Volcanic activity can result in explosions called plinian eruptions that shoot rocks, ash, and gas hundreds of feet into the air. When a volcano erupts, immediately tune in to determine if you are in immediate danger where you are and also to find out what is happening around you.
If you see a plume of debris rising from the volcano, or if you feel an earthquake, tune in immediately. Before going to the volcano, consult with local authorities, and heed their recommendations or warnings.
But if you live near a volcano or get an opportunity to visit one, you are always at risk, and it's important to know how to prepare for an eruption and escape one alive. Using this information you can get some idea of how safe your house or workplace is, and you can plan the best route of escape.


Learn about the hazards you may encounter in the area of the volcano, and get a reputable guide to accompany you, if possible. If you're going to be climbing or hiking near the volcano, you should bring a few survival items that will help you survive if you're caught outside without access to shelter.
Volcanoes emit a number of gases, and if you are close to one when it erupts, these gases could be deadly. You can be in danger even many miles from the volcano.Never try to cross a lava flow or lahar. Fortunately, most volcanoes are carefully monitored, and scientists can usually provide some advance warning before a serious event. Protect yourself by staying below the ridgelines of hills and on the side of the hill opposite the volcano.


If you are caught in a hail of smaller pyroclastics, crouch down on the ground, facing away from the volcano, and protect your head with your arms, a backpack, or anything else you can find. If you live near a volcano, your community likely has a plan in place to warn people that the volcano may erupt.



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