Wildfires can occur anywhere and can destroy homes, businesses, infrastructure, natural resources, and agriculture.
A wildfire is an unplanned, unwanted fire burning in a natural area, such as a forest, grassland, or prairie. Wildfires can occur at any time throughout the year, but the potential is always higher during periods with little or no rainfall, which make brush, grass, and trees dry and burn more easily. PDFHow to Prepare for a WildfireThis hazard-specific guide provides information on the basics of each hazard, how to protect yourself and your property, and what steps to take now.
NFPA provides resources through the Firewise Communities Program and Fire Adapted Communities initiative (both co-sponsored by the USDA Forest Service) to communities in high risk areas to help residents reduce their risk of wildfire damage to homes and property. When wildfires burn, it's important to know where they are in relation to your community.
On a hot summer day, when drought conditions peak, something as small as a spark from a train car's wheel striking the track can ignite a raging wildfire. As building development expands into these areas, homes and businesses may be situated in or near areas susceptible to wildfires.


Below is a map of the United States and the frequency of wildfires greater or equal to 300 acres in your county since 1994. We deliver information and knowledge through codes and standards, research, training, and education, outreach and advocacy.
The wildfire quickly spreads, consuming the thick, dried-out vegetation and almost everything else in its path. Wildfires can start from natural causes, such as lightning, but most are caused by humans, either accidentally—from cigarettes, campfires, or outdoor burning—or intentionally.
In recent years, wildfires have burned up to 9 million acres (3.6 million hectares) of land. This document also includes fillable wallet-sized cards—simply type in your information for your family and other important contacts and then print them.
The second highest frequency of wildfires (21-100) occurred in the same Western states, but more evenly distributed, with the addition of most of Wyoming and a few counties within North Dakota, South Dakota, Minnesota, Nebraska, Texas, Oklahoma, Missouri, Arkansas, Mississippi, Kentucky, Tennessee, Georgia, Florida, and Hawaii. Lightning, burning campfires or cigarettes, hot winds, and even the sun can all provide sufficient heat to spark a wildfire.Although four out of five wildfires are started by people, nature is usually more than happy to help fan the flames.


In California wildfires are often made worse by the hot, dry Santa Ana winds, which can carry a spark for miles.Firefighters fight wildfires by depriving them of one or more of the fire triangle fundamentals.
Firefighters also fight wildfires by deliberately starting fires in a process called controlled burning.
These prescribed fires remove undergrowth, brush, and ground litter from a forest, depriving a wildfire of fuel.Although often harmful and destructive to humans, naturally occurring wildfires play an integral role in nature.
And by burning through thick canopies and brushy undergrowth, wildfires allow sunlight to reach the forest floor, enabling a new generation of seedlings to grow.



Us map with rivers and mountain ranges
Ready gov thunderstorms


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