Evacuation is a pre-emptive move to protect life and property, where as rescue is a post-disaster phenomenon of helping people to move from areas that have been hit by disaster to a safer place. Have a licensed electrician to raise electric components (switches, sockets, circuit breakers and wiring) at least 12" above your home's projected flood elevation. When non-stop rain pounded the Philippine capital Manila and surrounding provinces recently, it provided a chance to test the country's new system for forecasting natural disasters. Though it is not possible to control the flood disaster totally, by adopting suitable structural and non-structural measures the flood damages can be minimised.
They're hoping to do better than "weather-whether" - in this island nation that's so prone to floods, typhoons, earthquakes and volcanic eruptions.NOAH was born out of last December's floods in the country's south that caused more than 12,00 deaths. I looked round: a dense black cloud was coming up behind us, spreading over the earth like a flood.
Identify potential home hazards and know how to secure or protect them before the flood strikes. For drains, toilets, and other sewer connections, install backflow valves or plugs to prevent floodwaters from entering. Have your immunization records handy or be aware of your last tetanus shot, in case you should receive a puncture wound or a wound becomes contaminated during or after the flood. Insect repellent containing DEET, screens, or long-sleeved and long-legged clothing for protection from mosquitoes which may gather in pooled water remaining after the flood. Any natural calamities espouse itself with serious devastation to transportation, communication chaneel, supply of electricity etc. For Jammu and Kashmir, this is their worst flood in 100 years, according to the chief minister Omar Abdullah.
The monsoon last year brought devastation to nearby Uttarakhand when similar flash floods and landslides killed 4,500 people.  Every year, Assam is devastated by floods and river erosion and this year in just one district, 188 villages were submerged and 25,000 hectares of crops destroyed.


However, an extreme weather event only becomes a disaster when it hits assets and causes loss of life and livelihood. Preparing for a disaster does not just mean putting in place early warning systems and protocols for evacuations. Environmentalists and journalists are already starting to make claims about why the floods in Jammu and Kashmir have caused so much destruction, among them: deforestation in the catchment areas of rivers, unplanned construction in flood plains, rampant dumping of garbage in the rivers, and overuse of chemical fertilizers by farmers.
There are many well-documented reasons why planning and development continues to sideline the risks associated with natural disasters. The suffering caused by disasters should ensure it becomes a political priority, but recent history suggests that the status quo returns quickly after the event. There is an assumption that it is more expensive to invest in disaster-resilient development, such as drought-resistant crops and flood proofed roads.  A cost-benefit analysis for the housing sector shows this is not always the case. Finally, once the why and how has been addressed, then the party responsible for managing disaster risks needs to be established.
Rather than leaving it as theory, there are opportunities now to build the risk of flooding and other natural disasters into future development programs in the Himalayas and throughout India. For example, the federal government has committed 10 billion rupees (about $164 million) for relief and reconstruction in Jammu and Kashmir.  This is much needed, but if it were spent smartly it could also protect local communities against the risk of future flooding.
Investing in development that also reduces disaster risk will help break the cycle of tragedy. Natural disasters Key points Natural disasters can come about as a result of climatic or geological events. For planning any flood management measure latest, reliable, accurate and timely information is required. Vesuvius erupt on August 24, 79AD More information US Federal Emergency Management Agency Natural disasters and extreme weather Disaster resilient Australia Earthquakes - ABC Science Droughts Earthquakes The science of earthquakes Stormwatchers game Landslides Tornado destruction - video Australian Tsunami Warning System Volcanoes Famous volcanoes   Print Print Listen Listen Share this page Email Twitter Facebook Share your ideas Add your comment on this topic.


Even if climate change was not a factor, scientists tell us that disasters are getting more destructive as people are more exposed to floods and other such events. But, political interest in these construction projects, and failures of the planning process, mean construction continues as usual.
For example, in Leh district in Jammu and Kashmir, the planting of trees on the edge of streams –to tackle climate change — actually exacerbated the impact of the 2010 flash floods, because the trees fell into the streams forming dams which when they broke proved disastrous.
The cost of building homes that can withstand floods is far lower than the cost of repairing homes that cannot stand when a flood does hit. In Gorkahpur district, in Utter Pradesh, data over the past 100 years show a considerable increase in intensity and frequency of floods, which are now occurring almost every three to four years. Mihir Bhatt is CDKN’s Senior Advisor in India, and Director of the All India Disaster Mitigation Institute. Around 40 million hectares of land in India is prone to floods as per National Flood Commission report.
This is a classic case of why addressing climate change and disaster risk cannot be separated. Government departments there now recognize it is their shared responsibility, and are working together to address the risk of flooding.  This could be a model for others.
Floods cause damage to houses, industries, public utilities and property resulting in huge economic losses, apart from loss of lives.




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