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On most Ford engines the #1 cylinder is the first cylinder at the front of the engine on the passenger side (right side) of a rear-wheel drive car or truck. The cylinders are numbered in sequence starting with the #1 cylinder going towards the back of the engine on each cylinder bank (see illustrations below). The correct firing order is very important because mixing up the spark plug wires may prevent the engine from starting, cause it to backfire and run very poorly if at all. NOTE: On engines where two adjacent spark plugs fire right after each other, it is important to make sure the spark plug wires are not routed right next to each other for a long distance. On engines with distributorless ignition systems or coil-on-plug ignition systems, the firing order is controlled by the ignition module or engine computer.
This website is property of and maintained by AutomotiveTouchup, a Microfinish LLC Company © 2002-2016. The 3.7-liter V-6 engine provides the 2005 Jeep Grand Cherokee with an efficient, durable and smooth base engine.
Significant changes in the 3.7-liter include a revised cam profile and new valve lash adjusters.
The 4.7-liter V-8 was updated for the 2005 model year and was the mid-range engine in 2005-2007 model Grand Cherokees. The vinyl ester glass-reinforced thermoset plastic modules, which are unique to the left- and right-side cylinders, include the cover, gasket, and fasteners. Dana engineers worked closely with DaimlerChrysler's technical staff to provide 3-D solid models to fit tight, under-the-hood requirements. The 5.7-Liter V-8 HEMI engine that powers the 2005-2008 Jeep Grand Cherokee uses aluminum cylinder heads with hemispherical combustion chambers, creating outstanding airflow leading to high power and torque. The Chrysler Group MDS seamlessly alternates between smooth and economic four-cylinder mode when less power is needed and V-8 mode when more power from the 5.7-liter HEMI engine is in demand.
Some of the significant technologies enabling the MDS are the speed of electronic controls, the sophistication of the algorithms controlling the systems and the use of Electronic Throttle Control. This engine and MDS has completed over 6.5 million customer-equivalent miles through Chrysler Group’s development and durability testing. The HEMI engine that powers the 2005 Jeep Grand Cherokee uses aluminum cylinder heads with hemispherical combustion chambers, creating outstanding airflow leading to high power and torque. The all-new 2nd generation 5.7-liter HEMI V-8 engine offers better fuel economy, improved idle quality and overall refinement, along with more horsepower and torque. The fuel-saving MDS system seamlessly alternates between smooth, high- fuel-economy four-cylinder mode when less power is needed, and V-8 mode when more power from the new 5.7-liter HEMI engine is in demand.
The 6.1L-liter V8 HEMI made its Jeep debut in the 2006 Grand Cherokee SRT8 which went on sale in January of 2006. Engine breathing was increased with new higher-flow cylinder heads, a specially designed intake manifold, and exhaust headers with individual tubes encased in a stainless steel shell, all unique to the 6.1-liter HEMI engine.
To further increase horsepower, performance-oriented camshaft profiles were developed to allow more air in and out of the cylinders, as well as manage a higher engine speed. SRT engineers increased the HEMI's peak power output engine speed by nearly 20 percent to 6,000 revolutions per minute (rpm) from 5,000 rpm. The high-performance SRT 6.1-liter HEMI is strengthened with redesigned components, including a reinforced engine block, forged micro-alloy steel crankshaft with retuned damper, high-strength powdered metal connecting rods and floating-pin pistons. A 6.4L-liter V8 HEMI with MDS has been approved for production and will debut in SRT8 models of the 2011 Challenger, the 2011 Charger and the 2011 300C.
Deep-skirt cast-iron block with cross-bolted main bearing capsAluminum alloy heads with hemispherical combustion chambers. Pushrod-operated overhead valves, 16 valves, eight deactivating and eight conventional hydraulic lifters, all with roller followers.
