The Clackamas County Emergency Management (CCEM) Department develops, coordinates and implements a comprehensive all-hazards countywide program to minimize the impact of incidents or disasters which potentially threaten the safety and welfare of citizens. Hazard mitigation is a sustained action to prevent or reduce impacts from future disasters. Identify existing cyber security risk management practices and measure them against best practices and proven frameworks.
Identify the desired outcomes and associated cyber security and risk management standards, tools, methods, and guidelines that will mitigate cyber security risks, commensurate with the risk to organizational and critical infrastructure security.
In preparedness and emergency management, the concept of risk and hazard identification is fundamental. To counteract potential incidents, fallout vulnerabilities, and regulatory noncompliance, response plans should be shared with and accessible to regulators, auditors, inspectors, and responders. In the event of an emergency, up-to-date paper plans may not be available from other locations. When an incident is isolated to a particular location, cloud or web-based response plans can enable response measures on a company-wide scale. Just as fire extinguishers and inclusive fire drills can maximize safety in a fire emergency, response plan accessibility and exercises a fundamental to the success of a response.
When first responders can exercise approved response processes and procedures, responses can become second nature.
As technology dependencies become more ingrained in company operations and emergency management programs, it is essential to institute company-wide best practices for computer security, downloads, and backups in order to secure necessary technologies and communications networks. There must be a mutual understanding between IT personnel and crisis managers regarding their respective roles, available resources, security efforts, and response measure during cyber disruption events.
Based on statistics from the Department of Homeland Security (DHS), it is critical for companies to establish business continuity plans associated with technology, and related applications. According to the Business Continuity Institute online survey conducted in December 2011, the top identified threat from conducting a thorough risk assessment was an unplanned IT or telecommunication outage. Departments or business units should define workaround procedures, or alternate processes, to support critical process recovery until key systems and applications have been restored.
Each department should be responsible for assessing computer and software needs when developing critical process recovery strategies, and obtaining the review and input of the IT Department in support of any identified computer and software recovery time objectives.
FEMA has identified 31 core capabilities that should be incorporated into emergency management programs.
Cyber exercises are an essential tool for organizations to evaluate their cyber incident preparation, mitigation, response, and recovery capabilities. By exercising key areas of conjunction between IT and other corporate response elements, company cyber security and incident response operations gaps and shortfalls can be identified.


For tips and best practices on designing a crisis management program, download Tips for Effective Exercises. For a sample Emergency Response Checklist, download our helpful and informative guide.
Emergency Response and Disaster Management are different domains of activity with different information sharing requirements. One of the Preparedness Summit sessions highlighted a promising situational awareness platform called Operation Dragon Fire, which serves as a clearinghouse or data marketplace to provide a means to identify, aggregate, validate and analyze data from multiple sources, and access to applicable information via multiple channels. She has a master’s degree in Public Affairs, Disaster and Emergency Management and is a Certified Emergency Manager.
In light of fickle federal funding streams and in the spirit of doing more with less, public health, health-care system and emergency management agencies need to plan, train and exercise with each other so they are well acquainted well before disaster strikes. Defence Academy - supplies education, instruction and tips in technology, management and each so they.
This mission operates under the premise that every individual who lives or works in Clackamas County shares responsibility for minimizing the impact of disaster on the community. As a result of this grant, agencies, cities and special districts within Clackamas County have benefited by receiving assistance with regional planning efforts, communications and information technology and response capabilities. In early 2015, the Energy Department released guidance to help the energy sector establish or align existing cybersecurity risk management programs to meet the objectives of the Cybersecurity Framework released by the National Institutes of Standards and Technology (NIST).
However, the potential inability to access important documents, particularly during an emergency scenario, is often overlooked. Companies should mitigate the risk that an incident may incapacitate access to response plans.
Having up-to-date information readily available to trained responders has been proven to limit the duration of the emergency. From industrial facilities to multi-story office buildings, enabling first responders to have a working knowledge of site-specific responses and available equipment prior to an actual emergency is critical to the safety of the occupants.
Plan accessibility allows appointed responders to clarify critical contact information and responses to altered site circumstances, operations, or materials.
The ICS-CERT quarterly newsletter entitled Monitor, stated that the response team responded to 198 incidents across all critical infrastructures in 2012. The exercise environment allows stakeholders to simulate real-world situations, to improve communications and coordination, and to increase the effectiveness of broad-based critical infrastructure protection capabilities without the consequences of real cyber event. In order for business continuity, there must be a mutual understanding between IT personnel and crisis managers regarding their respective roles, available resources, and response measure during events caused by cyber disruption. The strategy aims to better bridge the worlds of health-care planning and emergency management to support seamless response and recovery efforts.


Nora O'Brien is the principal consultant of Connect Consulting Services, a health-care emergency management firm that provides plan development, training and drills, and exercise services to health-care agencies throughout the U.S. The NHSS Strategic Objective 4, integrated emergency management with public health and health care, underscores the need for coordination across sectors to support effective community response and recovery. Speeding the flow of location information means more lives and property saved and less risk for first responders.
CCEM serves as the central coordination point for all homeland security and emergency management activities throughout the County and as a primary point of collaboration with regional, state and federal agencies. All of these efforts allow Clackamas County to better prepare, mitigate, respond and recover from natural and man-made disasters. When authorized users can access response plans information from any location, response expertise can be maximized and maintenance efforts can be shared. Inaccessible response plan can facilitate confusion, inconsistency, and potentially accelerate impacts and financial loss. These concerns are echoed in recent publications by the Department of Homeland Security’s Industrial Control System Cyber Emergency Response Team (ICS-CERT). To advance an EHS program, managers should include cyclical plan reviews to allow lessons learned to be implemented into preparedness, training and exercises. These types of exercises can also be used to educate employees on technological policies and procedures used to offset cyber attack strategies. DHS’s Industrial Control Systems Cyber Emergency Response Team (ICS-CERT) provides operational capabilities for defense of control system environments against emerging cyber threats. In talking to ASPR Acting Director of the Division of Policy and Strategic Planning Jonathan Ban, the hope for the NHSS is to better bridge the worlds of health-care planning and emergency management to support seamless response and recovery efforts. With the massive magnitude 7.8 earthquake in Nepal, the emergency requires an immediate, short-term and long-term response and recovery that takes into account the initial health needs as well as the secondary health threats such as disease outbreaks related to poor living conditions and improper sanitation. The net result of open standards is that Emergency Response and Disaster Management stakeholders have more information available to them before, during and after an emergency or disaster occurs. The County completed the third iteration with FEMA-approval on April 8, 2013 with FEMA-approved addenda from the cities of Canby, Damascus, Estacada, Gladstone, Happy Valley, Johnson City, Lake Oswego, Milwaukie, Oregon City, Sandy, West Linn, and Wilsonville. Comprehensive health situational awareness is a great strategic objective because it allows emergency managers to make better real-time response and recovery decisions in disaster-ravaged communities.



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