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Crazy Vaclav is the owner, proprietor, and sales person at Crazy Vaclav's Place of Automobiles. Jasper Beardly • Comic Book Guy • Barney Gumble • Maude Flanders • Ned Flanders • Professor Frink • Gil Gunderson • Julius Hibbert • Lionel Hutz • Helen Lovejoy • Reverend Timothy Lovejoy • Captain Horatio McCallister • Akira • Hans Moleman • Marvin Monroe • Bleeding Gums Murphy • Apu Nahasapeemapetilon • Mayor Joe Quimby • Dr.
Superintendant Chalmers • Seymour Skinner • Edna Krabappel • Elizabeth Hoover • Groundskeeper Willie • Otto Mann • Lunchlady Doris • Dewey Largo • Dr. Initially, the company was best known for its locally built versions of the Fiat 128 and Fiat 600. During the 1970s and 1980s, Zastava sold its compact cars in North and South America and Western Europe under the Yugo brand. The post-Yugoslav era has been difficult for Zastava, just as most of the other major companies based in Serbia, which suffered from international sanctions. In September 2005, the company signed a new agreement with Fiat to produce a version of the 2003 Fiat Punto model for Southeast Europe as the Zastava 10, with production capacity reaching 16,000 vehicles annually. The roots of Zastava lay in the 1851 founding in Kragujevac of the Vojno-Tehnicki Zavod (Army Technical Institute). In 1904, a US businessman and millionaire Mile Bjelivuk bought a company for $1,200; within the company, a section dedicated to automobiles is inaugurated. Fiat 1400 was Zastava's first assembled automobile, but Fića Zastava's licence built version of Fiat 600 is its iconic historical brand. The fića had started life as the 16 kW 633 cc Fiat 600, designed by legendary Fiat engineer Dante Giacosa. Zastava in this decade signed a new contract expanding production and technological cooperation with Fiat.
In 1969, the Zastava Kamioni (Zastava Trucks) division split from Zastava Automobili and began producing Italy's Om trucks, rated for between 2.5 and 4 tons. In 1970, Zastava rolled out the 750M, fitted with a new 767 cc engine boasting a thermostat-controlled pressurised cooling system. In the beginning of the seventies Zastava made arrangement with Fiat to produce Zastava 101 (4cyl, 1116 cc OHC, 55 hp, front wheel drive), which was based on Fiat 128. It was said that model 101 should be produced in Yugoslavia for both Yugoslav and Italian market, and vice versa, in the Italian market would have been sold under the marque Innocenti.
In 1979, Zastava 750S – (Special) was released which offered updated interior controls and switches, a new steering wheel and a sportier 22 kW engine which raised the car's top speed to 120 kilometres per hour (75 mph). In the mid-seventies, Zastava management decided to develop a new model, still based on the same Fiat engine. Later in the eighties, Yugo was exported to USA and at the same time it went through several modifications, most importantly the adoption of a 5-speed gearbox.
In 1988 a new model was released called the Zastava Florida (known as Yugo Sana or Yugo Sana Miami, in some countries). Between 1992 and 1995 it was under UN sanctions, and then between 1998 and 2000 it was under EU and US sanctions. In 1999, during the Kosovo War, NATO bombed the Zastava Automobiles plant in Kragujevac, Serbia because it was considered a threat since Zastava Arms infrastructure was also located on site. After the war, there were trade talks with Hungarian firms to assemble Yugos in Hungary, but no agreement was reached because of the Yugoslavian partner's hesitation. Yugos were face-lifted and new versions are introduced in the Belgrade International Motor Show in 2002. The new generation of Yugo was granted a FIA certificate, so it was in compliance with European standards. In October 2000, Vojislav Kostunica became the new president of Yugoslavia (also a Yugo Koral owner) and soon after the sanctions against the country were lifted the export resumed.