Pushrod-operated overhead valves, 16 valves, eight conventional hydraulic lifters, all with roller followers. These new valve springs CANNOT be used as replacement springs on the older model year (2003-2008) 5.7L Hemi engines. With the addition of MDS to HEMI-equipped Dodge Durango and Ram, MDS-equipped vehicles through the end of the 2007 model year will save more than 60 million gallons of fuel each year. The Chrysler Group MDS (Multi-Displacement System) seamlessly alternates between smooth, high fuel economy four-cylinder mode when less power is needed, and V-8 mode when more power from the 5.7L HEMI® engine is in demand," said Eric Ridenour, Executive Vice President Product Development, Chrysler Group. The MDS was part of the engine's original design," said Bob Lee, Vice President Powertrain Product Team, Chrysler Group. Some of the significant technologies enabling the Chrysler Group MDS are the speed of electronic controls, the sophistication of the algorithms controlling the systems and the use of Electronic Throttle Control.


The HEMI engine with MDS has completed over 6.5 million customer- equivalent miles through Chrysler Group's development and durability testing. Customers will experience estimated fuel economy gains of up to 20 percent under various driving conditions, and a projected 10 percent aggregate improvement. The Multiple Displacement System (MDS) provides cylinder deactivation during steady speed, low acceleration and shallow grade climbing conditions to increase fuel economy.
Deactivation occurs during the compression stroke of each cylinder, after air and fuel enter the cylinder. The Multi Displacement System selectively deactivates cylinders 1,4,6, and 7, to improve fuel economy. Just a few simple tips can help owners of Chrysler Group engines with Multi-Displacement System (MDS) get the most fuel mileage possible from their 5.7L HEMI® V8 engine.
The customer does not need to drive in a certain way to realize a fuel economy improvement with MDS, but these driving habits can maximize their fuel savings with this technology. Below schematic shows the 2006 Chevrolet Trailblazer Frame and Chassis Components Assembly Parts Diagram. This innovation eliminates the time- consuming and costly steps of precisely aligning and attaching the gasket to the valve cover with adhesive. Dana also provided material development and component validation to ensure robust system performance. The new engine offers better fuel economy, power, and torque than the previous 4.7-liter engine, while increasing refinement, thanks to dual spark plugs per cylinder, increased compression, better cylinder-head port flow, and a new combustion system. Chrysler Group has developed the Multi-Displacement System (MDS) that deactivates four cylinders when the V-8 is not needed.
This optimizes fuel economy when V-8 power is not needed without sacrificing vehicle performance or towing capability. Dual ignition (two spark plugs per cylinder) increases peak power and torque, reduces exhaust emissions, increases fuel economy and provides a smooth idle.
HEMI has always been synonymous with power, and now - thanks to VVT, expanded four-cylinder mode in the MDS system, and a host of other technologies - Chrysler's new HEMI delivers more fuel efficiency and refinement, along with even more power. When MDS is operating, it is indicated by the fuel-economy- mode readout in the Electronic Vehicle Information Center.
When SRT powertrain engineers set out to develop a more powerful HEMI they were mindful of the engine's heritage, which led to adopting traditional HEMI engine cues including an orange-painted cylinder block and black valve covers.
A billet steel, high-strength camshaft features more overlap and lift for better performance.
Intake and exhaust valve stems are hollow, and the exhaust valve stems are filled with sodium to help dissipate heat more efficiently.
The pistons are cooled by oil squirters, aimed at the underside of each piston to aid piston cooling for engine durability. Intake valves feature hollow stems and 2 mm larger heads compared to the 5.7L engine, allowing more air flow. The new springs have a greater installed height and will cause reduced open and closed spring force.
Chrysler Group was also the first to offer cylinder deactivation in an SUV with the introduction of MDS in the 2005 HEMI-powered Jeep® Grand Cherokee. The HEMI will be able to transition from eight cylinders to four in 40 milliseconds (0.040 seconds).
