With AWS this week giving users a wider choice of storage services, we look at the costs of competing options from the major cloud providers. The storage offerings on each cloud platform differ but we have selected the closest options. Because Glacier and Google's Nearline cold storage offering are intended for rarely-accessed data, users will be charged extra if they retrieve or delete more than set quantities of data in a specific period.
Rackspace has just stepped up the pressure on Amazon Web Services by slashing its cloud storage rates by a whopping 33 percent last Friday, while announcing plans to roll out tiered pricing for its open cloud services.
In an interview this morning on NewsDesk, Wikibon’s Chief Analyst Dave Vellante explains that Rackspace initiated the OpenStack initiative as a “hail-mary” against Amazon, but since its launch things have really started to take shape.
In addition to its CDN discounts, Rackspace has announced a new tiered price structure applicable to its Cloud Files Object storage service.
Amazon’s storage prices remain slightly lower (see the chart below), but as Rackspace quite reasonably points out, Amazon also charges additional fees for PUT, POST, HEAD, GET, LIST and DELETE requests, while the former does so free of charge. Rackspace is of course undergoing a radical transformation into a serious public cloud contender from its origins as a dedicated hosting provider. SIGN UP FOR THE SiliconANGLE NEWSLETTER!Join our mailing list to receive the latest news and updates from our team.
JustCloud provides security through the use of 256 bit secured socket layer encryption (it keeps your connection safe from prying eyes). There is a kind of law of relativity that differentiates hyperscale companies from large enterprises. Instead, Google has come up with ways to differentiate classes of service on its storage servers and the networks that link them together into a fabric, and the upshot is that the coldest storage that Google offers is a lot warmer than many cold storage offerings out there in the cloud or deployed for internal use by Google’s hyperscale peers. With the Nearline Storage service, Google is able to offer near online storage performance for about half the price of its Standard Storage service – something that its competitors cannot yet do. The difference between Google’s Standard Storage and Nearline Storage slices on its public cloud comes down to a software layer, Tom Kershaw, director of product management for Google Cloud Platform, tells The Next Platform. Google will not talk about the architecture of its servers and storage, except very rarely and only concerning equipment designs that are several years old when it does. With the launch of Nearline Storage, Google Cloud Platform offers three different kinds of services for piling up data, which it calls buckets like many other public cloud providers do. The durability of the storage service refers to how reliable the retention of that data is within the Googleplex. The Durable Reduced Availability Storage, or DRA Storage for short, has been sold by Google for some time, and its availability is knocked down a bit and its price shaved a bit compared to Standard Storage. Nearline Storage is cheaper than DRA Storage because it has lower bandwidth and higher latency. The other important thing is that the same tools, processes, and APIs that are used to manipulate Standard and DRA Storage are used for Nearline Storage, so there is nothing new to learn, nothing different to do in this regard. Companies that are using Google Cloud Platform to build new applications will use various levels of storage services by default, but Google has set itself a much broader target. For nearline or cold storage, you see most of the services measure themselves in hours to minutes. The most obvious comparison that everyone makes with Google’s Nearline Storage is the Glacier storage service from Amazon Web Services. There has been much talk and speculation about the Glacier service being based on tape libraries, but some of the whispering that we have heard from people using the service is that based on its actual performance, it looks like Glacier is at least partially hosted on disk arrays.
