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After reading a review of the Drobo FS, I became obsessed with network attached storage (NAS). Nevertheless, maybe you run a small business and prefer to think of a NAS as an appliance – something that has a warranty and a customer support email address.
I guessed that 4 x 2TB hard drives with single-drive redundancy would suit me, leaving a usable space of around 5.5TB.
I chose the motherboard because it hit the sweet spot of price, power consumption, number of SATA ports, and availability.
If I turn BitTorrent off and allow all the drives to power-down to standby mode, power consumption drops to about 29W. ZFS originally stood for Zettabyte File System (due to the immense storage limit of 256 x 1015 zettabytes), but it is much more than just a file system.
For a NAS device, a couple of features are worth looking at in more detail: data integrity and RAID-Z.
In order to provide the so-called end-to-end data integrity, ZFS simply stores checksums away from data blocks. Going from left to right, directory 1 contains a pointer to file A, file A’s checksum, and some other meta-data. This all means that ZFS can check your data at any time — and it can often repair data after a variety of problems. ZFS’s answer to RAID 5 is called RAID-Z1, but it has important advantages over hardware RAID 5. RAID 5 also has a performance problem with partial stripe writes, because the old stripe data must be read before being modified and written back.
FreeNAS is based on FreeBSD, but with a few clever changes that make it great for NAS servers. The boot-from-scratch philosophy makes backing-up and restoring the entire OS (well, the XML settings file, not a binary image) very simple. FreeNAS’s purpose-built web interface means that you rarely need to ssh into the server and use commands to get stuff done.
A NAS server is a huge step forward from the horrors of USB external hard drives (or, further back in time, burning DVDs and CDs…) for backups. Power and temperature improvements form underclocking the CPU, and ensuring that the GPU is powered-down. It’s important to note that RAID-Z1 (single-drive redundancy) is not really recommended.
The SATA ports in the case are close together, and I was lucky to only have two L-shaped SATA cable connectors; otherwise they would not fit. Initially, I toyed with the idea of an integrated NAS and HTPC, but decided that there would be too many compromises; dedicated devices would be far better. I’d just like to point out that the client software for the Drobo, at least for Windows, was recently updated with a much improved GUI. Makes me a little sad that the whole Sun-OpenSolaris-Oracle-Solaris enchilada makes me less likely to choose Solaris for my next NAS-machine. I went down the Proliant Microsever route aswell, although I plumped for Windows Home Server 2011 (it’s only about ?35 now). Technically 1) is possible with ZFS, but, depending on the arrangement of drives to vdevs, I think ZFS will be limited by the smallest drive. I can say that one of the reasons I like my hardware RAID is that you can just attach it to any old computer and it shows up as an external hard drive. The advantage of FlexRAID is that it doesn’t use striping, so any drive can be pulled from the array and read like a single drive. It does all, i mean ALL, i want, it’s great, low power (11-31W), awesome UI with regular updates, full root shell powered by IPKG (i can install pretty much any CLI app for linux).
For those that (a) are technically capable of building our own RAID, but (b) value our time, there’s Drobo.
I contemplated the idea of creating RAID-Zs from vdevs made of 500GB partitions, spread across the disks and then shoving them all into one Zpool but this seems messy and it’s suggested the performance takes a hit. Any advice for what to do, given the changed availability of software 2 years after this article was written?
At ICC, we've partnered with industry leaders to create storage solutions that offer top-tier performance and compute power, but won't break your budget. Before singling out ideal applications for a Nexenta-based system, it's worth examining the current software-defined storage landscape. NexentaStor, for its part, focuses on SMARTS: Security, manageability, availability, reliability, (lowered) TCO and scalability.
By pairing the NexentaStor storage system with Supermicro servers, we've created an ideal platform for the Z file system (ZFS), designed to mitigate many of the problems associated with hardware RAID. ZFS includes several critical features that create an enterprise-grade storage environment. Of course, these features require a certain amount of sheer computing throughput, which translates to a heavy reliance on RAM. NovaStor solutions cover the full range of NAS and SAN storage appliances, and by relying on the SMARTs of Nexenta SDS along with the speed and redundancy of ZFS, offer unparalleled storage environments — but what kind of apps should you trust to this technology?
