For an explanation of why the all of the nuclear weapons so far tested above ground have been suppressed-EMP weapons, and the ease with which those weapons could have been made into enhanced-EMP weapons, see the first half of the web page on Super-EMP Weapons.
As the above report points out, even if power grid transformers survive an EMP attack, the power grid is extremely vulnerable to EMP and other attacks because of control and monitoring devices called SCADAs, which would be easily knocked out even with a relatively small weapon. For more information about super-EMP weapons (including why all nuclear weapons tested above ground, including the Starfish Prime test, were actually suppressed-EMP weapons), see the Super-EMP page. There is a comprehensive and well-referenced page at this site with extensive details about the 1962 Soviet nuclear EMP tests over Kazakhstan, which resulted in extensive damage to the electrical and communications infrastructure. This chapter prescribes active and passive protection measures that will avoid or reduce the effects of NBC weapons.
This section describes the characteristics of nuclear explosions and their effects on soldiers, equipment, and supplies, and gives hasty measures for protection against nuclear attacks. It comes from the radioactive material originally in a nuclear weapon or from material, such as soil and equipment, made radioactive by the nuclear explosion. It is created the instant a nuclear detonation occurs and is transmitted at the speed of light in all directions. The duty uniform and gloves protect you against bites from insects such as mosquitoes and ticks that may carry disease-causing germs. Equipment can be protected by disconnecting it from its power source and placing it in or behind some type of shielding material (armored vehicle or dirt wall) out of the line of sight to the burst.
The company that built the facility isn't disclosing exactly how the data center was constructed or what materials were used.
There are other data centers that protect against electromagnetic pulses, which can be generated by solar storms or high-altitude nuclear blasts. But there's been little discussion, overall, about whether EMP protection should be a standard risk mitigation feature in data centers. EMP protection can be built into a data center at very little additional cost, said Kris Domich, president of Cyber Innovation Labs - Professional Services (CIL).
Domich said the idea for the EMP-resistant data center came from a customer, an insurer, that wanted to protect its data from electromagnetic pulses.

Lee Kirby, CTO of the Uptime Institute, a data center advisory and research group, said that EMP risks are not high on the list of things that data center managers worry about.
There have been a number of government reports, as well as congressional hearings, detailing the threats posed by EMPs. A nuclear blast 60 miles up in the atmosphere could expose about 1.5 million square miles of territory to EMP impacts that could, among other things, knock out SCADA systems that help run the infrastructure of electric and water utilities and oil and gas pipeline systems.
EMPs send out a pulse of energy that can short-circuit electronics in everything from cellphones and computers in cars to enterprise networks. Both the United States and the Soviet Union detonated EMP-generating nuclear weapons tests in space during the darkest days of the Cuban Missile Crisis, when the world was already on the brink of nuclear war. For a shorter summary, the comments of the chairman of the EMP Commission, made when the report above was delivered to the U.S. Another page on EMP explains the critical difference between the E1, E2 and E3 components of nuclear EMP. The exposure of the human body to nuclear radiation causes damage to the cells in all parts of the body.
Contaminated areas should be either bypassed or, when protective equipment is worn, crossed. If in a contaminated area and the victim is wearing the protective mask, insert the crushed ampules inside the protective mask. But broadly, it did say that the structure has an inner skin and an outer skin that use a combination of thicknesses and metals to provide EMP protection. The company is the founding member of EMP Grid Services, a recently formed company responsible for the EMP-ready data center in Boyers, Pa. The idea that an EMP could be generated by a terrorist-sponsored nuclear blast is getting more attention, particularly because of concerns about North Korea and Iran. EMP-generating devices are not necessarily nuclear, and they can be built with over-the-counter parts.
But there is no action plan, and the need for EMP protection sits lower on the list of public-sector priorities than increasingly costly infrastructure projects, such as efforts to repair or replace aging bridges, roads and water lines.

House bill, the Critical Infrastructure Protection Act (HR 3410), requires the government to give more attention to EMP disaster planning and to "proactively educate" the owners of critical infrastructure about the threat of electromagnetic pulses. In the United States, the Nuclear Regulatory Commission is finally addressing the dangers to nuclear power plants that would result from a long-term loss of the power grid.
Another good report on the nuclear EMP problem is this report on Electromagnetic Pulse Threats in 2010 released by the United States Air Force (originally released in 2005).
Also at this site, there is a very important page on common EMP Myths, which cause an enormous amount of confusion. The best hasty protection against a nuclear attack is to take cover behind a hill or in a fighting position, culvert, or ditch.
If no warning is received prior to a detonation, there is no effective means of protecting operating equipment. A page has been developed about the things that individuals can do to help protect themselves against the EMP threat -- and there is much that individuals can do. For a discussion of some of the problems in correlating the results of EMP simulator testing to the actual results seen in the 1962 high altitude nuclear tests, see this transcript of a House Armed Services Committee discussion between congressmen and physicists. Nuclear, biological, and chemical (NBC) weapons can cause casualties, destroy or disable equipment, restrict the use of terrain, and disrupt operations. The best local defense against biological warfare is strict preventive medical and sanitation measures and high standards of personal hygiene. Protective clothing includes the mask with hood, the chemical protective suit (overgarment), boots, and gloves.

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  1. 25.09.2014 at 21:46:55

    Same sort of electromagnetic pulse to effectively blast.

    Author: LINKINPARK
  2. 25.09.2014 at 19:41:33

    To guide builders and home owners women, schools and organizations in earthquake regions are eMP.

    Author: VORON