A remarkable blitz of extreme weather events during 2011 caused a total of 32 weather disasters costing at least $1 billion worldwide. It was difficult to pick a top ten list of top weather events of 2011 from this bewildering list of candidates, and I cheated a bit by giving a tie for tenth place, so that eleven events would make the list.
The deadliest weather disaster of 2011 was a quiet one that got few headlines–the East African drought in Somalia, Kenya, and Ethiopia.
Heavy monsoon and tropical cyclone rains from July through October, enhanced by La Nina conditions, led to unprecedented flooding that killed 657 people and caused Thailand’s most expensive natural disaster in history. Heavy rains from December 2010 through January 2011, enhanced by La Nina conditions and record-warm ocean temperatures, led to unprecedented rains and flooding that killed 35 people and did $30 billion in damage. Brazil suffered its deadliest natural disaster in history on January 11, when torrential rains inundated a heavily populated, steep-sloped area about 40 miles north of Rio de Janeiro.
The most damaging tropical cyclone on the globe during 2011 was Hurricane Irene, which plowed through the Bahama Islands as a Category 3 hurricane with 120 mph winds before striking North Carolina as a Category 1 hurricane with 85 mph winds on August 27. 2) Heavy rains in September and October in Cambodia triggered flooding that killed 250 and did $521 million in damage–by far the most expensive natural disaster in Cambodian history. Looking at the long list of images at google search for Arctic Methane, there are many images that people have used to add to their studies of the Arctic. Overall, 2011 was the second most expensive weather year in Canadian history, behind only 1998, which featured the ice storm in Ontario and Quebec.
Slave Lake fire, it’s second on the list because Phillips said it wouldn’t have caused such devastation under different weather conditions.
And just in the wake of the floods, leading French reinsurer the CCR Group informed its partners in New Zealand, Australia and Thailand to stop underwriting in those countries, citing the high frequency of severe natural disaster losses in the past 12 months. A remarkable blitz of extreme weather events during 2011 caused a total of 32 weather disasters costing at least $1 billion worldwide.
For  the last decade, China, the United States, Indonesia, the Philippines and India constitute together the top 5 countries that are most frequently hit by natural disasters. For the top 10 countries in terms of disaster mortality in 2013, five countries are classified as low income or lower-middle income economies. The low number of reported natural disasters in 2013, when compared to the annual average occurrence from 2003 to 2012, was mostly due to a smaller number of hydrological and climatological disasters, 18% and 45% below their 2003 - 2012 annual average, respectively. Year 2013 percentage of victims to disaster: 51% of victims were from storms, 33% from floods, 8% from droughts and 7% from earthquakes. The Flooding in the South and East Germany was the most costly natural disaster in 2013 with estimated economic damages of US$12.9 billion. With the exception of storms, the decreasing rates of climatological and geophysical disasters is of greater importance.
The costliest climatological disaster in 2013 was a drought in New Zealand with US$ 823 million. In 2013, the 156 disaster occurrence in Asia was similar to its 2003 - 2012 annual average 155. On a more detailed note, hydrological disasters caused, proportionally, more victims in 2013 in Africa, the Americas, Europe and Oceania.
More precisely, costs of climatological disasters were above their 2003-2012 average in Oceania and near their average in Africa. Hydrological disasters contributed most to the increased damages in Europe, mainly due to the flood in South and East Germany.


