The project will be implemented from 2012 to 2017 in the central coastal provinces of Thanh Hoa, Nghe An, Ha Tinh, Quang Binh, Quang Tri, Quang Nam, Quang Ngai, Danang, Binh Dinh and Ninh Thuan with the aim of minimizing human and property losses caused by natural disasters. This is a follow-up to the community-based disaster management project which has been implemented in the central provinces since 2005 to support Vietnam in coping with and mitigating natural disasters. Over the past 50 years, the frequency of natural disasters has indeed increased (see Chart 1). Natural disasters are more common and affect more people in developing economies (all low- and middle-income countries as defined by the World Bank) than elsewhere (Laframboise and Loko, 2012) (see Chart 2). Advanced economies are better equipped to absorb the cost of disasters because they have recourse to private insurance, higher domestic savings, and market financing. The dollar value of disaster damage is much larger in advanced economies because of the amount and concentration of capital, but as a percentage of national wealth and output, the damage is usually much greater in developing economies.
The most vulnerable members of society, both in high- and low-income countries, are the major victims of natural disasters.
In the short term, economic output shrinks and the fiscal deficit worsens after a disaster. After a major disaster, policymakers must decide whether to finance emergency spending by reducing or diverting existing spending or by borrowing.
In small island states and low-income countries, natural disasters often drive up public debt. The impact of natural disasters depends on many things, including the size and structure of the economy, the concentration of people in high-risk areas, per capita income, and financial system development.
While most natural disasters cannot be prevented, our research finds that more could be done to reduce their human and economic costs and minimize welfare losses.
There are several obstacles to a more holistic, preventive approach to coping with disasters. Coordination with foreign partners before disaster strikes could mobilize external assistance for risk reduction, which is likely to earn a higher return than emergency help after the fact. Insurance is the best way to reduce the real costs of natural disasters without raising taxes or cutting spending. Members of APEC’s Business Advisory Council have recommended the establishment of a fund to address the possible effects of natural disasters in their economies.


Members of the Business Advisory Council (ABAC) agreed to ask the leaders of the Forum of Asia Pacific Economic Cooperation (APEC) for the establishment of funds to address the possible effects of natural disasters in their economies. It is important to realise that the impact of a natural disaster can be far-reaching, even for children who were not at the site of the disaster. The response of the adults around children is very important and influences how children cope with a traumatic event.
Written to help people as they cope with the impact of the Canterbury earthquakes and other disasters. The project aims to improve the weather forecast and early warning systems and data collection and analysis for public to cope with natural disasters in time, apart from developing a sustainable hydrometeorology model and supplying technical equipment for observing and monitoring stations. Recommend storiesNorway helps Vietnam cope with climate change(VOV) - The Vietnam Red Cross in coordination with its Norway partner organized a seminar in Hanoi from September 24-26 to share experience in disaster risk reduction (DRR).
In addition to the immediate direct human cost, natural disasters often exacerbate poverty and undermine social welfare. Reporting of disasters has improved dramatically, but there has also been a documented rise in the number and intensity of climatic disasters and more people and physical assets are concentrated in at-risk areas.
Countries’ export potential suffers as well, which leads to larger deficits in trade and services with the rest of the world. In terms of disasters per capita and disasters per square kilometer, Caribbean countries are ranked among the top 50 riskiest places in the world (Rasmussen, 2006). Recent studies find that higher skills, better institutions (for example, local governments, health services, police, rule of law), more openness to trade, and higher government spending help lower the economic costs of a natural disaster (Noy, 2009). Countries with well-developed financial systems generally run up fiscal deficits but lose less in output.
We found that there are steps the government can take before a disaster to mitigate the impact on people and output, particularly in countries very prone to disasters for geophysical or meteorological reasons.
First, many low-income countries lack the budget resources and technical and human capacity to prepare for disasters or to build levees or retrofit offices and homes to withstand storms. In fact, because such financing is offered at such low interest rates, it may not make sense to spend scarce resources before a disaster; the expense may not justify the expected return. The older the child, the more “in-tune” they will be with their emotions and the better their ability to put feelings into words.


Most young people's distress will improve with the love, care, and support from their family and whanau.
MARD said that through investment in infrastructure development, the project will mitigate disaster risks in the Ca, Ma, Vu Gia-Thu Bon and Tra Khuc-Tra Bong river basins.
Weighted by land area and population, small island states suffer the highest frequency of natural disasters. The impact can be alleviated by foreign aid and investment, but after large disasters the growth and income effects usually persist. Better institutions and a better-educated population help ensure a capable and efficient disaster response, good allocation of foreign aid, and proper enforcement of such structural measures as building codes and zoning laws, which helps reduce damages when they hit. In such regions, a policy framework that explicitly takes into account the risks and costs of disasters would allow the government to better prepare for, and respond to, natural disaster shocks. When the economic costs are lessened resources are freed up for disaster preparedness, resilience, and mitigation, which can save lives in the future. Unfortunately it's impossible to predict those small numbers of young people who will have significant ongoing emotional difficulties following a natural disaster.
In addition, help from mental health services may be more likely for children or young people with existing mental health difficulties or those who have had previous mental health difficulties. Recommend storiesUS$150 million for disaster management project(VOV) - The Prime Minister has approved the results of a negotiation for disaster management project and relevant legal documents. Countries with deep financial systems and high insurance coverage fare the best, because the risk is transferred to outsiders (even in the case of local insurers through reinsurance policies), so investment and reconstruction place little or no extra fiscal burden on the state.
Grenada underwent a debt restructuring in 2005 and continues to struggle with high debt today.




Fema risk management
72 hours survival kit


Comments

  1. 18.07.2014 at 11:39:41


    They lived thru the depression and place, that you do not remove contents.

    Author: MAHSUM
  2. 18.07.2014 at 15:54:42


    Our sort thoughts numbers (if assigned) 300 miles above.

    Author: nedostupnaya