Nexenta suggests the use of large-scale streaming applications that take advantage of the system's large namespace and high performance file repositories.
The NovaStor N-series isn't about giving you some of what you want for the right price or selling everything you need at a cost you can't afford.
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EonNAS Pro 210 offers tower NAS solution designed for users to optimize file sharing, IP SAN applications and data backup. It offers features, based on ZFS structure, such as Hierarchical Checksum, Corrupt Data Self-Healing, Data Deduplication, Snapshot, Pool Mirror, Data Compression and Remote Replication deliver high efficiency and excellent reliability. Exponential growth in file storage, driven by rich media, documents, presentations and e-mails, impacts businesses more now than ever before. EonNAS Pro 210 is the ideal solution for file sharing, data backup, disaster recovery and virtualization. ZFS file system is a combined file system and logical volume manager with support for high storage capacities, integration of the concepts of file system and volume management, snapshots and copy-on-write clones, continuous integrity checking and corrupt data self-healing. ZFS provides users with a Hybrid Storage Pool system by utilizing advantages of different storage types, including RAM, SSD (Solid State Disk) and hard drive. Explosive data growth in recent years has created a new set of challenges for businesses of all sizes: how to efficiently process all this data with limited budget resources?
EonNAS minimizes business loss caused by downtime and data loss with unlimited snapshot, pool mirror, remote replication, corrupt data self-healing and RAID protection. The snapshot feature available on the EonNAS can be used to protect shared folders, iSCSI volumes and system settings. To mitigate a disaster's impact on business continuity, data loss and downtime have to be minimized. This prevents your sensitive business data from being stolen by unauthorized breach or access.

End-to-end data integrity requires that each data block be verified against an independent checksum.
EonNAS features RAID protection, which ensures data stays intact even during simultaneous failures of up to two disk drives.
The WORM function prevents data from being edited, overwritten, corrupted or deleted until a retention period has arrived. EonNAS requires very little training with simple installation and management, which keeps the overall IT budgets in check.
The IT administrator can host multiple websites on the EonNAS with the built-in web server and virtual host feature. Machine while Windows users can use third-party software such as Acronis Backup & Recovery to backup data. When the EonNAS is connected and configured, one is able to share an USB printer with other computers on the network. One is able to establish an FTP server with the EonNAS and share files conveniently with colleagues or partners.
With comprehensive network protocol support on EonNAS Pro, files can be easily shared among local and remote workstations featuring Windows, Mac or Linux platforms. The built-in iSCSI support on EonNAS Pro enables you to deploy IP SAN and to serve applications, such as mail servers, databases and virtualization. System management for EonNAS Pro is easy, within less than 15 minutes you can complete the process from power-on to initial set-up.
For a basic estimate of flexirent repayments, you can use the Flexirent fast quote calculator. For customers who are eligible for tax deductions, Flexirent also offers an After tax calculator. These terms are in addition to and do not affect any terms, conditions, guarantees and warranties implied by law. Some basic instructions would have been nice – it took 5-10 minutes of fiddling to figure out how to get drives inside. For comparison, the Drobo FS is rated at about 12W (idle) and 56W (busy), with four drives.
In fact, the checksums themselves have their own checksums further up the chain, and so on until the root of the file system (known as the uberblock). RAID-Z avoids the dreaded write hole, where loss of power during a write operation can (silently!) leave the data drive and parity drive inconsistent. If a drive failure happens during the write, the original data is still accessible and the file system knows that the write operation didn’t complete. RAID-Z uses dynamic stripe width, so all writes are full-stripe writes and this problem can never occur.
If anything ever goes badly wrong with the OS, I just burn the OS image to a USB drive and upload the settings file. Version 8 is a complete rewrite of version 0.7, but many useful features are still missing.
If a single drive fails, the strain of resilvering, which may take a long time, might knock out a second drive.
For example, FreeNAS is great for ZFS support and other NAS tools, but how would I get a driver for ION-accelerated HD video out of the HDMI port? You get a lot of good ZFS-stuff with Solaris that I don’t think the BSD-port has yet.
