During this session, presentations and discussions on satellite communications services, namely satellite phones, Very Small Aperture Terminals (VSATs), and Broadband Global Area Networks (BGANs) for emergency telecommunications were held by the service providers and technology developers.
Communication and dissemination of this information in order to provide coordination centers with an accurate situation overview (i.e. Earlier works have already described concepts for and advantages of IT-supported MCI management, which can be applied not only to operations in the field, but also to emergency rooms of hospitals. User terminals are designed primarily for regular rescue services, so that in case of a disaster they are instantly available.
Figure 3: e-Triage communication suitcase (on-site emergency communications equipment, OSECE) consisting of an Inmarsat BGAN satellite terminal, a GSM pico cell, and a WLAN router (9).
An electronic registration system for MCIs requires wireless communication services, and since local infrastructures may not exist at all or can be destroyed, it is of paramount importance that at least a temporary communication system is set up. A second more powerful OSECE system is currently under development for use in mobile coordination centers, which is based on a commercial Very Small Aperture Terminal (VSAT) satellite system and which offers more capacity and wider terrestrial coverage. WLAN: Data communication as well as Voice over IP (VoIP) calls can be provided by WLAN access points.
DECT: Digital Enhanced Cordless Telecommunications (DECT) is suitable for voice communication in vicinity of the local coordination center. Public safety communication means in most cases voice communication (group calls) using dedicated PMR networks, which are designed for closed user groups with partly specific confidentiality requirements. Societe europeenne des satellites’s (SES) global satellite capacities for satellite based broadband internet connectivity. Under the coordination of the Luxembourg Ministry of Foreign Affairs (Directorate for Development Cooperation and Humanitarian Action ), Emergency.lu has been established as a public private partnership with the objective to satisfy the telecommunication needs of the international humanitarian community in the immediate aftermath of a natural disaster. The Haiti crisis has drastically shown also that for such a large crisis the deployment of a central communication point is not enough as the help will be spread along all the theatre of operations.
Similar to the OSI layers, these layers provide different levels of abstraction, from the satellite telecommunication to the final delivery of a service to experts and other users. From a satellite connectivity perspective, the teleports hosting the hubs are selected to enable up-linking to a designated subset of SES satellites that will provide a true global coverage.
Voice communication using SIP based Voice over IP communication: Each Service Hosting is implementing an IPBX with dedicated connection to PSTN and offering a link to small IPBX implemented into the NoSaCo terminals. The Directory Service is managing the contact information that is used for voice communication as well as an inventory of devices or components and their logical organisation. The Management Service is finally the back end component that is taking care of tracking the other middleware nodes, the auto-configuration and the security of the information.
To ensure a convenient user experience, all services are using a self-discovery concept via IP multicast mechanisms and are directly managing their communication and synchronisation without any intervention from the users. Although LAA has over 20 years experience in supporting disaster relief and humanitarian missions with fixed wing and rotor wing aircrafts as well as medical teams, this more global approach requires an impeccable planning involving all the partners.
It is very important to point out that the Emergency.lu solution is not intending to replace any existing mechanism or intervention teams, but that it should be seen as a valuable and helpful support. Once the system is deployed, it can be decided either to dissolve the unit and return to Luxembourg with the equipments, or one can consider building a more permanent communication infrastructure, potentially through an increased amount of NoSaCo units.
Flooding in Benin, Earthquake in Haiti, Cyclone Mick swept over Fiji's main island: humanitarian aid and emergency relief teams are more and more in need of a structured, secure information flow through all phases of the disaster management cycle. As the Greek philosopher Platon has astutely observed, “the beginning is the most important part of the work”.


