Hurricanes generally form, travel and dissipate between the 10 and 30 degree marks north of the equator. Most of the damage is done by the incredibly strong and persistent winds, whipped up by the Coriolis Effect that causes the hurricane to spin but the extreme low pressure, sometimes down as low as 870mbar, causes a storm surge as the water under the hurricane rises to fill the void caused by the low pressure. Hurricane Katrina may have been the most infamous hurricane of recent times, killing hundreds in its path but Hurricane Sandy is likely to supplant it in many people’s minds.
If you’re planning a holiday in the Caribbean or along the eastern seaboard of the United States between June and November, you will need to be aware that this is the hurricane season.
For over half a century, scientists have been able to predict where hurricanes will form and even have a good idea of their direction and travel time; plenty of information for people to evacuate danger zones or to work on protecting property. Hurricane Sandy may be a surprise and unwelcome visitor to New York but you can at least be reassured it won’t happen too often!
There’s a strict naming procedure with six rotating lists of A-Z names, once only female, now three of each. HURRICANE Gonzalo is a dangerous Category 4 storm that has formed across the north Atlantic ocean. Hurricane Sandy, a late-season post-tropical cyclone, swept through the Caribbean and up the East Coast of the United States in late October 2012.
The warning period is often sufficient for travellers to make other plans so whilst disruption is caused, at least it doesn’t come as a surprise.
Records show that only 1 in 7 hurricanes ever break out of this range because of the Coriolis Effect caused by the earth’s rotation.

29), it was the lowest barometric reading ever recorded for an Atlantic storm to make landfall north of Cape Hatteras, N.C. He gave brief non-political remarks and spent less than an hour collecting hurricane relief donations and loading them into a truck. It’s estimated that only 1 in 100 make it as far north as Hurricane Sandy has and when they do, the remains can blow across the Atlantic towards the UK as happened in 1987 with devastating results. One person died in Canada, and at least 67 people were killed in the Caribbean, including 54 in Haiti. Airlines, which had canceled more than 15,000 flights around the world, were returning to normal schedules. That’s roughly between the north coast of Venezuela and the northern coast of the Gulf of Mexico. However, the most damage ever caused by a hurricane is attributed to an unnamed one that hit Miami in 1926 causing an estimated US$157bn of damage that crippled the Florida economy for the best part of the following decade. It’s exclusively between those dates as a hurricane needs very warm water to form and prior to June and after November, sea temperatures are too cool. Sandy will end up causing about $20 billion in property damage and $10 billion to $30 billion more in lost business, making it one of the costliest natural disasters on record in the United States, according to IHS Global Insight, a forecasting firm. The water inundated tunnels, subway stations and the electrical system that powers Wall Street and sent hospital patients and tourists scrambling for safety. It quickly developed, becoming a tropical depression and then a tropical storm in just six hours.

31 to inspect the devastation, flying over flooded neighborhoods along the New Jersey coastline. Streets were flooded, trees and power lines knocked down and the city's famed boardwalk was ripped apart.
At one point, Sandy's hurricane-force winds (at least 74 mph) extended up to 175 miles (280 kilometers) from its center and tropical storm-force winds (39 mph) out to 485 miles (780 km). Even so, according to the NHC, Sandy was still only the second-largest Atlantic tropical cyclone on record. After leaving that island, the storm gained strength over open water and became a Category 2.
Along the Jersey shore, people were left stranded in their homes and waited for rescue teams in boats to rescue them. Hurricane Olga, another late-in-the-year storm, set the record in 2001, with tropical-force winds extending 600 miles (965 km).
27, then gained strength again to become a Category 1 hurricane before turning north toward the U.S.

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