I didn’t find that HP device when I was building my NAS, but it looks like a decent option. I would LOVE to build my own NAS, but those features are incredibly useful, and I would hate to loose them. The Drobo FS does make better use of drives of different sizes: see their guide for more info.
I have heard of similar drives failing at the same time (or very close to each other at a time of high stress e.g.
My experience has been flawless and I would regularly yank the power cord to power down my 4-bay. I am just about at my capacity and have been looking for a replacement but nothing on the market really peeked my interest. By default, I think it is stored in memory (assuming you are booting from a USB flash drive), so it’s lost whenever you reboot. I have got the hardware already, I’m using a Mini-ITX board with an AMD APU and a chipset that supports 8 SATA ports, it has 7 on the board +1 eSATA. Ubuntu supports ZFS natively now, and that’s appealing, but so is a more proven solution such as FreeNAS 8 or NAS4Free. Consider the ICC NovaStor N-Series, a combination of the ZFS file system, NexentaStor unified storage management platform and server technology from Supermicro.
According to a recent Forbes article, the total cost of ownership (TCO) of software-defined alternatives isn't yet known, especially past the three-to-five year mark. In other words, this software-defined storage (SDS) platform aims to tackle problems like TCO head-on. Originally a property of Sun Microsystems, ZFS is now open source and has emerged as a leader in pooled storage.
By using pooled storage and what's known as RAID-Z, it's possible to create multiple file systems that all share the same pool.
BSD Now recommends 1 gigabyte of RAM for each terabyte of storage space for optimal performance, but notes that the more RAM you have the better ZFS will perform.
In fact, that's just the beginning — coupled with RAID-Z file management, it's possible to run even the most resource-intensive enterprise apps. Instead, we've designed a software-defined storage system backed by cutting-edge server technology and the benefits of software-based RAID-Z. It is a ZFS-based NAS that offers efficiency, reliability, simplicity and affordability that small and midsize enterprises demand. No consumer features that may be disruptive to everyday business operation such as download station, music station and photo station. The features of ZFS include data integrity verification against data corruption modes, support for high storage capacities, integration of the concepts of file system and volume management, snapshots and copy-on-write clones, continuous integrity checking and automatic repair. The new EonNAS reduces your primary storage footprint using inline deduplication and compression. Duplication calculations are performed as each new data block enters deduplication-enabled volumes.
Supported on both shared folders and iSCSI volumes, data compression on EonNAS is achieved with the LZJB algorithm, offering lossless and low-overhead compression.
By dynamically allocating capacity to applications on an as-needed basis, EonNAS Pro series eliminates pre-allocated yet unused data volumes and simplifies storage resource management. It also makes businesses compliance-ready with the robust WORM (Write Once, Read Many) technology.
The built-in pool mirror function on EonNAS helps users perform real-time data replication between two different EonNAS.

When a drive failure occurs, a pre-assigned Hot Spare will be automatically leveraged to rebuild the original RAID configuration. WORM addresses the five elements of regulatory compliance: data integrity protection, data accessibility, data auditing, data duplication and data migration. In addition, EonNAS offers thin-provisioning which allows users to allocate a large amount of virtual capacity for an application server regardless of the physical capacity actually available.
With the access control for folders and subfolders, you can easily deploydifferent instructions or status to monitor various workgroups or branch offices. EonNAS Pro provides a seamless storage solution for virtualization servers such as VMware, Citrix and Hyper-V. With step-by step wizards, a user-friendly, wed-based GUI helps you easily access all frequently-used features via shortcuts. For more information regarding flexirent, and to use the flexirent finance calculator, please click here. Newer Atom CPUs, such as the D510, should be more power-efficient overall because of the on-die memory controller and graphics, but none were readily available.
I also ruled out unRAID, NexentaStor, and Windows Home Server, because they (can) cost money.
That means that ZFS likes to control both the allocation of physical drives to logical storage entities (vdevs and zpools in ZFS), as well as the organisation of files within those zpools. Also, I couldn’t write a bootable USB image for 8 (although the CD image worked ok in VirtualBox).
There might also be better alternatives available, such as the Asus AT5NM10T-I, but I’ve not looked around much recently.
