Gambino is starting a pandemic of ill, playing on the fact that ill could mean either physically sick or figuratively dope. Harvey Fineberg, chairman of a WHO-appointed International Health Regulations (IHR) Review Committee that evaluated WHO’s response to H1N1 influenza, identified the definition of pandemic influenza as a “critical element of our review”.8 In a draft report released in March, the committee faulted WHO for “inadequately dispelling confusion about the definition of a pandemic” and noted WHO’s “reluctance to acknowledge its part in allowing misunderstanding”9 of the web page alteration, which WHO has characterized as a change in the “description” but not in the “definition” of pandemic influenza. In a press conference, WHO explained that “the formal definitions of pandemics by WHO can be seen in the guidelines”.5 This was a reference to WHO’s pandemic influenza preparedness guidelines, first developed in 1999 and revised in 2005 and 2009. WHO’s defence of its decision to declare H1N1 influenza a pandemic because it met “hard to bend”, “clearly defined virological and epidemiological criteria”26 overlooks the fact that these criteria changed over time. Virus-centric thinking may heavily influence pandemic influenza planning because of the considerable weight of expert opinion. Finally, we must remember the purpose of “pandemic preparedness”, which was fundamentally predicated on the assumption that pandemic influenza requires a different policy response than does annual, seasonal influenza.
Transcript of virtual press conference with Dr Keiji Fukuda, Special Adviser to the Director-General on Pandemic Influenza.
Report of the Review Committee on the Functioning of the International Health Regulations (2005) in relation to Pandemic (H1N1) 2009: preview.


Informal consultation on influenza pandemic preparedness in countries with limited resources. Influenza pandemic plan: the role of WHO and guidelines for national and regional planning. Maybe the media thought that the word pandemic implies that the virus is lethal and capable of causing many deaths as well as meaning the global spread of the virus. A pandemic of influenza occurs when a new viral strain emerges to which the population has little or no immunity.
The Council of Europe voiced serious concerns that the declaration of a pandemic became possible only after WHO changed its definition of pandemic influenza.
WHO declared a pandemic on 11 June 2009, after determining that the novel reassortant H1N1 virus was causing community-level outbreaks in at least two WHO regions, in keeping with the definition of pandemic phase 6. Here the answer is very clear: yes”5 suggest that pandemics are something inherently natural and obvious, out there in the world and not the subject of human deliberation, debate and changing classificatory schemes. The description–definition of pandemic influenza that was on WHO’s web site for so long, unchallenged and unchanged for years, is perhaps the most striking illustration that expert institutions assumed pandemics to be, in their basic nature, catastrophic events.


The fact that the spread of overwhelmingly mild47 disease by a “novel” virus such as H1N1 could meet current phase 6 criteria highlights the shortcomings of virological assumptions and their central role in defining pandemic response measures. Incidence of 2009 pandemic influenza A H1N1 infection in England: a cross-sectional serological study. But what would and would not be declared a pandemic depends on a host of arbitrary factors such as who is doing the declaring and the criteria applied to make such a declaration. A 2005 WHO preparedness document titled Ten things you need to know about pandemic influenza31 stated that “large numbers of deaths will occur” and “economic and social disruption will be great”.
Indeed, if we do face the threat of widespread disease causing severe symptoms, the definition of pandemic influenza will likely become moot. The focus on 1918 and H5N1 came at the cost of preparing for possible future outbreaks similar to the 1957 and 1968 pandemics.



Improving preparedness for hurricanes
Faraday cage emp proof
Emergency evacuation zone


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