Improved fuel economy is realized without any change in customer experience -- drivers will receive the benefit without changing their driving habits and without compromising style, comfort or convenience. Both four and eight cylinder configurations have even firing intervals providesmooth operation.
Ignition then occurs, but the combustion products remain trapped in the cylinder under high pressure, because the valves no longer open. You’ll find in-depth information, technical service bulletins, code definitions and step-by-step tests, and easy-to-understand wiring diagrams, along with descriptions of how the systems work. The engine has aluminum cross flow cylinder heads, four valves per cylinder, central injectors and dual overhead camshafts. To ensure quiet operation, a new thick-wall composite manifold is new for 2005, as are structural improvements to the air box and resonator. Dual knock sensors have been added for 2005 and enable improved engine calibration for both fuel economy and power output.
The new thermoset plastic cylinder-head cover module was developed in just 12 months and replaces a magnesium component.


With this new sealing system, Dana developed a custom compound material for gaskets and grommets. This collaborative effort eliminated the prototype step for the cover housing, which in turn reduced development time and cost by allowing the component to move directly from design to production. The combustion system has been refined and the engine uses direct-mount accessories for quieter operation. Other enhancements include an increased compression ratio and an active intake manifold with long runners for low-end torque and short runners for high-rpm power. SRT engineers who developed the 6.1L engine achieved more horsepower by adding more cubic inches, increasing the compression ratio, and redesigning the cylinder head, intake and exhaust systems for better flow and increased engine speed. Cylinders are honed with torque plates to ensure a truer bore, to reduce friction and increase power.
The intake manifold was designed with larger diameter and shorter runners for higher-speed tuning.
The production version of the 6.4 engine is expected to produce anywhere from 470-hp to 510-hp. The new spring comes with a new valve spring seat which should be replaced if converting 2009 or newer engine to the damper-less design.
In addition to stopping combustion, energy is not lost by pumping air through these cylinders.
Two cylinders on each bank are active when the engine is in four-cylinder mode – every other cylinder in the firing order. As shown in the chart below, the duty cycle is more active at highway speeds and on level ground. The engine was first introduced in the Jeep Liberty and has been continuously refined to provide smooth V-6 power with optimal economy. The updated engine has improved NVH characteristics, realized through the use of composite valve covers, structural improvements to the air box and resonator and improved dampening of the heat shields.
Due to innovative manufacturing processes, Dana was able to reduce the overall cost of the module, while incrementally improving noise, vibration, and harshness, or NVH. Dana also provided prototyping for the gasket and isolator molds to ensure the design met all of Jeep's specifications.
This allows more work to be transferred to the crankshaft instead of being rejected out of the exhaust port as heat.
Exhaust runners allow increased gas flow while maintaining fast catalyst light-off, while adding 12 horsepower over the 5.7-liter engine’s cast manifolds. The oil pan and windage tray are modified to manage oil return to the pan sump at high engine speeds and improve power.
The new damper-less spring is also 5mm taller than the old spring when measured in free length. All of the cylinders that are deactivated have unique hydraulic valve lifters that collapse when deactivated to prevent the valves from opening. During subsequent piston strokes, this high-pressure gas is repeatedly compressed and expanded like an air spring, but fuel is not injected. Other parameters that owners have discovered is that the engine operating temperature must be at least 130 degrees and oil pressure above 45 psi. While some people can determine the point when MDS is engaged or disengaged by the sound of the exhaust (more notably on aftermarket exhaust systems), the light provides more exacting results as to when the MDS system is on or off.
Deep-fillet rolled journals for improved fatigue life, press fit damper to minimize torsional vibration. And you need access to the latest technical service bulletins so you don’t waste time and money replacing parts that may misbehave due to a manufacturer’s software glitch. When activated, pressurized oil pushes a latching pin on each valve lifter, which then becomes a “lost motion” link.
Its base follows the camshaft, but its top remains stationary, held in place against the pushrod by light spring pressure but unable to move because of the much higher force of the valve spring.



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