The new Drobo FS stays powered on 24×7 (drives spin down after 15 minutes with no activity), so not an issue with the FS. Plus, with a phone to consider backing up, having a device with a lot of flexibility would be nice. I am curious though, you used 4x2TB drives in a ZFS pool and still have over 7TB of total storage. I was looking at the screen shot you posted of the web interface and have been scratching my head. The result is a storage solution that offers enterprise-class features without an enterprise-grade price tag.
In part this is due to IT departments holding onto technology as long as possible before upgrading, and in part because — just like the move from centralized databases to virtual machines (VM) — there may be a disconnect between real and assumed costs. In addition, ZFS supports the creation of “point in time” snapshots and includes a “rollback” feature if these snapshots are no longer needed. NovaStor solutions support up to 256 Gb of RAM, making it possible to achieve maximum ZFS output. As a result, the best apps for a NovaStor are the ones you rely on every day, the ones that can't lag or fail — the ones that set your company apart. ZFS adopts the Adaptive Replacement Cache (ARC) mechanism, which temporarily stores operating data in RAM to improve performance. When the EonNAS sees an identical block is already present in the volume, the new block will be discarded and only a pointer will be created for reference to the existing block. When the primary system goes down, the standby system, which features the same data, can seamlessly take over services at minimized downtime. In addition, Disk-Roaming Design enables disk drives be moved within an array, meaning when there is a need of system replacement, the hard drives within an array could be intact transferred to another EonNAS system and be automatically recognized without hard drives re-building concern.
EonNAS features secure data storage with flexibility to store both compliance-based WORM data and normal data for archive. A user-friendly, web-based GUI allows you to easily access all frequently-used features via shortcuts and quickly complete required configurations with step-by-step wizards.
You can also import account information from Windows Active Directory (AD) and LDAP Directory to EonNAS Pro, which makes it easier to configure accounts and authorization settings. The real time system with dashboard feature helps you monitor real-time system status, and if there is any potential purposed events occurred ,the instant notification via SNMP traps, and e-mail alerts will pass to you at the same time.
Images displayed are accurate to the best of our knowledge and we will not be held responsible for purchases based soley on these images. Because the NAS will be running 24 hours a day, it should cost about ?43 a year to run (1W roughly equates to ?1 over a year). This does mean that every write to a file involves recalculating several checksums, all the way back to the root node (the uberblock). But, the users would see their storage pool magically increase by ~6TB, so it’s a trade-off. Of course, deploying a high performance storage system is just half the battle — what apps work best with this kind of ZFS Nexenta deployment? Part of the value proposition here is that Nexenta technology runs on industry standard hardware, making it an ideal match for Supermicro servers.
The cache data is controlled via two parameters: Most Recently Used (MRU) and Most Frequently Used (MFU). Snapshots will be automatically removed when they reach thresholds in terms of total number of snapshots or retention period. If the disk is part of a mirror or RAID group, ZFS will both detect and correct the error: it will use the checksum to determine which copy is correct, provide good data to the application, and repair the damaged copy. To obtain full quote and pre-approval please contact Flexirent Customer Service on 1800 240 102.
Also, parity-based redundancy is far more efficient, in terms of hard drive space, than the full mirroring offered by Greyhole – especially as more drives are added.
But ZFS’s copy-on-write policy (see below) and transactional nature mitigate the performance penalty. Nexenta systems are also scalable from 10 terabytes up to petabyte configurations and come with baked-in data management functionality.
All data and metadata are checksummed when read, and these values are then compared to their original checksums.
The second level cache, which is called Level-2 ARC (L2ARC), uses flash memory (such as SSD) to accelerate READ access (SSDs can also be used to increase the performance of WRITE access). Shipping Australia wide to all metro and regional areas (Sydney, Melbourne, Brisbane, Adelaide, Perth) and Internationally.
In addition, this SDS has an active open source project called the “community edition,” which is free to use, and supports all major VM vendors including Citrix Xen, VMware and Microsoft Hyper-V. If the values don't match and you're running a redundant ZFS pool, any corruption is automatically repaired. Finally, it's worth noting that Nexenta has optimized their software to run both SSD and hybrid configurations.
EonNAS 3000 series* storage systems support SSD to improve the performance of applications with frequent random READ operations.

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12.12.2015 admin

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