There's no doubt that the cloud has become an increasingly relevant option for file storage over the past few years.
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A lot has changed on the software, with the biggest point being the use of DiskStation Manager 2.2. If your DS210j arrives diskless you’ll have to install the hard drives first, but that is just a matter of screwing two hard drives into the trays. During idle operation the DS210j is silent though when the there is disk activity the drives are audible. Performance isn’t the highest priority for a two-disk consumer NAS but it is something to keep in mind. If, tomorrow, something goes wrong with your Mac or if it gets stolen or damaged, replacing the hardware itself is technically very easy to do; it just takes money. Here wea€™re going to talk you through the pros and cons of different ways you can back up your Mac, giving you the information you need to make an informed decision about protecting your data in the way that suits you best.
But because that detailed information might be a bit intimidating, wea€™re going to start with two simple scenarios: the a€?if you do nothing else, do thisa€? setup that is easy, cheap, and will give you some basic protection against data loss, and then our recommendation for a good mix of backup methods that should in most situations ensure your data can withstand almost any catastrophe.
Buy a hard disk, plug it into your Mac and then, when prompted to use it for Time Machine backup, accept. We encourage you to read morea€”to adopt instead our recommended system immediately below, and to discover more about the limitations of this simple backup process in a€?Time Machine to a disk connected to your Maca€? further belowa€”but dona€™t be put off by all the text that follows. By mixing these three strategies, you get file versioning from Time Machine (great if you overwrite or delete something, or want to go back to an earlier draft of a file), the ability to quickly boot from your cloned disk if your internal drive fails (so you can keep working without missing a beat), and are safeguarded against theft or damage (whether thata€™s something like dropping your MacBook or a more serious disaster such as fire) by having your data also stored elsewhere in the world with a cloud or other remote backup system. There are other apps that can back up your files to an external hard disk, but Time Machine is simple, built-in, sure to be supported, and offers file versioning as well as simple backup; that is, older copies of your files are stored alongside the current one so that you dona€™t have to restore the most recent version, but can step back through time to grab older drafts.
Time Machine can be used with a portable hard drive, so you can bring your backups with you. Good because: Set-it-and-forget-it easy, cheap, built-in, likely to be supported for a long time. But be aware that: You need to have the disk connected for back ups to happen (fine on a desktop, but not guaranteed with a laptop), ita€™s slow to restore from if you replace a failed internal hard disk (you cana€™t boot from it), and it offers no protection against theft or local disasters such as fire.
Alternatively, you can use Time Machine to back up to a disk that is connected directly to your network rather than to a specific Mac. Most people will think of Applea€™s Time Capsule for this methoda€”a network router with a built-in hard diska€”and indeed ita€™s the simplest option, but you dona€™t have to go with that. Good because: All the advantages of Time Machine, but more convenient, especially for laptop users, since backups happen automatically over your home network.
But be aware that: Backups are a little slower (or indeed can be much slower, depending on the speed of your network or the bandwidth of the method by which your Macs connect to it) and restoring is even slower still. If your internal disk fails, you can just boot from the external clone and continue as if nothing had changed. Connect a cheap little hard disk, tuck it out of the way, and just let your Mac clone to it daily. Technically, you can also clone to a disk image on a network drive rather than to a local disk, but while this has merit in edge cases, ita€™s not usually the best option.
Good because: Creates perfect copy of your internal disk, which you can restore from, or, best of all, boot from in an emergency.
But be aware that: Therea€™s no versioning, it can be slow depending on the interface, and therea€™s no protection against local disasters. In picking an external disk to use with Time Machine or cloning (or even for use on a network), the temptation is to pick a cheap, simple hard disk, and though thata€™s fine, you can give yourself some extra protection by choosing a RAID disk. RAID disks use two or more hard disks inside a single enclosure, and while they can be configured in increasingly complex ways the more disks they have inside them, for our purposes the key thing is that one of these ways is to mirror the contents of one of the internal drives to the other constantly, automatically.
The two disks just appear as a single disk as far as your Mac is concerned, so therea€™s no added complexity. A quick aside to encourage you to check out the enclosures from Drobo; they dona€™t use traditional RAID systems, but they give the same redundancy benefits, and allow you to mix and match drives and to grow your storage cheaply and organically in a really useful way.
Companies such as ioSafe make disks that can withstand fire and flooding, and while these still dona€™t offer you any specific protection against someone breaking into your home and office and stealing your stuff, they at least give some peace of mind by guarding against local catastrophesa€”at least for a while.
If you're worried about a fire or flood, you can get a hard drive that can survive such disasters. You can get fire- and waterproof disks that connect to your Mac like any other regular hard disk, and, as above, a NASa€”which also works with Time Machine.
Good because: Some protection against local disasters, and can be used for Time Machine (direct or over a network) or cloning. Services such as CrashPlan, Backblaze and Livedrive let you send your files to their servers over the Internet, for a fee.
Dona€™t confuse this with services such as Dropbox, which, while they do broadly the same thing at a technical level, are only designed for tiny subsets of your data, not the whole lota€”and ita€™d be just your luck if you havena€™t put the thing you want in the safe directory to be backed up. Good because: All your data gets sent away to a secure location, so is protected from theft and local disasters.

