The Early Warning System (EWS) is a framework which has been developed by Child Poverty Action Group (CPAG) in Scotland to collect and analyse case evidence about how welfare changes are affecting the wellbeing of children, their families and the communities and services that support them. The Pacific Tsunami Warning Center in Hawaii provides similar services for the Aloha state as well as all other American territories in the Pacific. Both of the tsunami warning centers use earthquake information, tide gauges and now a new tool from NOAA - tsunami detection buoys, developed by NOAA's Pacific Marine Environmental Laboratory. Upon receipt of tsunami watches and warnings, coastal National Weather Service (NWS) offices such as those in Seattle and Portland, activate the Emergency Alert System (EAS) via NOAA Weather Radio. Upon receipt of tsunami watch and warning messages, local emergency management officials (see Clallam County, WA as an example) can decide to activate the Emergency Alert System (EAS) to evacuate low-lying coastal areas in advance of the initial tsunami wave.
If you want your own tsunami warning message receipt system, obtain a NOAA weather radio receiver with EAS-programmable features. MEXICO CITY – The Mexican government on Tuesday launched a national tsunami system to monitor quakes around the world that could impact the country’s coastline, the Interior Ministry said.
The system will bring together data from the ministries of the Interior, Navy, Communications, and Transport, as well as university bodies and research centers that already monitor quake activities, officials said.
BAY COUNTY — Plans to install two new siren towers in Bay City will allow residents and visitors outside of the downtown area to hear the emergency warning system.
That system has a siren, as well as a digital system allowing dispatchers to make announcements.

Norman said he and Emergency Management Coordinator Chris Izworski decided to put one siren at Center and Lincoln so the warning could be heard on both sides of the Saginaw River, throughout Bay City, in some nearby townships and in Essexville.
Since then, a backup system was put in place to ensure the sirens will work and that dispatchers and supervisors can activate them several different ways.
JMA operationally monitors seismic and volcanic activity throughout the country and issues relevant warnings and information to mitigate damage caused by disasters related to earthquakes, tsunamis and volcanic eruptions. The data collected are input to the Earthquake Phenomena Observation System (EPOS) at the headquarters in Tokyo and the Osaka District Meteorological Observatory on a real-time basis. The Earthquake Early Warning system provides advance announcement of the estimated seismic intensity and expected arrival time of principal motion when an earthquake occurs. The Earthquake Early Warning system is aimed at mitigating earthquake-related damage by allowing countermeasures such as promptly slowing down trains, controlling elevators to avoid danger and enabling people to quickly protect themselves in various environments such as factories, offices, houses and near cliffs. If tsunamis are generated by seismic events far from Japan, the Agency engages in coordinated action with the Pacific Tsunami Warning Center (PTWC) in Hawaii and issues warnings for long-propagating tsunamis. If the Committee concludes that the Tokai Earthquake is imminent, the Director-General of JMA will report this conclusion to the Prime Minister, who will then hold a Cabinet meeting and issue a warning declaration.
JMA began issuing Volcanic Warnings and Volcanic Forecasts for each active volcano in Japan on Dec 1, 2007 to mitigate damage from volcanic activity. Volcanic Warnings are issued in relation to expected volcanic disasters, and specify the municipalities where people need to take action.

They also serve as the International Tsunami Warning Center for over two dozen other member countries in the Pacific and Indian Ocean Basins as well as the Caribbean.. A total of 39 buoys are now deployed worldwide with nearly two dozen in the north Pacific to help scientists determine whether a tsunami has been generated and moving across the Pacific before reaching North American coastlines - another tool in the tsunami warning centers warning toolbox to help avoid any false alarms. They are activated by 911 dispatchers when needed in an emergency, such as if there is a tornado warning. The National Tsunami Warning Center in Palmer, Alaska monitors for earthquakes and subsequent tsunami events. In Washington state All Hazard Alert Broadcasts (AHABs) outdoor siren systems located in remote coastal areas are activated by Washington State Emergency Management as well as local authorities, alerting people in those more isolated locations. If a tsunami is generated, they issue tsunami advisories, watches and warnings, as well as tsunami information statements for the U.S.

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