According to The National Disaster Management Authority, more than 30,000 families, an estimated 200,000 people, in the Awaran district, 400 miles southwest of the provincial capital of Quetta, have been homeless since the temblor. Heavy monsoon and tropical cyclone rains from July through October, enhanced by La Nina conditions, led to unprecedented flooding that killed 657 people and caused Thailand’s most expensive natural disaster in history. For a long time I have been searching for a simple, easy-to-use, comprehensive list of freely available GIS datasets that I can use in my academic work – or for any other non-commercial purposes (eg. My list of top weather events were chosen based on their impact to society and meteorological significance.
The wildfire was the second-costliest natural disaster in Canadian history at more than $1 billion, including $400 million in uninsured losses.
Washi’s rains fell on regions where the natural forest had been illegally logged or converted to pineapple plantations, and the heavy rains were able to run off quickly on the relatively barren soils and create devastating flash floods.
The World Bank’s estimated economic cost was US$235 billion, making it the most expensive natural disaster in world history.
Five nations experienced their most expensive weather-related natural disasters on record during 2011 — Thailand, Australia, Colombia, Sri Lanka, and Cambodia. An SH-60F Sea Hawk helicopter assigned to Helicopter Anti-Submarine Squadron (HS) 14, flies around the Bangkok area with members of the humanitarian assessment survey team and the Royal Thai Armed Forces to assess the damage caused by the 2011 floods. MODIS true-color satellite image of Tropical Storm Washi at 01:45 UTC December 16, 2011, as it bore down on the Philippines. Business was slow at the Lake Conroe, Texas jet ski rental in 2011, thanks to the great Texas drought of 2011.
GOES-East visible satellite image of Irene taken at 7:45 am EDT on Sunday, August 28, 2011. Video of the Joplin, Missouri tornado of May 22, 2011, entering the southwest side of town. This is the 2nd most expensive weather-related disaster in El Salvador’s history, behind the $939 million price tag of their Nov. Five nations experienced their most expensive weather-related natural disasters on record during 2011--Thailand, Australia, Colombia, Sri Lanka, and Cambodia. This is less than the average annual disaster frequency observed from 2003 to 2012 which is 388, and represents a decrease in associated human impacts of disasters which were, in 2013, at their lowest level in last 16 years. The country was affected by a variety of disaster types, including 17 floods and landslides, 15 storms, 7 earthquakes and one mass movement of geological origin, one drought and one period of extreme temperature.
Victims from these three cyclones accounted for 38.7 per cent of all natural disaster victims of 2013. Conversely, the number of victims from meteorological disasters of 49.2 million was, in 2013, 60% above its 2003-2012 average.
This regional distribution of disaster occurrence resembles the profile observed from 2003 to 2012. Climatological disasters also created more victims in the Americas, Asia and Oceania; meteorological disasters in Asia and Europe and geophysical disasters in Asia. Damages from hydrological disasters were above their decade’s average in the Americas, Asia and Europe and damages from meteorological disasters in Asia, Europe and Oceania.
The screenshot above just shows the first few links – there are many more, split in to categories by field (for example, natural disasters, population, ecology and administrative boundaries) and by geographical area (for example, global, UK, Puerto Rica). From the massive Haiti earthquake to a bevy of explosive volcano eruptions, 2010 saw its share of natural disasters across the planet.


Here are some of the headline-grabbing natural disasters that OurAmazingPlanet and its sister sites covered in 2010. Brazil experienced its deadliest weather-related natural disaster — a flash flood that killed 902 people in January, and the Philippines had its second deadliest flood ever, when Tropical Storm Washi killed over 1200 people in December. Now called the April 2011 Super tornado outbreak, it was the largest and most damaging tornado outbreak in U.S.
Governments and aid organizations credited improved disaster preparedness and the early evacuation of about 1 million of the most vulnerable residents along the coast. The natural forces of the planet were in full swing this year, with some spectacular and devastating consequences.
Brazil experienced its deadliest weather-related natural disaster--a flash flood that killed 902 people in January, and the Philippines had its second deadliest flood ever, when Tropical Storm Washi killed over 1200 people in December. It was difficult to pick a top ten list of top weather events of 2011 from this bewildering list of candidates, and I cheated a bit by giving a tie for tenth place, so that eleven events would make the list. My list of top weather events were chosen based on their impact to society and meteorological significance. Damage estimates and death tolls for the 2011 disasters were mostly taken from AON Benfield's November Catastrophe Report, and records for damages and death tolls from disasters in previous years was taken from the Centre for Research on the Epidemiology of Disasters (CRED.) Here, then, is this year's top ten list.
The "short rains" failed in the fall of 2010, and when the main "long rains" in spring 2011 also failed, it brought one of the worst droughts in recorded history.
The 2010 - 2011 drought was rated along with the droughts of 1983 - 1984 and 1999 - 2000 as one of the three most significant droughts of the past 60 years.
Thailand's previous most expensive natural disaster was the $1.3 billion price tag of the November 27, 1993 flood, according to the Centre for Research on the Epidemiology of Disasters (CRED). Thailand is the world's largest exporter of rice, accounting for 30% of the global total, and the flood has helped trigger an increase in world rice prices in late 2011.
An SH-60F Sea Hawk helicopter assigned to Helicopter Anti-Submarine Squadron (HS) 14, flies around the Bangkok area with members of the humanitarian assessment survey team and the Royal Thai Armed Forces to assess the damage caused by the 2011 floods.
Washi's rains fell on regions where the natural forest had been illegally logged or converted to pineapple plantations, and the heavy rains were able to run off quickly on the relatively barren soils and create devastating flash floods.
MODIS true-color satellite image of Tropical Storm Washi at 01:45 UTC December 16, 2011, as it bore down on the Philippines. Now called the April 2011 Super tornado outbreak, it was the largest and most damaging tornado outbreak in U.S.
GOES-East visible satellite image of Irene taken at 7:45 am EDT on Sunday, August 28, 2011. Video of the Joplin, Missouri tornado of May 22, 2011, entering the southwest side of town. Renewed rains February 1 - 10 caused flooding that killed 18 and cost an additional $450 million--the second most costly natural disaster in Sri Lanka's history.2) Heavy rains in September and October in Cambodia triggered flooding that killed 250 and did $521 million in damage--by far the most expensive natural disaster in Cambodian history. This is the 2nd most expensive weather-related disaster in El Salvador's history, behind the $939 million price tag of their Nov.



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Comments

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