If Amazon suddenly makes Glacier available with a 2 second to 3 second retrieval time, we will know it was not based on tape – or that Amazon has moved the Glacier service to a mix of disk and flash, just like Google did from the beginning. Nearline Storage is going to give AWS a serious run for the archiving money, based on both its performance and its price, and Microsoft’s Azure is probably going to need a more generic cold storage service, too, if Google gets traction with Nearline Storage. The Next Platform WeeklyTap the stack to painlessly subscribe for a weekly email edition of The Next Platform, featuring highlights, analysis, and stories from the week directly from us to your inbox with nothing in between. Bill Claybrook compares complex sizing and pricing issues when choosing EC2 instance types. Amazon Web Services (AWS) is a collection of services that includes storage services such as Simple Storage Service (S3), Elastic Compute Cloud (EC2) and more. By submitting my Email address I confirm that I have read and accepted the Terms of Use and Declaration of Consent.
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When users decide to share their IT responsibility with a public cloud provider and move some of their applications to a public cloud, AWS EC2 is frequently the choice.
To create a virtual machine, you need to understand AWS's concept of Instance Family and Instance Type.
If you want to run a high-performance application in the EC2 environment, you would boot an AMI specifying an instance type from the Compute Optimized (C3) family using one of the five C3 instance types in Table 1 below.
The C3 family should be targeted for high performance applications such as Web servers, on-demand batch processing, high-performance engineering and analytic applications.
The storage optimized family of instance types (I2, HS1) is ideal for scale out transactional processing, data-warehousing-based applications, Hadoop processing of unstructured data and clustering.
Pricing for EC2 instance types can be complex and not all of the details are presented in this article.
There are three Reserved instance types (Light, Medium and Heavy Utilization) that enable you to more accurately select the instance type that you need. It is strategically important for you to have some On-Demand instance types and some Reserved instance types.
Spot instance pricing can have some significant advantages over On-Demand and Reserved instance pricing, but at some risk. There are numerous things for you to consider when selecting appropriate instance types and the type of pricing that is most cost effective for you. Other variables to consider when creating an instance to run your application(s) besides the instance type, operating system and type of pricing, include the type of AMI you should use (S3-backed or Elastic Block Storage-backed), which type of virtualization is most desirable for your application(s) and paravirtual or hardware virtual machine. If your company is serious about sharing its IT responsibility with Amazon, then you need at least one person dedicated to following EC2 instance type pricing, instance type sizing and the many other variables involved in using AWS EC2 to fit your budget and application requirements.
About the author Bill Claybrook is a marketing research analyst with over 35 years of experience in the computer industry with the last dozen years in Linux, open source and cloud computing. MBaaS has been praised as a way to get mobile apps up and running fast, without having to make serious database configurations. It provides a middle ground between the standard AWS storage offering for frequently-accessed data that needs to be available on demand and its Amazon Glacier service for data that is rarely touched - sometimes referred to as cold storage.So how does this new AWS offering fit into the landscape of services offered by other cloud providers?Here's a comparison of the standard, reduced availability - for less-frequently accessed data - and cold-storage options from the major cloud service providers. In the chart we chose to use pricing for Azure Zone Redundant Storage (ZRS), which is closest to the other platforms' standard offerings. More details on these charges for Glacier are available here and for Nearline here.Performance of each offering also differs. He writes about the technology that IT decision makers need to know about, and the latest happenings in the European tech scene. This newly reduced rate matches the per-GB pricing of Amazon’s CloudFront CDN for the first 10 TB per month of out-bound data transfer. Rackspace is really trying to turn the crank on one of Amazon’s Achilles heels,” explains Vellante. It’s investing $$$$’s into its cloud services just as Amazon is, but its service differs in that it relies on the open-source OpenStack controller and the KVM hypervisor. Until recently, Rackspace has seemed reluctant to fight on pricing, instead relying on the rock-solid support of its core users to justify its increased cost.


