DHI's Annual Fire and Egress Door Assembly Inspection (FDAI) program is a four-part program combining education, certification, risk management, and advocacy. Inspections must be performed by individuals knowledgeable about the operating components of doors subject to testing.
DHI has created a training program, Fire and Egress Door Assembly Inspection (DAI 600) that provides students with door, frame and hardware product and application knowledge. To assist our industry as they conduct their annual inspections, DHI has created an Inspection Report form that is available to those who have successfully completed the DAI 600 – Fire and Egress Door Assembly Inspection class. The Door Security & Safety Foundation mission is to promote secure and safe openings that enhance life safety through awareness and education to the building design, code authority, and facility management communities. The Foundation’s online, interactive tutorial is the introduction of this issue for the AHJ community, and is available on a complimentary basis as a primer to the details of completing fire doors inspections. For those AHJs seeking additional education the Foundation has a two hour live presentation that dives deeper into the NFPA 80 and NFPA 101 requirements driving the inspection program.
The Door Security & Safety Foundation (formerly the Foundation for the Advancement of Life Safety and Security) leads efforts further awareness and provide education within the fire service community. In an effort to support the AHJ's mission, and to provide guidance to building owners and facilities management personnel, DHI and the Foundation have joined forces to create a training program specific to the inspection requirements of the 2007 edition of NFPA 80, Standard for Fire Doors and Other Opening Protectives. This guide includes an overview of the requirements in NFPA 80 and NFPA 101 and helps readers understand how and why compliance protects fire door assemblies in buildings. This title helps anyone tasked with performing safety inspections by providing the fundamental level of knowledge and understanding of swinging fire doors with builders hardware and the inspection requirements.
The International Code Council (ICC) develops the codes used to construct residential and commercial buildings—including government buildings, hotels, schools and healthcare.
The 2009 editions of both the IBC and the IFC reference the inspection steps contained in NFPA 80 (2007 edition). He observed fire inside the structure when a door connecting the rear of the right showroom addition to the loading dock was opened. On June 18, 2007, nine male career fire fighters (the victims), aged 27 to 56, died when they became disoriented in rapidly deteriorating conditions inside a burning commercial furniture showroom and warehouse facility. The National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health (NIOSH), Division of Safety Research, Fire Fighter Fatality Investigation and Prevention Program, learned of the incident on June 19, 2007 through the national news media. On July 9, 2007, three NIOSH investigators (Safety Engineer, General Engineer, and Safety and Occupational Health Specialist), along with representatives of NIST, returned to South Carolina. During the weeks of July 9-13, July 16-20, and August 27-31, 2007, interviews were conducted with officers and fire fighters who were on-duty and dispatched to the incident scene, as well as fire fighters who were off-duty and came to the scene to offer assistance.
During the course of the ensuing investigation, the NIOSH investigators met with chief officers and fire fighters from the initial responding department, two local mutual aid departments, NIST staff, the county coroner, the county emergency response dispatch center staff, city building inspectors, city water system officials, representatives of the International Association of Fire Fighters (IAFF) labor union, U.S. South Carolina is one of 26 states and territories which administers its own occupational safety and health program through an agreement with the U.S. At the time of the incident, the career fire department was an ISOd Class I rated department with 19 fire companies located throughout the city. The fire department utilized the 911 dispatch center operated by the municipal police department (PD). The first mutual aid department to respond to the scene was a career department that employs 60 fire fighters and officers.