Due to integrated function of Unified Communication and Collaboration (UCC), PLATON users can access all means of communication via their PLATON desktop client, i.e. In particular this applies to local disaster situations where specialists are not available on site. In a disaster situation the human resources are very likely to be limited and helpful information has to be up-to-date at any location. Health care training modes can be classified in terms of asynchronous or synchronous education - terms borrowed from communication technology.
WorldSpace pioneered a satellite radio system in the 1990s to carry to broadcast quality digital audio directly to compact, portable receivers. Access Service Systems Laboratories are working on R&D to help to create and enlarge a new access service and a high-speed access network infrastructure that will ensure ubiquitous broadband communication.
Because of portability of terminals, flexibility in installation, and cost effectiveness, wireless technology is extremely important in providing a broad range of services. Nevertheless, the main drawback is that information about affected persons remains among the persons themselves, making disaster management considerably more difficult. Although earlier and other current works have studied single components of electronic MCI management, a unique feature of e-Triage is that for the first time a coherent overall concept consisting of mobile devices, communication infrastructure, and data management is under development.
Introducing data communication to public safety requires appropriate preparation, which means that one may not rely on the availability of public (commercial) terrestrial networks only.
This initiative is intended to bring added humanitarian value through faster and more reliable telecommunication services in the first few hours following a natural disaster, a segment of emergency relief still insufficiently covered today. This distributed architecture allows an advanced management of the resilience, security and quality of service, ensuring that the local collection and access to information is still possible even when no communication to the Service Hosting is possible.
With the similarity to the OSI Layer representation, the Satellite communication layer can be compared with the physical layer.
As presented in Figure 3, three hubs geographically distributed over the world give access to enough satellite beams from SES fleet in order to provide both C and Ku band global coverage. Furthermore, relying on a single satellite operator also brings economy of scale and allows for easy management of a global satellite service through a single interface. Furthermore, the Internet connectivity allows the establishment of VPN (Virtual Private Network) connections and dedicated QoS (Quality of Service) for remote crisis centers, NGO headquarters or any other management entities. World Bank Organised Seminar on Disaster Risk Management in the Information Age Washington DC ,Oct. Includes Early Warning Systems and evacuation Response - actions taken to save lives and prevent property damage and to preserve the environment during emergencies or disasters, in the immediate aftermath.
Our wide range of R&D topics includes an enhanced optical access system, which will enable us to realize a high-speed optical service, the enhancement of the system that helps spread the optical service, technical inspection including effective service delivery, the maintenance and operation of various optical broadband services, the development of optical fiber cable that is easy and convenient for everyone to use, the provision of flexible and seamless wireless access and communication infrastructure equipment such as underground conduits and cable tunnels. In addition, we are working on technology to provide a broad range of values of quality (QoS) using bandwidth control, and on a new service that will carry multi-channel videos and IP communication signals on a single optical fiber.
We are also working very actively on operation and management support systems, to achieve the efficient operation, management and maintenance of widespread and extensive optical facilities, so that these will serve as a highly reliable social infrastructure and provide stable quality while requiring a minimum of human intervention and maintenance cost.
With our satellite-based communication facilities flexible data services can be provided plus the possibility to quickly establish point-to-point telephone services in case of extreme disasters. Not to blame anybody, but precious time was lost in Haiti because the necessary tools for quick and reliable communication were not in place in order to coordinate and deploy USAR teams as they arrived. Once the communication is restored, synchronisation processes are sharing automatically the information with other SPoP and in the Service Hosting.


The virtual “Task Force Disaster“ team can effectively support the local team via video, voice, chat and data.
An unknown and unpredictable phenomenon that causes an event to result one way rather than another* Disaster 1 .
In addition, the Laboratories are working on a new service that will deliver multi-channel videos and IP communication signals over a single optical fiber. Arriving triage and medical rescue teams have to be able to start working immediately without having to wait for the communication infrastructure to be set up. The idea of backhauling terrestrial cellular networks via a long-haul satellite link is not new and commercial products already exist.
Klinker, “Hybrid approach for management of patient-related information in mass casualty incidents,” Technische Universitat Munchen, Technical Report, Oct.
Werner, “Portable satellite backhauling solution for emergency communications,” in Proceedings 5th Advanced Satellite Multimedia Systems (ASMS) Conference and 11th Signal Processing for Space Communications (SPSC) Workshop, Cagliari, Sardinia, Italy, Sep. Here Emergency.lu is providing an approach creating broadband communication and additionally offering a set of services that can be directly used by the experts. In addition, QoS management and TCP optimization will guarantee a good service experience to the end user. The direct advantage of this distribution is the possibility for the service to work whenever the satellite connectivity is present or not. In addition, it is important that we maintain the access network equipment, which is expanding massively with a broad range.
All team members have received in depth crisis management education and have experience in disaster relief missions. This effect implies an additional problem, namely a saturation of the geographically nearest hospitals, which very often do not have a communication return channel to coordination centers. The main objective of this article is to describe the e Triage approach (6), which is a research project funded by the German Federal Ministry of Education and Research and which consists of four main elements: autonomous communication infrastructure, electronic data recording, a distributed database system (7), and psychological acceptance research. Muhammad, “Performance of database synchronization via satellite,” in Proceedings 5th Advanced Satellite Multimedia Systems (ASMS) Conference and 11th Signal Processing for Space Communications (SPSC) Workshop, Cagliari, Sardinia, Italy, Sep. The physicians’ and specialists’ competences can be virtualized and provided in any location, thus easing the communication and saving time and money. Thus, the underlying storage technology will be a distributed database system (DDBS), which has to cope with a variety of different communication technologies, including terrestrial wireless and satellite links with different bandwidths. In more details, the e-Triage system comprises a satellite-based communication system with terrestrial radio cells that can be installed in the field, matching end devices with dedicated application software for the registration of victims, and a distributed, self-synchronizing database system guaranteeing maximal availability without a single point of failure.
The basic design goal is that the complete on-site emergency communications equipment (OSECE) fits into a hand-luggage size suitcase. The chosen satellite technology is Inmarsat BGAN, which is globally available but offers limited bandwidth only, and the resulting suitcase prototype is 56cm x 35cm x 23cm, including a battery pack for a few hours runtime (9). Nodes of this DDBS are installed in all mobile user terminals (tablet-PCs), at communication nodes (OSECEs), and in the remote area. The BGAN terminal itself needs only to be taken out of the suitcase, and the antenna can be easily pointed to the satellite within a few minutes.



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Emergency compliment website


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