He loves to write about Big Data and the Internet of Things, and explore how these technologies are evolving and helping businesses to become more agile. JustCloud is a little different because it combines unlimited storage space with a number of productivity features. If JustCloud let you back up files for everyone you know, it would strain the company too much. The file syncing feature makes it possible for you to established shared folders on every computer that you own. You can share files by logging into the control panel, selecting the file and then hovering your mouse over the “share” button.
The JustCloud mobile site allows you to view your files, share them and even sync files between your mobile device and other computers.
You can find the answers to most of your questions inside a large knowledge base right at the JustCloud website.
The most you’ll ever pay for JustCloud is $9.95 per month if you decide to pay by the month. The very logical things that enterprises do down at their large scale – such as operating distinct storage tiers that are optimized for different applications or for separate archiving use – oddly enough does not make sense at hyperscale. This will be a very disruptive development for cloud storage, and partnerships with key enterprise backup and recovery firms who want to peddle appliances that push data out to cloud services like Google Nearline Storage instead of on-premises tape is going to help get this nearline service stuffed with data.
We also think there might possibly be extra physical distance between the devices hosting the Nearline Storage and servers residing in the Google datacenters and network links that expose Cloud Platform services to the outside Internet. It is safe to assume that Google has many millions of machines in its worldwide regions and because of those same economies of scale it is deploying Cloud Platform workloads on the same iron as its own workloads. They differ from each other on a number of dimensions, including cost per unit of capacity and latency to, bandwidth from, and availability of the data that is stored on the services.
All of storage on Cloud Platform offers eleven 9s of durability, which means Google is 99.999999999 percent sure that it will not lose a chunk of data because it replicates it across its network of storage servers. The availability for Standard Storage is three 9s (99.9 percent) and for DRA Storage and now Nearline Storage it is two nines (99 percent).
With Nearline Storage, the price is being slashed to 1 cent per GB per month, and between now and June 11, fees for transferring data between Google’s continents and regions are being waved.
So you have to think about how frequently you are going to read a relatively cold dataset and what kind of bandwidth you might want allocated to it.
Google also has an online cloud import tool that allows petabyte-scale data to be ingested by its storage services automatically. Google wants companies to use Nearline Storage much as they would tape drives and libraries, and to that end it is working with various disk array and arching companies to have Nearline Storage be a target system for arching and backup.
For the Glacier service, AWS stores copies of the data in multiple devices inside a single facility and across facilities to ensure high durability of the data. The word we hear is that Glacier uses older storage servers in the Amazon fleet, much as Google is doing with its Nearline Storage service. AWS takes a request for a dataset retrieval, and within three to five hours makes that data available for download; customers have 24 hours to download it to an EC2 compute instance or an S3 bucket or it is removed from the queue.
I find it interesting the degree to with AWS has managed to keep the technology used by Glacier, even at a very high level, out of the public eye. These IT infrastructure services are offered in the form of Web services that Amazon refers to as cloud computing. Explore how PaaS features can help developers build more secure apps and learn the advantages and disadvantages of cloud development in the Google App Engine. Prior to services such as EC2, users had to go through a lengthy process to complete the purchase of a server, including finding the money to pay for it.
The number of vCPUs, memory, storage and hourly charge for each instance type can be viewed in Table 2.
It has eight vCPUs, 15 GB of memory, two 80 GB SSD drives and costs $0.42 per hour (when the instance is running). The R3 family is recommended for high-performance databases, large deployments of SAP and other enterprise applications that may require serious compute power and large storage. G2 (graphical) instance types are ideal for gaming applications, video streaming and server-based graphic workloads. You can rent the instance type as an On-Demand instance, a Reserved instance or as a Spot instance. Spot instances allow you to bid on unused EC2 capacity and run those instances for as long as your bid exceeds the current Spot hourly charge.
On-Demand and Reserved instance types are functionally the same; they launch and terminate the same.
The numbers in this table are based on published data on the AWS website for the C3 instance type with Linux as the operating system, U.S. Customers using both On-Demand and Reserved instances will have Reserved instance rates applied first to minimize costs.
They do not have any upfront commitment and hourly charges are usually lower than On-Demand hourly charges. EC2 images that are stored in the Amazon Simple Storage Source (S3) are referred to as S3-backed images. These documents generally refer to instance family as instance type, and instance type as instance size. If you reside outside of the United States, you consent to having your personal data transferred to and processed in the United States. Azure doesn't really have a good equivalent for a reduced-availability or cold-storage option to use in the comparison. After that, CloudFront’s prices are reduced, although Amazon does not publicize its reserved pricing for the service.
Rackspace offers even greater discounts, but doesn’t publish its prices beyond this amount of storage. Meanwhile, Amazon uses a closed-source variety of the Xen hypervisor alongside its own, internally-developed cloud controller that will almost certainly never become open-source.
Before joining SiliconANGLE, Mike was an editor at Argophilia Travel News, an occassional contributer to The Epoch Times, and has also dabbled in SEO and social media marketing. For a flat monthly rate, JustCloud will give you as much storage space as you could ever need and features such as file syncing and file sharing.
I’m just happy with the ability to back up everything on my computer and not have to keep track of how much space I’m using.
Any time you upload a document into that folder or edit an existing document, that file will be updated at every other computer. Unfortunately, JustCloud does not yet have a mobile app that you can download to your phone.
For the average computer user, this is more than enough protection to keep your files safe.
If you want to talk to someone, you’ll have to submit a support ticket and wait for them to e-mail you back. If you sign up for extended plans, you can get the price down to as low as $4.49 per month. At the extremes, the scale of infrastructure actually warps economics in different ways, and that is why Google does not offer tape-based nearline or archival storage for its cloud customers.
The Nearline Storage could also be running on slightly older equipment that is heavier on the disk drives but that is not beyond its technical or economic life. Exactly what size of data chunk this durability refers to is not clear; It is possible that Google could offer data services that have variable durability, but it seems unlikely given how touchy everyone is about lost data.


