In the early morning of Sunday, December 26, 2004, a giant undersea earthquake created a tsunami with an epicenter off the west coast of Sumatra, Indonesia. There were two types of affected areas: the first type was softly hit by the earthquake, which was felt by people but did not cause any damage to buildings, properties or lives.
Thailand experienced enormous damage, even though the earthquake occurred nearly one and a half hour before the tsunami hit the country. After the 2004 tsunami disaster, more attention has been paid to disaster preparedness, focusing on disaster risk reduction efforts, coupled with generating awareness at the community level. TV Channel 11 Phuket so far has worked closely with agencies involved with disasters: NDWC, DDPM, and TMD, as well as the Asian Disaster Preparedness Center (ADPC).
Humboldt Earthquake Education (2011) Living on Shaky Ground: How to Survive Earthquakes and Tsunamis in Northern California, Part of the Putting Down Roots in Earthquake Country Series.


Margesson, Rhoda (2005) Indian Ocean Earthquake and Tsunami: Humanitarian Assistance and Relief Operations, CRS Report for Congress, Foreign Affairs, Defense, and Trade Division, Updated February 10, 2005.
The first tsunami surges arrived at the closest land only eight minutes after the earthquake.
Having learned about the giant earthquake, they reported to higher ranking officers until the first official announcement was issued.
Relative risks of hazards, vulnerability, level of management and disaster occurrence in Thailand were examined by ADPC in the 1994 study “Strengthened Disaster Management Strategies in Thailand” which concluded that earthquakes in Thailand in terms of hazard and vulnerability were low, but was poor in management and moderate in disaster risk, while regional or distant tsunami had not yet been included in the list. Tsunami Program and the Nation’s Preparedness Efforts, Prepublication Copy, National Research Council, National Academies Press. A key element of Thailand’s disaster preparedness strategy is to promote greater public awareness of the risks of various types of disasters.


Lessons learned from the damage caused by the tsunami in 2004 and preventive measures will help media better handle future disasters. A case in point is the recent Aceh earthquake and tsunami warning on April 11, 2012, which showed a lot of improvement.



Make an emergency survival kit
Personal emergency evacuation plan for care homes
Emergency preparedness guide for transit employees


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