The Ontario Mass Evacuation Plan is a supporting plan to the Provincial Emergency Response Plan (PERP). This plan is for Ontario’s far north, encompassing municipalities, unorganized territories2 and First Nation communities. The far north is subject to several hazards covered under Ontario’s Hazard Identification and Risk Assessment. Emergency information needs to be coordinated among the affected communities, province, and federal government. Medevac is used for those individuals receiving home care or residing in a health-care facility in the evacuating community that qualify for medical transfer as per the Ambulance Act (evacuation by emergency medical services (EMS) or Ornge). This stage is typically orchestrated through the existing health procedures used in the community. The evacuated community will take the lead for communicating re-entry procedures, with assistance from partners as required. Emergency responders may require personal protective equipment, as responder safety will be critical. This plan supports the agreement between the Governments of Ontario and Canada (through the Department of Aboriginal Affairs and Northern Development Canada) to provide emergency response support to First Nation communities in the province. The Far North of Ontario spans the width of the province, from Manitoba in the west, to James Bay and Quebec in the east. Potential threats to the communities and emergency responders are critical in determining the urgency of the evacuation and for planning resource mobilization. OIC ministries are responsible for assessing the threat for the types of emergencies they have been assigned.
Initiating media contacts or directing the appropriate position to do this according to established plans and procedures (e.g.


The Quick Reference Guide is a condensed version of the Ontario Mass Evacuation Plan Part 1: Far North. Provincial coordination will involve the evacuating community, host communities, relevant Ontario ministries, federal departments, non-governmental organizations, and others, as required.
Determine the financial and legislative roles and responsibilities for the evacuation and comply with applicable policies, agreements, procedures, etc. OIC ministries routinely monitor conditions in the province according to their assigned type of emergency. Alerting other emergency responders in the province, including non-governmental organizations, that they may be requested to provide assistance. In addition, this plan references the Service Level Evacuation Standards1 developed by the Joint Emergency Management Steering (JEMS) Committee. Uncertainty in real-time threat assessment is unavoidable, which is why persons with appropriate knowledge of the threat causing the emergency should be involved in the assessment. Emergency information is primarily the community’s responsibility, but may be supplemented by the province according to the provisions of the Provincial Emergency Information Plan. It is a provincial coordination plan outlining how Ontario would coordinate its response and collaborate with federal and municipal governments, First Nations, non-governmental organizations, and ministry partners.
During emergencies, the PEOC links with the local community and the OIC ministry acting as provincial lead to coordinate real-time threat assessment information. Information technology in the far north is not universally accessible and may be further compromised by the nature of the emergency. This plan does not replace a community’s own emergency response plans, which should contain provisions for evacuations if they consider evacuations likely. Emergency managers must understand the makeup of the population who are to be evacuated before they can make key decisions about transportation modes, route selections, hosting destinations, and the many other elements of an evacuation.


Communities considering acting as a host community during an evacuation should identify emergency shelter facilities.
If an authorized entity decides on a partial or complete community evacuation, the community should declare an emergency. In widespread evacuations, emergency information may need to be coordinated amongst all involved partners.
The Standards provide guidance on allowable expenditures, hosting arrangements, health services, emergency social services, etc. However, the evacuation of multiple communities due to an area-wide emergency is likely to require out-of-area movements for hosting, particularly when the goal is to keep families and communities together. In addition, up-to-date contact lists should be maintained by all organizations for use in an emergency.
Emergency planners should assess proposed facilities based on location, capabilities, capacity, accessibility, and resources, as well as how they would route evacuee traffic. This plan supports the activities being undertaken related to mass evacuation planning for ministry and community emergency management programs. Details on the set-up and operation of the shelter should be provided in the community’s emergency response plan.
It draws linkages to various hazard management plans and procedures developed by ministries.



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