Agencies across all levels of governance apply the same practices to their emergency plans. At the local level, cities and counties operate their emergency plans following the guidelines of the federal and state governments. While local governments have emergency management plans in place to support agencies at federal and state levels, these plans also serve as a direct point of contact for citizens in every municipality. According to their website, after a disaster, the division conducts damage assessment surveys and advises the governor on whether to declare an emergency and seek federal relief funds. Every year, there are alert systems and organizational plans that are developed and implemented to keep the public abreast during natural disasters and other catastrophic events. This overview explores how both local and state governments provide their citizens with emergencies plans under the umbrella of crisis management.
Here we are, so diligently putting away food, storing water and purchasing gear when perhaps one of the most important aspects of emergency and crisis planning has to do with having a plan to get in touch with family members and loved ones after disaster strikes. This exceptionally comprehensive essential checklist for emergency preparedness should be a crucial assist in your emergency, survival and outdoor adventure planning – study it carefully! For most people planning for emergencies is similar to planning for a camping trip or any other outdoor adventure where the normal conveniences of home are not available. Although this list is an authoritative and comprehensive compilation of crucial supplies for emergency preparedness and outdoor adventure, these suggestions focus on basic necessities, and are not intended to be an exhaustive and detailed list of all choices, as each person or group has their own special requirements and needs.
Be clear about the time factors, persons involved, and situations that you anticipate will occur in an emergency or an outdoor experience. As a complement to this checklist I highly recommend answering the questions in: The 12 Crucial Questions of Preparedness Planning article. It is essential to be kept informed during an emergency with friends, family, and appropriate governmental agencies and emergency organizations.
Numerous unforeseen situations or just routine conditions occur during an emergency or during an outdoor adventure. While there are numerous options to choose from in each category, use this guideline of essentials to ensure you have evaluated all the possibilities given the scenarios and circumstances for which you are preparing and provisioning, whether for preparedness planning or outdoor adventuring.

Items with a double asterisk ** indicates items for your bag whose quantity will depend on the length of your anticipated emergency scenario. Not only for a sense of security and comfort, but to be able to see clearly and act accordingly if emergencies happen in the dark. Researching reliable and trustworthy information sources is a vital component to preparedness and outdoor survival planning. Differences and variations will generally depend upon the severity and length of time you anticipate for your emergency scenario. Check with your city or county to see if there is a Community Emergency Response Team (CERT) in your area.
Find out if your home or business is at risk for earthquakes, tsunamis, and related hazards.
Select a safe place outside of your home to meet your family or housemates after the shaking. The Genesee County Health Department wants you to have a plan to protect your employees, lessen the impact of the emergency on your business and remain open or re-open quickly. What should we take away from this is that the state’s Division of Emergency Management plans for and responds to both natural and man-made disasters.
The time to think about a potential natural disaster is not when they are imminent, but beforehand, when there is still time to work out a plan. Division staff members provide technical assistance to local governments as they prepare emergency plans and procedures.
Below you will find ten easy steps for creating a family emergency plan as well as on online tool to get you started.
If you must relocate and plan on cooking or heating water, consider lighter weight and efficient equipment. When it comes to evacuation routes, check with your local county or city preparedness office or call and find out what their plans are since THEY will be the ones determining which roads are used as evacuation routes and which will not.
This category must be accessed carefully depending upon the length of time of the emergency or outing, and severity of circumstances you anticipate might occur.

The equipment to include in your emergency kit or camping supplies list will be very comparable. Long term emergencies and outdoor explorations will require, in addition to this list, more extensive planning and provisioning. Before the next earthquake, get together with your family or housemates to plan now what each person will do before, during and after. Whether your community is prone to hurricanes, floods, fires, or winter storms some planning will go a long way to being prepared. The division prepares and implements a statewide comprehensive emergency management plan and routinely conducts extensive exercises to test state and county emergency response capabilities. Important Note: In many areas, the State, County or City emergency evacuation plan takes precedence over any school preparedness plan. When your health and survival during a medical emergency is at stake, you don’t want to rely on cheap or inadequate medical supplies. Individuals should be aware of the nearest emergency facilities and there areas emergency plans and procedures. Many of these items will be essential for bartering if supplies are exhausted and the emergency you are preparing for is long term.
Whatever you do, do not fall prey to rip-off artists who will want to charge your hundreds, if not thousands of dollars to prepare a Family Emergency Plan for you. The biggest difference is determining whether to plan for being away from home or in your own residence – or perhaps both.
Establishing family communication and reunion plans is also essential for security and peace of mind. For this reason, there is a simple philosophy and that is the personal emergency preparedness plan (PEP), aka Family Disaster Plan.

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