The Zastava 10, based on the Italian Fiat Punto Mark 2b, is currently Zastava's most modern car.
Production of all Zastava cars (Yugo, Skala 101 and Florida) has ended on or before November 20, 2008. CEO of Zastava cars Zoran Radojević has declared that the company has received offers from African countries for technology transfer. In 2002 the American entrepreneur Malcolm Bricklin, who had previously imported the Yugo into the United States, signed a deal with Zastava to re-introduce the company's products back into America. Zastava automobiles have been sold and exported in Serbia, Montenegro, Croatia, Macedonia, Greece, Bulgaria, Lebanon, Libya, Syria, Tunisia, Poland, and Egypt (where Zastava cars are produced under the marque of the state owned Nasr car company). In October 2005, an agreement with Fiat was reached for production of the Fiat Punto by Zastava for Eastern European markets, which would be commercialed as the Zastava 10.
On July 28, 2008, Fiat signed a letter of intent to assume control of Zastava and pledged to invest 700 millions euros in the plant to manufacture newer Fiat models in return for 67% ownership of the plant.
Fiat Automobiles Serbia (FAS) was founded as a joint venture between Fiat (67%) and the Government of Serbia (33%). Nick Riviera • Agnes Skinner • Cletus Spuckler • Disco Stu • Squeaky-Voiced Teen • Moe Szyslak • Sam and Larry • Kirk Van Houten • Luann Van Houten • Clancy Wiggum • Eddie • Lou • Crazy Cat Lady • Lindsey Naegle • Cookie Kwan • Wiseguy • Brandine Spuckler • The Yes Guy • Sanjay Nahasapeemapetilon • Blue-haired Lawyer • Judge Roy Snyder • Rich Texan • Luigi Risotto • Old Jewish Man • Mrs.
Its final model, the Yugo Sana, was styled by Italian designer Giorgetto Giugiaro and launched in 1990, but its production was cut short by the breakup of Yugoslavia.
As result, the production almost stopped and the company failed to introduce new models for long time. The institute developed a cannon foundry division in 1853, becoming a military vocational school in March 1854.
In a referendum held on August 26, 1953, 96% of the employees of then Zavodi Crvena Zastava voiced their desire to produce automobiles. Three months later, Kragujevac began assembling Fiat 1400, Fiat 1100 B and Fiat AP-55 Campagnola. 923487 of Zastava 750 were produced ower span of 30 years, with several different engines and in various equipment levels, from October 18, 1955 through November 18, 1985. The company entered the new decade with a replacement for the 1400: Fiat's 1100, shown in Geneva as the successor to the 1100 B. With all-around disc brakes, rear-wheel-drive and up to 72 horsepower, the "tristać" was Yugoslavia's favorite upmarket car.
In 1962, Zastava began production of the Fiat 600D, badged Zastava 750, boasting an 18 kW 767 cc engine capable of propelling the car to 110 kilometres per hour (68 mph). The 125p was created by mating the body of the Fiat 125 to the mechanicals (engines, gearbox, transmission and suspension) of the 1300 and 1500.
A $10 million investment pushed annual capacity to 85,000, with plans in place to reach 130,000 units within a five-year period. It was soon nicknamed Stojadin as a pun on sto jedan (101) (Stojadin is a male name, although folk etymology also associates it with sto jada, "a hundred woes", due to the poor performance and assembling). Production of the 750 and 850 continued through 1985 in L, LE and SC versions until, finally, the tools were sold to the Tofaş factory in Turkey.
It was originally to be known as Zastava 102, but the name was dropped in 1981 and the car released as Yugo 45. Zastava cars were to be sold in 70 countries at the time, with 27,000 exported to Western markets. Its exterior was designed by Giorgetto Giugiaro, with a body shape similar to a Fiat Tipo or Citroen ZX. As a result, many of Zastava subsidiaries abroad were forced to cease trading, as it was the case with Zastava (GB) Ltd, in the United Kingdom, and Yugo Cars, in the United States.


The new Yugo Koral IN had a 1,3l 80HP motor with BOSCH electronic injection, the transmission designed by Porsche, slightly new internal and external design, improved safety, and lots of extra details which were missing from former models.
The production had fallen to a mere 9 percent of its pre-1990 230,000 vehicles annual capacity, with exports to around 4000 vehicles.
Optional features include dual front airbags and air conditioning, as well as power windows. It is believed that Congo is interested in starting production of the Zastava Florida and Egypt of the Zastava 128. The Koral IN L, with a fuel injected 1.1 L Peugeot engine, met the European Union safety standards.
Fiat has pledged to invest 700 million euros in the new company while the Serbian government will contribute an additional 200 million euros.
In 2008, Zastava was acquired by Italian auto maker Fiat and has renamed the company Fiat Automobiles Serbia. Today, many across the former Yugoslavia recall the 1300 as Zastava's best automobile ever: the Jugoslovenski Mercedes, they call it.
This 3 and 5 door variant of Fiat 128 was specific to Zastava and was never released elsewhere by Fiat. In spite of this negative record, the car was a good seller in the domestic market as there was a virtual monopoly. The original numerical classification would remain unchanged for some export markets, as it was the case for the United Kingdom. The new Yugoslav government a $50 million reorganization effort in cooperation with the World Bank, which resulted in mass layoffs, and its intention to privatize the company. Although the Zastava 10 is Zastava's newest and best model, it faces fierce competition in its home market against cars like the Volkswagen Polo.
However, even though a website proclaiming the brand's arrival was produced by Bricklin's company, by 2006 his intentions had switched to importing products from Chinese car maker Chery instead. At the end of the 19th century the cannon foundry changed its name to the Military Engineering Works.
The production came to an halt in 1941 with the Axis invasion of Yugoslavia and by then, 400 trucks were produced in the factory which consisted of a working force of 12,000. Yugoslavs used to buy it because of its moderate price, simple mechanics, cheap spare parts and low maintenance cost compared to other cars assembled in Yugoslavia. It was an updated body version of Fiat 127 with some elements of Fiat 128 and it followed the style of the Autobianchi A112 but with a more square appearance. Vaclav eagerly attempts to sell Homer a car which he brags "will get three hundred hectares on a single tank of kerosene." When Homer inquires where the car comes from, Vaclav responds that "the country no longer exists," but assures Homer that he will agree that the unintelligible car brand is number one after he test drives it. The firm rapidly expanded its production program and the complexity and quality of its products.
Vaclav then instructs Homer to put the car in "H gear" as he pushes the car out of the lot. In March 2007, the Zastava 10's share of the Serbian car market was 11% and the company started exporting cars to former Yugoslav republics in the first half of 2007 and, with plans to add to Bulgaria and Albania as well.



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