But be aware that: Takes a long time to complete the initial backup on most broadband connections, and could take an impractically long time to restore a full system back again. Rather than paying a company a monthly or annual fee to store your data on its servers, you can get the main benefits of cloud backup simply by backing up over the Internet to a disk stored at a frienda€™s house. CrashPlan allows you to use its software to back up your data to a Internet-connected drive at a friend's house.
Of course, as a courtesy, you probably want both to offer them the option of backing up to you, and also offer them a hard disk so that youa€™re not taking up space on their own internal (or external) drives. Your data is encrypted on the backup drive, so even if you dona€™t entirely trust your friend, they cana€™t see what youa€™re backing up! Good because: Gives you the main benefit of cloud backupa€”that your data is protected from theft or local disastersa€”but without the ongoing cost. But be aware that: Your frienda€™s computer needs to be on for backups to happen, most of the limitations of backing up over the internet detailed above still apply, and you have fewer guarantees about your dataa€™s safety as you would have with a commercial cloud backup service. Wea€™ve detailed the main types of backup that are relevant today; there are others, such as backing up to DVD, using a rotating offsite tape system, and doing smart things with rsync to synchronize local and remote directories, but the ones wea€™ve talked about are the most useful to most people now. Hopefully, then, wea€™ve helped you adopt the right backup system for youa€”or at least, gotten you to plug a sixty-buck hard disk into your Mac for Time Machinea€”but be careful not to get lulled into a false sense of security. Which brings us to your last bit of advice: every so often, do a quick audit to make sure your backup systems are actually running and are backing up as theya€™re supposed to. However, if you don't trust your data in the hands of a third-party service, a Network Attached Storage (NAS) device might be the way to go.Sitting somewhere between local and cloud storage, NAS devices keep your files and data in your hands.
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The front panel has been streamlined a bit from the DS207+ (there is the DS209 in between the two, but I don’t have that for comparison) but the enclosure is practically the same. The AJAX GUI is far ahead of many of the other options on the market simply thanks to its speed, but it is also easy to understand and logically organized. Of course the speed is great, but it is smart enough to know the temperature of the NAS, there is very good logging for a consumer product, and there is a system resource usage chart.
These numbers were found with the NAS directly connected to the PC so they are inflated relative to networked performance. I do know that the marvell chip in this NAS has the potential for some serious speed and that I wasn’t able to get it to go as fast as I would like. But the data that was on its hard disk or SSDa€”those precious photos, that carefully amassed iTunes library, that work, that novel? We all know this, but understanding the different ways of backing up, and picking a backup strategy thata€™s right for youa€”so that you can rest easy knowing that ita€™s extremely unlikely that youa€™ll lose any of your filesa€”can be tricky. If you dona€™t see that prompt, just launch System Preferences and pick the hard disk in the Time Machine backup pane. Plus, as well as their individual strengths, you also have three copies of your data, which is great if one or more fails. For this reason ita€™s a good idea to buy a hard disk thata€™s two or more times the size of your internal drivea€”so you have space to store lots of versions.
Takes a snapshot of your files every hour, and makes it easy to retrieve deleted and overwritten files with its versioning feature. This means ita€™s available to all the computers on your network so you can have them backing up centrally, and best of all, they back up completely automatically over the network every hour (either via Wi-Fi or ethernet, depending on how they connect to it). Plugging a hard disk into an AirPort Extremea€™s USB port will make it available on the network for Time Machine, and lots of other Network-Attached Storage (NAS) devices from companies other than Apple also support Time Machine backup.
Obviously, you dona€™t want to rely on this solely, or be doing it for long; it might be slow, and it means youa€™re a level of redundancy down, so that if the external clone fails, youa€™re in big trouble. This provides extra redundancy whether youa€™re backing up to it using Time Machine or a cloning app such as SuperDuper, so that even if your internal drive fails and even if one of the disks inside the RAID fails at the same time, you still have one good copy of your data.
If you do this, then your Mac and any local backups you have on the premises next to it can be stolen, smashed, burned or drowned, but therea€™s a copy of your data held in a remote location, in a facility that is usually itself secure and which has good data redundancy.
Happens all the time you have an internet connection (so great if you travel on business), rather than requiring you to be on your home network as with a Time Capsule, say. Just be careful: ita€™s easy to misconfigure things and to discover too late that you havena€™t backed up the things you thought you had. The best-known way to do this is with CrashPlan; install the free app on their computer (where they can define where they want backups to be stored and how much space to allow you) and then on yours, define them as a backup target, and then just let it run. Backup can help mitigate against data loss, and the more backup systems you have running the less chance there is that youa€™ll lose your wedding pictures, your work documents, your homework.
We give you the scoop on what's new, what's best and how to make the most out of the products you love. Whether for personal or business use, a NAS solution could be the right way to go for an easy way to share and back up data across a local network and beyond. They make so much sense for the home because their networking capabilities allow for use with multiple computers, plus they can stream video, music, and pictures to a wide range of connected devices. The most noticeable hardware change happened to the fan grill which is now a hexagonal pattern as opposed to the previous more open one.

