Natural disasters range from catastrophic weather events to seismic activity that triggers earthquakes and tsunamis.
EarthquakesEarthquakes are a result of tectonic plate activity; they occur when the grinding or collision of plates along a fault line releases seismic energy that shakes the surrounding ground. HurricanesHurricanes are intensely powerful storms that form in the tropics, with heavy rainfall and winds that can surpass 155 mph.
An average of 20 typhoons and dangerous storms arrive in the Philippines from the Pacific Ocean over the eastern seaboard yearly.
At the writing of this paper, the Taal Volcano is currently exhibiting signs of another eruption. The need for terrorism suppression and bomb analysis, search techniques and evacuation procedures are critical.
In his Senate Resolution 1063, Senator Bam Aquino stressed the need to assess the impact of government’s actions to determine best practices and effective tools used in the disaster risk and reduction programs of local government units (LGUs). Her main contention is on how the subject has the same hours as other mathematics and science subjects, when a 2008 law already mandates schools to teach environmental awareness at all levels.
With the signing of the Enhanced Basic Education Act of 2013, two years have been added to the basic education system of the Philippines. The 80-hour subject on disaster readiness and risk reduction will translate to 3 sessions a week, 1 hour per session, for a whole semester, according to Cayetano. DepEd K to 12 coordinator Elvin Uy explained that it is a core subject under the STEM strand, but students in the general academic strand can also take it either as part of their specialized subjects or as an elective.
Shanties built along the bank of the river are submerged under flood water as a river overflows in suburban Cainta City, east of Manila, Philippines, Thursday, Aug. MANILA, Philippines—Deadly floods that have swamped nearly all of the Philippine capital are less a natural disaster and more the result of poor planning, lax enforcement and political self-interest, experts say. Damaged watersheds, massive squatter colonies living in danger zones and the neglect of drainage systems are some of the factors that have made the chaotic city of 15 million people much more vulnerable to enormous floods.
Urban planner Nathaniel Einseidel said the Philippines had enough technical know-how and could find the necessary financing to solve the problem, but there was no vision or political will. Eighty percent of Manila was this week covered in waters that in some parts were nearly two meters (six feet and six inches) deep, after more than a normal August’s worth of rain was dumped on the city in 48 hours.
Twenty people have died and two million others have been affected, according to the government. The deluge was similar to one in 2009, a disaster that claimed more than 460 lives and prompted pledges from government leaders to make the city more resistant to floods.
Squatters, attracted by economic opportunities in the city, often build shanties on river banks, storm drains and canals, dumping garbage and impeding the flow of waterways. The plan would have affected one in five Manila residents and taken 10 years and P130 billion ($3.11 billion) to implement.

He blamed the phenomenon on poor enforcement of regulations banning building along creeks and floodways, with local politicians often wanting to keep squatters in their communities to secure their votes at election time.
Meanwhile, on the outskirts of Manila, vital forested areas have been destroyed to make way for housing developments catering to growing middle and upper classes, according to architect Paulo Alcazaren. Alcazeren, who is also an urban planner, said the patchwork political structure of Manila had made things even harder.
The capital is actually made up of 16 cities and towns, each with its own government, and they often carry out infrastructure programs – such as man-made and natural drainage protection – without coordination. Solutions to the flooding will require massive efforts such as re-planting in natural drainage basins, building low-cost housing for the squatters and clearing man-made drainage systems, the experts said.
Jennings highlighted the rise of the outsourcing sector in the Philippines as evidence that foreigners would not abandon the country because of floods. From virtually nothing a decade ago, 600,000 people are now employed in the outsourcing sector and the industy is expecting that number to more than double by 2016 as more foreign firms move in.
While certain geographic areas are particularly susceptible to specific disasters, no region on Earth is free from the risk of a cataclysmic natural event. While areas near major fault lines such as the San Andreas fault are prone to Earth's most frequent and intense seismic activity, earthquakes can affect nearly every location on the planet. Hurricanes and heavy storms can produce rainfall beyond what bodies of water such as lakes, rivers and streams are capable of accommodating, resulting in water overflowing their banks and endangering nearby communities. They bring strong storm surges along coastlines, which are capable of spawning tornadoes; their rainfall often triggers flooding along the storm's path. Rotating air within a storm system can form a tornado, which extends from the thunderhead as a funnel cloud, traveling along the ground with winds inside the funnel that can reach 250 mph. Please fill in the following information so we can alert the Travel Tips editorial team about a factual or typographical error in this story. All governmental and private entities responsible for large segments of the population  should be prepared for these fateful natural disasters and put into force mitigation techniques to reduce potential risk and loss of life. Bad weather, especially during typhoon season, poor maintenance, overloading of vessels -- especially during the Christmas season as families return to their villages for reunions -- and lax enforcement of regulations has brought many tragedies.
With the improved performance of government, private sector and non-government organizations in preparation for super typhoon Ruby, a lawmaker wants to institutionalize best practices and effective tools to ensure readiness for future calamities and disasters.
The inquiry will look into the enhanced inter-agency coordination mechanisms of the national government and the pro-active response of LGUs and private sector on disaster preparedness and mitigation in the country. Every senior high school student will take 15 core subjects with content and competencies common in any track, 7 other contextualized track subjects with competencies common in any track, and specialized subjects under their chosen track and strand. These comprehensive and timely seminars provide the kind of training needed to better-prepare administrators and first responders. We reserve the right to exclude comments which are inconsistent with our editorial standards.

The Federal Emergency Management Agency's "Read America" website advises everyone to have emergency plans tailored to their region's specific risks and to be familiar with evacuation routes. Meteorologists classify hurricanes using five numerical categories, each indicating the storm's wind speed and destructive capability, with higher numbers representing progressively powerful storms. Information, preparation and understanding of these massive natural disasters is critical for the effective reduction in loss of life and limb. Alert level two is currently in effect for Taal, which lies only 30 miles south of the Philippine capital city of Manila.
Every home should have an emergency kit with essential survival items such as food, water and first-aid supplies that's easily transportable in the event of an evacuation. People caught indoors during an earthquake should take cover under the nearest heavy object that can provide protection from falling debris, and those outdoors should seek a spot as far away as possible from buildings, trees and power lines. Residents often have little or no warning of an impending flash flood, increasing the risk of being trapped by flood waters that cut off evacuation routes.
Residents in affected areas should always leave their homes when officials issue evacuation notices, as attempting to "ride out" a hurricane can be lethal.
If you're caught out in the open, take shelter in a ditch or the lowest lying nearby land; never try to outrace a tornado if you're in a vehicle. Over 800 people were killed by the eruption, mostly by roofs collapsing under the weight of accumulated and saturated wet ash, a hazard that was largely exacerbated by the simultaneous arrival of Typhoon Yunya. NewsletterGet the latest buzz and stay up-to-date on the programs and activities of the Office of Sen.
A handful of natural events occur on a somewhat regular or regular basis in the United States every year. Filipino students cover their heads as they 'escape to a safer ground' during an earthquake preparedness drill at a community sitting on a fault-line in Quezon city, eastern Manila, Philippines, 19 March 2014.
Six inches of moving water can knock an adult off his feet and carry him off, while just two feet of water can lift the tires of a vehicle as large as a bus from the pavement. 80 hours of disaster risk," the chairperson of the committee on education, arts, and culture said. While she feels an 80-hour subject on disaster risk is "not justified," she is not totally against it.

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