In 2013, Watts Bar Nuclear Plant in Spring City, Tenn., will have a graded exercise that will be a very large drill involving a make-believe 50-mile plume and potential agricultural contamination, Green said.
The disaster at Fukushima has served, among other consequences, to reinvigorate the debate about the risks of commercial nuclear energy – a discussion now continued in many countries where practical solutions are being sought to offset or mitigate such risks, ranging from a complete phase-out of nuclear energy to introducing more stringent safety requirements to enhancing disaster preparedness plans. Notably, Japan has been willing to acknowledge that should an accident happen, the most prudent and efficient course of action to take in order to protect the population would be immediate evacuation of all residents within a five-kilometer radius before establishing all details of the accident. And Russia, where many large cities are within a 300-kilometer radius of a nuclear power plant, clearly fails to appreciate such a threat. For instance, Moscow is just some 200 kilometers away from Kalinin Nuclear Power Plant, in Tver Region.
In environmental impact assessment documents for nuclear power plants, Rosatom insists no population protection measures are necessary beyond 3 to 3.5 kilometers off a nuclear power plant and suggests the evacuation perimeter need be no more than 800 meters.


The threat that hovered over Japan last March and has taken such painstaking efforts to overcome was one of the reasons Japan set a course for a gradual phase-out of nuclear energy as an industry that creates unacceptable risks. The calendar includes emergency instructions and tips in case of a problem at the nuclear plant.
Some are scored by the Federal Emergency Management Agency and the Nuclear Regulatory Commission. Each and every one of the world’s reactors in operation is inherently susceptible to an accident – something even the nuclear industry would acknowledge is true.
Still, the Russian State Nuclear Corporation Rosatom disregards the risk of any harmful impact an accident there could have on the health of the population in and around the Russian capital. Petersburg did once come under exposure to radioactive substances that traveled that seventy-odd-kilometer distance between the city and the nuclear town of Sosnovy Bor following an accident there in 1975.


But where countries like Japan strive to learn the tragic lessons of nuclear disasters such as the recent catastrophe at Fukushima Daiichi, Russia, which remains a staunch proponent of nuclear energy, fails to take the potential threat seriously and prepare adequate population protection measures. Petersburg includes a map of a potential fallout pattern from the nearby Leningrad Nuclear Power Plant, where trails of radioactive contamination show plumes could cover St.



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