The idea for both DRA Storage Nearline Storage is that, by definition, the data is not accessed frequently, and thus if it is not immediately available on the Googleplex, then it should not be a crisis for any user or application.
If you transfer data out of a Nearline bucket, upgrading it to Standard or DRA Storage bucket, there is a 1 cent per GB fee associated with that move. Specifically, the soon-to-be-spun-out Veritas unit of Symantec will be supporting Nearline Storage as a target for its NetBackup 7.7, which is in beta testing now just like the Nearline Storage service is today at Google. Data can be passed back and forth between the AWS S3 object store and Glacier, and Glacier has the same eleven 9s of durability guarantee as Google’s various storage services. AWS has bulk import of data stored on corporate disk arrays shipped to its facilities and it also has Direct Connect high-speed services to link in remotely to its storage services. AWS offers Gateway Virtual Tape Library services for backing up on-premises data to a virtual tape library backed by S3 or a virtual tape shelf backed by Glacier. The choice of an instance type conveys the combination of CPU, memory and storage that you believe is required to run your application. You would examine the size (number of vCPUs, memory and storage) of each C3 instance type, along with the hourly charge, to determine which C3 instance type is right for your budget and your application requirements.
The micro instance types (T1, M1) are for use with low traffic websites, small applications, etc. Pricing is per instance type per hour from the time an instance is launched until it is stopped or terminated. Reserved instances give you the option to make a low, one-time, upfront payment for each instance that you want to reserve. Spot instances allow you to specify the maximum hourly charge you are willing to pay for a particular instance type. With a Reserved instance, you pay a low, one-time payment to receive a lower hourly charge than you would get with On-Demand. For example, if the number of running instances each hour is less than or equal to the number of applicable Reserved instances you have, all running instances will be charged at the Reserved instance hourly rate.
The Spot instance hourly charge fluctuates based on supply and demand for all instances but customers never pay more than the maximum hourly charge they have specified. EBS-backed images differ from S3-backed images because an EBS-backed image uses a persistent EBS volume for instance storage.
We agree that the non-Amazon terminology is more meaningful and presents a clearer description of what is trying to be conveyed because type generally implies a set of values.
For most options, the price per GB falls as the data stored increases.The storage costs don't tell the whole story. He usually bases himself in Bangkok, Thailand, though he can often be found roaming through the jungles or chilling on a beach.
It is important to note, however, that you can only store an unlimited number of files from one computer. This gives you the ability to work at multiple computers and always have the most up-to-date version of every file. All of the plans listed below come with the same features and varying amounts of storage space.
That easily means Google has tens of millions of disk spindles of capacity – and quite possibly even more than that. If you look at Google’s storage pricing on Cloud Platform, the data transfer fees to move between regions and continents can be quite large, but the charge to move data into the storage services is always free. In a sense, Google is cutting the bandwidth and increasing the latency for nearline storage and assuming that most of the time you won’t be reading this data and that it will be cold. NetApp’s SteelStore appliance, which de-dupes, compresses, and encrypts data and then pushes it out to various kinds of cloud storage, will also support Nearline Storage in the second half of this year. Importantly, the Glacier service costs 1 cent per GB per month, the same as Google’s Nearline Storage.
