Until the early 1950s, tropical storms and hurricanes were tracked by year and the order in which they occurred during that year.
In 1953, the United States began using female names for storms and, by 1978, both male and female names were used to identify Northern Pacific storms. For a complete list of upcoming and retired storm names, visit the National Weather Service website. The New England Hurricane of 1938 is reported to have the fastest forward speed for a hurricane at 70 mph.
Hurricanes can cause billions of dollars worth of property damage ever year to man-made fixtures as well as to natural surroundings such as trees and shrubbery.
These storms can also change an area's landscape; resulting in hills, roads and trails to wash away.
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NOAA's National Ocean Service (NOS) brings a wealth of coastal science, management, and operational expertise to aid communities impacted by hurricanes in their recovery.
NOAA’s Disaster Response Center (DRC) enhances capacity to prepare for and respond to disasters. This website provides a synopsis of near real-time ocean and weather observations at specific water-level gauge locations affected by a tropical storm. Immediately following a hurricane, the Office of Coast Survey provides emergency hydrographic services for affected port areas.
This web application allows emergency responders and the public to quickly access images of disaster-impacted areas collected by NOAA aircraft using standard web browsers, iOS, or Android mobile devices.
After a hurricane, the Office of Response and Restoration (OR&R) provides scientific support to hazardous materials response efforts in coastal areas.
The Environmental Response Management Application (ERMA®) is an online mapping tool that integrates both static and real-time data, such as Environmental Sensitivity Index (ESI) maps, ship locations, weather, and ocean currents, in a centralized, easy-to-use format for environmental responders and decision makers. The Office of Response and Restoration’s Environmental Response Management Application (ERMA®) integrates static and real-time data for science based decisions in one common operational picture for emergency response.
NOAA's Digital Coastal is an online access point for much of NOAA's data and tools that aid in hurricane recovery such as LIDAR data, coastal socio-economic and land use change data, Sea Level Rise and Coastal Flooding Impacts Viewer, and Environmental Sensitivity Index (ESI) maps. The Office for Coastal Management provides assistance in long-term recovery planning in areas impacted by a hurricane.
The Historical Hurricane Tracks tool allows users to track local historical storm activity, review specific storm tracks, and obtain information about a particular storm's landfall. The only difference between a hurricane, a cyclone, and a typhoon is the location where the storm occurs. Los Angeles is prone to 13 of 16 possible federally-identified natural and man-made threats.
The many fault systems running throughout the Los Angeles area can lead to earthquakes of all types and sizes.
Unpredictable wind conditions in Los Angeles can cause dense brush and dry hillsides and canyons. Hurricanes are powerful tropical storms that form in the southern Atlantic Ocean, Caribbean Sea, Gulf of Mexico and the eastern Pacific Ocean. Acts of terrorism can manifest themselves in the form of assassinations, kidnappings, hijackings, bomb scares and bombings, cyber attacks (computer-based crimes), the use of chemical, biological, nuclear and radiological weapons and threats of terrorism itself. The NTAS recognizes that Americans all share responsibility for the nation's security, and should always be aware of the heightened risk of a terrorist attack in the United States and what they should do. There are also many things in our environment that can be harmful such as chemicals, fumes, viruses and bacteria. Over time, it was learned that the use of short, easily remembered names in written as well as spoken communications is quicker and reduces confusion when two or more tropical storms occur at the same time. NOAA tide tables have been in production for 150 years and are used by both commercial and recreational mariners for safe navigation.