The second mutual aid department to respond to the scene was a combination department with 44 fire fighters that serves a rural population of 14,000. In South Carolina, it is up to the local fire chief to decide what level of training is required for fire department personnel to obtain in order to meet SC-OSHA training requirements. The municipal fire department initially responded to the alarm with 3 apparatus and 9 fire fighters including Engine 11 (E-11 acting captain, acting engineer and fire fighter), Engine 10 (E-10 captain, acting engineer and fire fighter), Ladder 5 ( L-5 acting captain, engineer (assistant engineer), and fire fighter), a battalion chief (BC-4) and an Assistant Chief (AC).
Engine 16 (E-16 captain, engineer, and fire fighter) was dispatched after BC-4 (the initial Incident Commander (IC)) radioed dispatch to confirm smoke was showing at the incident site as per department procedures. Note: This timeline is provided to set out, to the extent possible, the sequence of events as the fire departments responded. Additional crews continued to arrive on-scene and contributed to the fire suppression efforts. The fire department issued each fire fighter a full set of black turnout gear and station uniforms when they were hired and sent to the recruit training class.
The fire department operated a maintenance and repair facility at one of the stations, where in-house maintenance was performed on all fire apparatus, equipment and SCBA. During the NIOSH investigation, fire fighters reported during interviews that Engine 11 (E-11) required specific procedures to engage the pump.
The furniture store fire on June 18, 2007, was originally dispatched as a possible fire behind a commercial retail furniture store. On June 18, 2007, at approximately 1907 hours, the fire department was dispatched to a possible fire behind a large commercial retail furniture store. The Assistant Chief detected fire when he opened a door connecting the rear of the right showroom addition to the loading dock area. Note: During this incident fire fighters experienced intermittent radio communication problems and interruptions. The Engine 6 crew and three fire fighters from E-15 were able to find the front door and exit the showroom. While fire fighters were known to be trapped inside, the number and their identities were not known. The E-10 crew (consisting of a captain, engineer, and fire fighter) was in-transit returning to quarters when the fire dispatch came in.
The Engine 11 (E-11) crew (acting captain, acting engineer, and fire fighter) was in quarters at Station 11 and the engine was being washed when the fire dispatch was initiated.
Between approximately 1932 and 1934 hours, L-5 was repositioned from the front of the showroom to the D-side by off-duty fire fighters who had responded to the scene.
The Engine 12 (E-12) crew, consisting of an acting captain, assistant engineer, and two fire fighters were in quarters at the time of the initial dispatch.
The E15 engineer donned his PPE and went to the front door where he assisted fire fighter # 2 in pulling the booster line through the front door. After the E-15 captain (Victim # 8) and fire fighter # 1 moved deeper into the showroom, the E-15 captain instructed fire fighter # 1 to go get another hose line. The program culminates with concentration on NFPA 80’s inspection requirements, including proper documentation practices. After successful completion of DHI’s FDAI Program, you then become eligible to become an IQP - Fire Door Inspector.


It includes an overview of the eleven important steps of inspection as well understanding the inspection reporting process. Most AHJs will also recognize the complexity of the interrelation of doors, hardware, life safety, and security, and may prefer to enlist the assistance of a local Fire Door Assembly Inspector (FDAI) from our FDAI online directory.
This step-by-step guide gives the AHJ detailed instructions for determining if fire doors comply with NFPA 80 requirements. Additionally it will assist in determining if they are equipped to perform the inspections and testing, or if they need the services of a professional fire door assembly inspector.
If a state has adopted the 2009 version of the IBC or IFC, then, in theory, they could be performing inspections based on enforcement by the local AHJ community. Fire Administration on September 20, 2007 to discuss the status of ongoing investigations and share information not of a confidential nature. E-16 was designated as the third-due engine responding to all structure fires in the western district (where the incident occurred)  if not assigned on the initial dispatch.
Note: This may be when the AC is looking for fire fighters to assist with rescue of the civilian and mutual aid fire fighters are pressed into action. The fire had already spread to the warehouse when the mutual aid department arrived on-scene.
Audio transcripts of the fireground channel recorded multiple instances where fire fighters inside the structure (including some of the victims) transmitted over the radio but the transmissions were not heard or not understood. The E-16 crew consisted of a captain (Victim # 5), an engineer, and a fire fighter (Victim # 3). For the facility manager it clarifies maintenance and inspection requirements of NFPA 80 and describes the owner’s responsibilities for maintaining fire door assemblies in working condition, which is essential for fire and life safety.
Chapters include step-by-step instructions for accurately evaluating swinging fire doors with builders’ hardware, plus explanations of NFPA 80 inspection requirements, inspector qualifications, and performing the functional tests. The 2009 version of the IBC or IFC is the code that determines if fire door inspections are potentially taking place in that state. Upon passing the DAI 600 class exam, students earn the credential FDAI and may conduct fire door inspections. Chapters include information on inspection cycles, guidelines, reports and record keeping, inspector qualifications, responsibilities and training, performing inspections and sample forms and a glossary of important terms.
When the E-11 acting captain returned to the front, fire was blowing out the front windows. The results of this testing and evaluation indicated that Engine 11 was generally in good acceptable working order with 3 maintenance findings that were corrected during the inspection, and 8 findings needing corrective action. On the day of the incident, the department had 61 fire fighters, 4 Battalion Chiefs and an Assistant Chief working on-duty.



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