Over 500,000 people were injured by the tsunami, with a further 150,000 at risk from infectious diseases in the aftermath.
Along with the dead, thousands more remain missing 10 years on from the disaster.Getty ImagesThe global response to the tsunami was unprecedented, with billions raised shortly after the disaster.
These other countries included Sri Lanka, India, Malaysia, Thailand, Myanmar, the Maldives, Seychelles, Somalia, Tanzania and South Africa. When a tsunami hits it is important for people to remember that the danger may not have passed with the first wave or two. The Indian ocean tsunami travelled as far as 3,000 miles to Africa where the force of the waves were still strong enough to destroy properties and take the lives of many people.The earthquake - induced tsunami killed 155,000 people and injured another 500,000. These were India, Indonesia, Malaysia, the Maldives, Myanmar, Somalia, Sri Lanka, Thailand, Bangladesh, South Africa, Madagascar, Kenya, Tanzania and the Seychelles. Waves of up to 15m hit the coastlines of Sumatra, Thailand, India and Sri Lanka, with another report saying the tsunami reached up to 30m in some areas.
Thailand was hit around two hours later despite the fact that it was closer to the epicentre The reason for this is because the water was more shallow in the Andaman Sea, which is off the western coast.


The tsunami was travelling with so much energy it went as far as 5,000km to Africa, where it still had enough force to destroy property and kill people. Teletsunami: A tsunami which causes damage a long distance away from the source has been given the name ‘teletsunami’. The best defense against any tsunami is early warning that allows people to seek higher ground. Tsunami waves are caused by large underwater earthquakes where there are tectonic plate boundaries. This gives people little time to escape the wrath of the tsunami; however the warning can save lives. When the pressure of the tectonic plate at the ocean floor releases pressure, it causes the water above to create a series of rolling waves which will build up to cause more turbulent and fast moving waves. Tsunamis can cause economic decline as they have to spend a lot of money rebuilding the houses and restoring the original landscape. One of the most well known and recent incidence of a tsunami was in Indonesia, on the 26th of December 2004.


Due to the distances involved, the disastrous tsunami took between fifteen minutes and seven hours to reach the all the different coastlines. The earthquake which caused the tsunami affected many countries even beyond Southeast Asia. On December 6th, 2004 an earthquake in the Indian Ocean caused a tsunami to collide with Thailand's coast.
These types of tsunamis are not produced by horizontal motions, but by vertical motions in the seabed.
When it reaches the shore, it produces what is described as the ‘vacuum effect’, which sucks the coastal water into the sea and gives the opposite effect of a tsunami. A 9.3 magnitude earthquake triggered a series of giant tsunamis along the coasts of most landmasses that bordered the Indian Ocean.



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Comments

  1. 29.12.2013 at 13:34:52


    Phone lines continued to function, though.

    Author: BOP_B_3AKOHE
  2. 29.12.2013 at 20:49:20


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    Author: Sprinter