NOS is on the front lines to help America understand, predict, and respond to the challenges facing our oceans and coasts. The DRC brings together NOAA-wide resources to prepare federal, state, and local decision makers for a variety of hazards and threats. Collected real-time environmental information helps coastal authorities prepare for, mitigate, and respond to storm tides and coastal flooding. Of special concern is assessing the risk to human health of eating fish and shellfish and ensuring seafood safety. Following a hurricane, the Office for Coastal Management provides the satellite and aerial images needed to generate maps that help officials understand the long-term effects of the hurricane. Staff may assist in the development of coastal project plans, coordinate with other federal and state organizations involved in recovery planning, and assist with the design and implementation of activities to involve local communities in planning for their own long-term recovery.
Los Angeles is particularly vulnerable to the destructive affects wildfires, flooding, mudslides and earthquakes.
Many of the buildings have been retrofitted to withstand severe shaking, but you could still face many hazards and dangers.
Cooking, careless smoking, arson and faulty heating are often the cause of fires in the home. This can create problems when major thunderstorms, high winds and other bad weather strike. Most common during severe storms, earthquakes, volcanoes and wildfires, landslides can cause injury or even death. Its spinning, funnel-shaped cloud extends up from the ground with winds that can flatten houses, commercial buildings and telephone lines.
A tsunami can move hundreds of miles per hour in the open ocean and smash into land with waves as high as 100 feet or more. This new system will more effectively communicate information about terrorist threats by providing timely, detailed information to the public, government agencies, first responders, the private sector and airports and other transportation hubs. These hackers and spammers use computer viruses and other elaborate tactics that affect everything from personal computers to huge corporate and government network systems. Cybercrimes against government: These are crimes committed by individuals and groups to threaten international governments and subsequently terrorize the citizens of a country. Public health threats are caused by disease outbreaks, natural disasters, hazardous accidents and terrorist attacks.
In the past, confusion and false rumors resulted when storm advisories broadcast from radio stations were mistaken for warnings concerning an entirely different storm located hundreds of miles away. For Atlantic hurricanes, there is a list of male and female names which are used on a six-year rotation. The following is a compilation of NOS's roles and responsibilities related to preparedness, response, and recovery before, during, and after a hurricane.
The DRC hosts trainings, drills, and workshops to help Gulf communities prepare for storms while enhancing NOAA’s coordination and emergency planning to conduct an organized and effective response. NOS also regularly updates Storm QuickLook, an online compilation of ocean and weather observations within a coastal area. These mobile emergency response units use echo sounders to check for submerged obstructions that pose hazards to vessels, collect data to update nautical charts, and provide mapping support. OR&R also provides guidance on marine debris and vessel salvage, conducts shoreline cleanup assessments, collects information to understand natural resource impacts from spills in affected areas, and works to assess and restore resources injured by spills.
Because of the many threats that Los Angeles faces, the importance of readiness as a city and for residents cannot be overstated. Geological Survey (USGS) is the leading agency that provides the public and policymakers with a clear understanding of natural hazards and provides comprehensive real-time earthquake monitoring.
Many fire-related deaths and damages are avoidable with a proper smoke alarm system or residential sprinklers. LAFD inspectors work with homeowners and business executives to ensure that the LAFD Fire Code is followed.

These fires can move at incredible speeds and their heat can quickly rise to thousands of degrees. Flooding can quickly occur in the mountain passes and valleys, and mudslides are common on hillsides with very little vegetation. Winter storms can result in flooding, storm surge, closed highways, blocked roads and downed power lines. Debris and mud flows, (which are rivers of rock, earth and other debris saturated with water) can occur following heavy rain. Powered by heat from the sea, they are steered erratically by the easterly trade winds and the temperate westerly winds, as well as by their own energy. If intelligence officials determine that the threat rises above that baseline, the public will be notified that there is an elevated risk of attack using Facebook, Twitter or through email subscriber alerts. In these cases, the Los Angeles County Department of Public Health will issue an advisory instructing residents of steps and precautions they can take to protect their health and safety. The only time that there is a change is if a storm is so deadly or costly that the future use of its name on a different storm would be inappropriate. Directly georeferenced-imagery data are collected, rapidly processed, and made available via open-source Geographic Information Systems (GIS).
Part of disaster preparedness is being aware of the kinds of hazards and disasters you might be subject to living in as a Los Angeles resident. One of the best ways to keep these fires a safe distance from your home is to make sure that nearby brush is cleared away, according to city and county regulations. Southern California’s dry rivers, creek beds and deep slot canyons can be especially dangerous for those caught by a rapidly moving flash flood. As they move ashore, they bring with them a storm surge of ocean water along the coastline, high winds, tornadoes, torrential rains and flooding. In the event that more than twenty-one named tropical cyclones occur in a season, any additional storms will take names from the Greek alphabet. These data and images provide emergency and coastal managers with information needed to develop recovery strategies, facilitate search and rescue efforts, identify hazards to navigation and HAZMAT spills, locate errant vessels, and provide documentation necessary for damage assessment through the comparison of before-and-after imagery. All homes should be equipped with properly maintained smoke detectors and a fire extinguisher that you have been trained to use.
While Southern California is usually warm and sunny, temperatures in our nearby mountains and even the deserts can drop dramatically. Images are also available to view and download by the general public as a tool to assess impacts to their homes and community.
Without proper heating, some homes within the city can become dangerously cold in the winter, especially for the ill and elderly.
Even if it’s not directly underneath or above you, it can quickly affect any area close by.
The whole system of clouds and wind spins and grows, fed by the ocean’s heat and water evaporating from the surface. They also can travel several miles from their source, growing in size as they pick up trees, boulders, cars, and other materials. Of these five, two will be major hurricanes measuring a category 3 or higher (defined as having winds above 111 miles per hour) on the Saffir-Simpson Scale. When incidents occur in the home, seek medical attention as soon as possible.The Los Angeles County Department of Public Health has a Poison Control Hotline at (800) 222-1222 if you have specific questions about hazardous substances in the home. These storms can end up costing our nation millions, if not billions, of dollars in damages. It is important to follow the course of the storm to know whether to evacuate or remain inside to wait for it to pass.

Emergency response crisis management plan
Wildfire safety procedures
Emp disaster preparedness


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