This is a pretty easy process that can work on a Mac, Windows, or Linux system on the same network as the NAS.
Notifications can be done either through email or SMS, which is another perk and potentially complex setup tools (FTP, user groups, etc.) are handled smoothly. There is a slight hum to the fan, but it can’t be heard until you are a few inches away from it. My directly connected real-life transfer speeds were about 34MBps from the NAS to the computer and 20MBps from the computer to the NAS. They have a community forum and a wiki that should answer all your queries, no matter how geeky. The device’s biggest weakness might simply be that the differences between the DS210j and older models are quite small. The best case scenario is that you pay hundreds, maybe thousands of dollars to a data recovery specialist to try to get some back, and the worst case is that ita€™s gone for good. Indeed, they can offer other features besides; see a€?Fire- and waterproof disks,a€? below.
Cost can mount upa€”though do explore a€?familya€? plans if you want to get everyone backing up. Indeed, you can do the initial backup to a disk connected to your computer first, and then attach it to the computer at your frienda€™s house, to speed up that initial backup process.
Things can still go wrong, though, so be vigilant, and if one of your backup systems (or your Mac) goes awry, fix and replace it as soon as you can to keep up your protection. You basically just have to install the DiskStation Assistant application and then run through some steps. The system often uses wizards so if you want to, for example, setup a NAS backup procedure, it will run you through the job step by step. These are real-life transfers so mileage may vary, but on the whole they are a good approximation of what the NAS should be able to handle. In my tests, using IOmeter over the network the DS210j was able to achieve transfer speeds of 12.8MBps.
1.2GHz) which means slower performance and limitations on features like the number of supported surveillance cameras and maximum user accounts.
The size is a reasonable 160mm x 218mm x 88mm (about as big as six stacked DVD cases, or two hard cover books). The software will find the NAS on your network, map the drive, and do all the other things that make some NAS devices a pain for home users.
There is some slight weirdness when you are told to wait 360 seconds after the firmware update for the system to reboot and firmware is not downgradeable, but that’s about where my problems stopped. Speaking of backups, they can be done locally to an external disk or shared server, to another Synology server, or over the network using rsync, so the options are robust.
If performance is very important to you when you might want to consider the DS209 which costs about $305 but gets you a fast CPU and twice the RAM. The unit consumes up to 25W of power when in use with two disks and it sips just 10W when the disks are hibernating (according to Synology).
The biggest point of confusion will be if your NAS is not configured when you get it and you need to configure it before you can see it on your network.
From the home page of the NAS there is even a Wizard mode if you don’t want tackle the Complete (advanced) mode.
That noted, it’s very hard to beat the features offered by the DS210j at the $230 (diskless) price point. The Assistant software will configure the NAS for you as well, it’s a one-time setup procedure. While the DX4200 comes in a similar size as other NAS offerings, its internals are what make it stand out.
The Assistant software is not needed after the initial setup, though it can be used in the future to find details about your Synology devices (like the IP or system status) and it can act as a resource monitor for them as well. Rather than the traditional Linux setup, the DX4200 runs Windows, allowing it to seamlessly integrate Windows workgroup or Active Directory network. The tiny EDS14 foregoes the typical drive bays for flash memory and USB-mounted external storage. However, what it lacks in drive options, it makes up for in its ability to be tucked away out of sight.The EDS14 can operate in temperatures ranging from -20 to +50 degrees Celsius (-4 to 122 Fahrenheit), and really shines when used as a network attached storage solution for IP cameras that are tucked away in the corners of a building or bus. Building on this idea is the device's relatively low power consumption, along with Surveillance Station software. One of the coolest features of this device is its web dashboard that offers users options for backing up to cloud services such as Dropbox and Box. As a bonus, if you find the RAM or CPU lacking down the road, the interior of the device is easily accessible for upgrades.

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  1. 02.10.2014 at 20:54:55

    Screen users can upgrade or downgrade their storage.

    Author: ALQAYIT_YEK
  2. 02.10.2014 at 19:24:26

    Again, 16MP and smaller photos you're using it as your main photo storage option.

    Author: Pakito