Once the earthquake is over, we will have to live with the risk of fire, the potential lack of utilities and basic services, and the certainty of aftershocks. Check with your city or county to see if there is a Community Emergency Response Team (CERT) in your area. Find out if your home or business is at risk for earthquakes, tsunamis, and related hazards. Once you have met your and your family's immediate needs after an earthquake, continue to follow the plan you prepared in advance (see Step 2). Use the information you put together in your disaster plan and the supplies you organized in your disaster kits. If your gas was turned off, you will need to arrange for the gas company to turn it back on. If the electricity went off and then came back on, check your appliances and electronic equipment for damage. Sleeping bags and flashlights may be quite handy in the days or weeks after a major earthquake.
Once you have recovered from the earthquake, go back to Step 1 and do the things you did not do before, or do them more thoroughly.
From time to time on Weather Wednesday we will step away from purely meteorological topics to address preparedness. 183 earthquakes of magnitude 3 or higher were reported in Oklahoma between October of 2013 and mid-April 0f 2014.  Up to 2008, the long term average was just 2 a year. Scientists are studying a possible correlation between the increasing use of deep injection wastewater wells used in connection with hydraulic fracturing in the oil and gas industry  and the increase in the frequency of earthquakes in Oklahoma and elsewhere. A consortium of organizations from earthquake prone California has a seven step preparedness guide. The Illinois Emergency Management Agency has a downloadable game that can help families learn about earthquakes together. Earthquakes can and do occur in every one of the 50 states so the current situation in Oklahoma provides an opportunity to review our personal, family, institutional and business plans. Partner with EMA (select your state and drill down to find the local office) or Public Safety department to host an earthquake drill.
The Federal Emergency Management Agency (FEMA) is working in support of the United States Agency for International Development (USAID) who is the lead federal agency when responding to international disasters. The first Catastrophic Events Team meeting was held in Memphis, TN January 26-28, 2011.  The team, supported by a special needs grant, began its work with a well-timed focus on earthquakes. The first afternoon of the team’s face-to-face meeting featured a trip to the Center for Earthquake Research and Information (CERI).
There will not be enough resources for the entire event, which will put pressure on local communities to respond and recover.
Most, if not all, state  Voluntary Organizations Active in Disaster (VOADs) do not have adequate, if any, catastrophic plans.


A more complete vision of the 15 ESFs will help Extension communicate with emergency responders. Hat’s off to the emergency managers from the eight states* who recently put together a Resource Allocation Workshop to plan for a New Madrid Seismic Zone (NMSZ) event.
As a part of the Indiana Department of Homeland Security team, we rolled up our sleeves for two-and-a-half days and met with the experts and examined the state’s resources for each of the 15 Emergency Support Functions (ESFs). While Extension could play a role in all Emergency Support Functions that would be spreading already thin resources too thin.
Observing the state, regional and national experts while they examined all 15 Emergency Support Functions showed that they have a mindset of 1) response and 2) “things.”  Maybe it was the nature of the scenario, but most of the discussions concentrated on response requirements for a major earthquake along the New Madrid fault line. Tim Prather, Tennessee Point of Contact and several other EDEN delegates are also interested in earthquakes.
Across the country, Canadians face a number of potential hazards, ranging from earthquakes, to blizzards, to hurricanes. If you are a parent, teacher or principal make sure your school and daycare providers have emergency response plans.
Before the next earthquake, get together with your family or housemates to plan now what each person will do before, during and after. The TsunamiReady program sets guidelines for adequate tsunami readiness, including the ability to receive and send out tsunami warnings, designation of tsunami hazard zones and evacuation routes, and outreach programs that address both natural and official warnings. Earthquakes can occur everywhere in California which means all Californians live with an earthquake risk. Learn from what happened during the earthquake so you will be safer and recover more quickly next time.
This week we’ll discuss one of the most basic preparedness items, a personal or family Go Kit. For long term storage the crystal clear containers hold up better, but water and food stocks should be rotated out regularly. It is important to temperate the desire to plan for all contingencies with the practical need to perhaps carry the kit for some distance. When I checked the USGS site this week, there were 935 earthquakes recorded for the past eight days in the 48 conterminous states, Alaska, Hawaii and Puerto Rico.
Youth groups can focus on science (what causes earthquakes) and staying safe during an earthquake.
The most devastating of these was the Magnitude 8.9 earthquake off the east coast of Japan on March 11. Gary Patterson, CERI Director, Education and Outreach and Brian Blake, Earthquake Program Director for the Central United States Earthquake Consortium (CUSEC) talked to us about the New Madrid Seismic Zone and the potential impact of a large earthquake or series of earthquakes along this fault line.
That become apparent at this workshop that I mentioned in the previous EDENblog.  That change in emergency management looks at the whole community as a resource. As trusted leaders, volunteers can enhance the value of correct information and efforts in an effective and motivating manner in planning for and after a catastrophic event.  And, Extension has resources to help.


Such response includes pre-scripted mission assignments for the federal and national partners. Leaders from the eight states said they are not prepared for a 7.7 magnitude earthquake in the New Madrid area. I love to say it for the first week of January each year because at that time I’m still settling back into the office routine and, while not making resolutions, reorganizing and refocusing my work efforts.
The Catastrophic Team meets late January in Memphis to begin the work of producing material for Extension educators.If you are interested in contributing ideas or content on earthquakes, please contact Tim. A few basic steps can prepare your family to face a range of emergencies – anytime, anywhere.
In addition to the shaking caused by earthquakes, other things can occur such as landslides, surface fault ruptures and liquefaction - all of which may cause injury or property damage. Those earthquakes in the conterminous (great word!) states occurred from California to Massachusetts. Adults can be shown how to taking steps to protect property and homes from an earthquake can actually be good practice for normal times.
With that move, it will be easier to post articles by guests and for readers to post comments. CUSEC is one of the sponsors for the April 28 Great Central US Shakeout. The team then began organizing nd creating mind maps for next steps. Events such as the floods of 2007 have shown us that major emergencies can happen and they have a significant impact on business. In addition, some areas within California are vulnerable to tsunamis should an earthquake occur off the coast. Their goal is to improve the nation’s preparedness through more effective collaboration with all members of the community. This workshop better enabled federal partners to hear states explain their capabilities and expectations, so that they can better plan for the provision of necessary support. All levels of government in Canada have emergency response plans in place, but it may take several days for first responders to reach you. In addition, the page provides information about tsunamis and how to prepare for them as well as what to do when a tsunami warning is sounded. It is impossible to predict everything that might happen during an emergency, but you can minimize the potential impact on your family by preparing ahead and being ready to take care of yourself and your family for at least 72 hours. One can’t help but think, what might be accomplished if we had a second workshop that focused on mitigation and preparedness for the same event. Once you know about the risks in your region, you can use free, self-help publications (produced by the Government of Canada) on preparing for those specific situations.



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