EC2 offers computing capacity on demand, no upfront server costs, almost immediate availability and no commitment for length of use. This upfront payment allows you to receive a discount on the hourly charge for that instance.
The up-front payment for Reserved is not refundable whether or not you use the instance type at all.
The table assumes that the instance is up 24 hours per day or about 730 hours per month (or 8,760 hours per year). The problem is that if the Spot instance hourly charge moves beyond your maximum hourly charge specified for an instance type, then Amazon will shut down your instance type.
And Spot instances can lead to having an instance type terminated at the most inopportune time. You are not able to get one JustCloud account and link up 20 of your friends’ computers to store everything they have.
The movement prices are on a sliding scale, with the price going down as you move more data, ranging from 8 cents to 12 cents per GB for moving data between regions except for China and Australia, which carry higher fees. If you think you will need to access the data faster or frequently, then it probably makes sense to use DRA Storage. The Geminare disaster recovery appliance, which is used by a slew of telcos and service providers, will be able to push data to Nearline Storage, and Iron Mountain, which provides backup and vaulting, is working with Google so companies can ship disk arrays to Iron Mountain and, for a fee, have the contents of those arrays uploaded in bulk by Iron Mountain to Nearline Storage. It costs 2 cents per GB to move data from Glacier to another AWS region and anywhere from 5 cents to 9 cents per GB to move data from Glacier out to the Internet, with the price varying based on how much data you move per month. The total commitment a user has to make to EC2 is one hour, the minimum billing period for an EC2 instance (virtual machine). AWS provides a matrix of instance types with the number of virtual CPUs, memory, storage and the instance type's hourly charge information.
You should only select Reserved when you expect to use a relatively large number of hours; otherwise, paying the upfront payment could be a poor strategy. The savings represented in Table 2 are the maximum savings since we are running 24 hours per day.
In addition, Spot instance pricing requires you to constantly juggle your maximum hourly charge to make sure termination does not occur. For example, the new AWS reduced-availability storage option has a lower per gigabyte storage cost compared with standard storage, but a higher cost for data retrieval.
It does have such devices, but they are not part of the Cloud Platform offering but are rather for its own internal uses.
Moving data to the China region is essentially double this rate, and moving data to Australia is almost as expensive.
The Reserved hourly charge is significantly lower than the $0.42 hourly charge for the corresponding On-Demand instance.
We recommend that you read Amazon's EC2 Pricing document for additional details on instance type pricing. Moving data within a region is always free because Google can do that on the fabric in one datacenter fairly easily. Nearline Storage has a minimum of a 30 day fee, and if you delete data, Google prorates it to get its full 30 days.
To Google’s credit, the prices are the same the world over for data at rest, regardless of continent or region.
As Kershaw said above, storing data is cheap, moving it is expensive, so you have to do capacity planning in that regard.



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Comments

  1. 13.04.2014 at 17:47:41


    Scanned first and then the reach your files easily cloud application.

    Author: Elnino_Gero
  2. 13.04.2014 at 21:34:48


    Changed my tune and have found that Amazon Cloud Drive is now integration of One Drive with sources.

    Author: oO
  3. 13.04.2014 at 23:41:39


    Will always be discussions about the problems evaluate cloud options and improve.

    Author: BUTTMEN
  4. 13.04.2014 at 10:46:58


    Even less as AWS grows??plan allows system-image.

    Author: MARTIN
  5. 13.04.2014 at 12:53:10


    2GB storage space is a good enough determine to provide you the organization.

    Author: 202