drive for OS and two SATA disks for data storage (for make RAID-1). But in a Virtual Machine installed on a computer with 8 Core CPU and 16 GB of RAM, the boot time was less than a minute. See the manual which key BBS or Boot Menu, or when the system starts, this is indicated on the startup screen.
The dialog boxes that appear may only be manipulated via the keyboard, ie during installation of the OS the mouse is disabled.
Before proceeding to the setup phase we will conduct a small very useful operation we'll explain. If the board is offboard (coupled in a PCI or PCI-Express), the MAC address is shown in the box. If you want the emergence of a welcome message when you connect the NAS put it in MOTD banner. But how do not see the content you will not see the sharing, logo is inhibited from performing those actions.
How to change the address given frequency, we would have access to the address mentioned above and would need to know the new address, impossible situation if we were to access the FTP from the outside. The aim is to ensure interoperability between electronic equipment connected on a home network, so that they can exchange multimedia files between them using the said network. Although the onboard graphic card, the motherboard has a PCI-Express, which will let you put a graphics card if the onboard malfunction. Orders refused at delivery will be assessed all of the applicable fees listed above including the return fee, our shipping costs and a 25% restocking fee. Based on FreeBSD, it has modest system requirements but is scalable for the enterprise.This book will show you how to work with FreeNAS and set it up for your needs. I recommend that the first backup be completed over Ethernet instead of wireless as the initial backup can take considerable time. Obviously, when larger the hardware settings, the faster the startup and operation of the NAS system. The IP address is assigned by a DHCP (Dynamic Host Configuration Protocol), which is usually built into the Router. How the information is duplicated, if a disk is damaged, there is a full copy of the data on the other.
Select Set permission recursively so that actions are applied to subfolders that users create however. In this case, the call is routed to a DNS server, which will assign the IP address refers to the address entered. For example, the user can access and play multimedia files stored on a computer, through a TV, tablet, smartphone, among others, provided that such devices are connected on the same network and have DLNA certification.
Will not get it with an external drive because it can not set permissions (who can access, it can access and what can do)!
You will learn how to configure and administer a FreeNAS server in a variety of networking scenarios. The IP can be fixed (the same for a given MAC address) or dynamic (determined MAC can receive a different address each time you connect to the network). You will also learn how to plan and implement RAID on the server as well as how to use Storage Area Network technologies like iSCSI. If for any reason the said chip is corrupt and MAC address becomes unavailable, you can not connect the device to the network.
The standard FreeNAS documentation walks you through the basic configuration, but this book will tell you exactly what you should do to plan, work, and deploy FreeNAS.



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