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Academy Bank's routing number is the eight or nine-digit number found on the bottom left hand side of Academy Bank checks, next to your checking account number and check number. Your routing number is used like a bank's address, to ensure that financial transactions (like checks and direct deposits) get sent to the correct banking institution. Unlike your Academy Bank Bank Account Number, the Academy Bank Routing Number is the same for all Academy Bank accounts. Suntrust Bank Routing Number along with account number is required to set up a direct deposit, receive funds through wire transfers or to complete an automated money transfer.
You can also locate the Suntrust Routing Number on your checking, savings or business account check book issued to you by your bank branch. ABA Routing Number: Routing numbers are also referred to as "Check Routing Numbers", "ABA Numbers", or "Routing Transit Numbers" (RTN). Each routing number is unique to a particular bank, large banks may have more than one routing number for different states. Fedwire Routing Number: Fedwire Transfer service is the most expedient method for transferring funds between business account and other bank accounts. It is used for domestic or international transactions in which no cash or check exchange is involved, but the account balance is directly debited electronically and the funds are transferred to another account in real time. Kevin Loughrin and an accomplice used six stolen and altered checks to steal just over $1,000 from a local Target store. The justices repeatedly questioned the breadth of the government's and the Tenth Circuit's reading. Significant problems arise when identical conduct may be prosecuted in either state or federal court. The Tenth Circuit's interpretation of federal bank fraud is just one example of a major trend toward the federalization of criminal law. Federal criminal statutes were historically limited to a small subset of crimes that affected uniquely federal interests such as treason or bribery of a federal official, but federal law now reaches many purely local crimes that are already covered by state law. In addition to the effects on individual defendants, unnecessarily expanding federal criminal law also negatively impacts the overall administration of criminal justice. Admittedly, the federalization of criminal law is often based on legislation that explicitly federalizes crimes that had previously been within the province of state courts.
In the absence of a clear Congressional statement and in light of the dangers of bringing minor local crimes within the scope of federal criminal jurisdiction, the court should reject the government's broad interpretation of the federal bank fraud statute and use this case as an opportunity to limit the over-federalization of criminal law.
This article was prepared for publication by Jason Kellam, Section Editor for JURIST's Commentary service.
Opinions expressed in JURIST Commentary are the sole responsibility of the author and do not necessarily reflect the views of JURIST's editors, staff, donors or the University of Pittsburgh.
Professional Commentary is JURIST's platform for newsmakers, activists and legal experts to comment on national and international legal developments. JURIST is a 501(c)(3) non-profit organization dedicated to bringing objective legal news and reasoned expert analysis to the public.


You will need to know the Academy Bank Routing Number when setting up direct deposit with your employer, receiving direct-deposit benefits or tax refunds from the U.S. If you have both your checking and savings accounts with Academy Bank, for example, they will both use the same routing number, 107001481. If you have more than one account, each account will have a separate number which may not be in sequence. This number reflects the electronic processing center for your account and may differ from your Financial Institution Routing Transit Number. Routing number of a bank usually differ only by state and is generally same for all branches in a state.
The ABA routing number is a 9-digit identification number assigned to financial institutions by The American Bankers Association (ABA). To complete a wire transfer, the sender must provide his bank name and account number of the recipient, the receiving account number, the city and state of the receiving bank and the bank's routing number. As a bonus, site members have access to a banner-ad-free version of the site, with print-friendly pages.Click here to learn more. They stole checks from mailboxes, crossed out the payees' names and payment amounts and wrote in "Target" and new amounts next to the original text. On the contrary, the evidence at trial showed that most of the checks were intercepted by Target's staff and were never even submitted to a bank.
He was convicted and sentenced to thirty-six months in prison—twelve months on the bank fraud charges and a mandatory consecutive term of two years for identify theft. United States, which was argued before the Supreme Court on April 1, 2014, was whether the federal bank fraud statute could be interpreted so broadly that it covers any fraudulent scheme to obtain funds from a bank, even when the defendant had no intent to defraud a bank. The US Court of Appeals for the Tenth Circuit held that, under the second clause, the government is not required to prove that a defendant intended to defraud a bank and expose it to a risk of loss. Justice Kagan asked whether a defendant who passed off a painting she made in her kitchen as the work of a famous artist would be guilty of bank fraud if the unwitting buyer paid with a check.
The court should not broadly interpret federal criminal statutes to cover petty offenses that have traditionally been handled by the states absent some clear indication that Congress intended to expand the reach of federal criminal law. When dual jurisdiction exists, the decision to file charges in federal rather than state court can have major consequences. A 2010 study by the Heritage Foundation and the National Association of Criminal Defense Lawyers found that the number of criminal offenses in the US Code has increased from 3,000 in the early 1980s to over 4,450 by 2008. The result is an overlapping and largely redundant system in which similarly situated defendants receive substantially different treatment depending only on where they are prosecuted.
It burdens the relatively limited resources of federal courts by making them a venue for the prosecution of minor local crimes. But whatever the wisdom of Congress' decision to expand federal criminal law, the court need not consider the extent of Congress' power to do so in this case. Degtyareva of Munger, Tolles & Olson LLP discuss the federal bank fraud statute and Loughrin v.


They used the altered checks to purchase food and merchandise, which they then returned often without even leaving the store. If he been convicted of forging checks under state law in Utah, where the crime occurred, he would have likely been sentenced to less than a year.
As long as the defendant intended to defraud someone and funds stored in a bank were involved, the defendant can be convicted of federal bank fraud.
The government's answer was "yes." Justices Sotomayor and Scalia asked whether a defendant who falsely promised to paint someone's house and took a $100 check as payment would be guilty of bank fraud. Federal law often provides fewer procedural protections to defendants, including more powerful grand juries, lower standards for the approval of search warrants, lower burdens of proof to justify wiretaps and more restricted discovery of the government's case. Once the federal government decided to bring charges, he faced not only a thirty-year statutory maximum under the bank fraud statute, but because bank fraud is a predicate for aggravated identity theft, he also faced a mandatory minimum, consecutive sentence of two years. And the number of defendants prosecuted in federal courts has grown from 67,000 in 1996 to 102,931 in 2011. It creates counterproductive competition between state and federal authorities and leads to the ineffective duplication of investigative, prosecutorial and judicial resources. Loughrin was convicted for federal bank fraud and received a much harsher penalty than similar defendants in state court without any clear indication from Congress, either in the text of the bank fraud statute or in the legislative history, that it intended to subject people accused of this type of petty fraud to federal prosecution. Routing numbers may differ depending on where your account was opened and the type of transaction made. Banks offer ACH services for businesses who want to collect funds and make payments electronically in batches through the national ACH network. ACH Routing Numbers are used for direct deposit of payroll, dividends, annuities, monthly payments and collections, federal and state tax payments etc.
Again, the government's answer was "yes," as long as the painter intended to obtain money he understood might come from a bank. Loughrin challenged the government's interpretation of the statute and went to trial, which left him with a three-year sentence, but the threat of a mandatory minimum sentence compels many defendants to accept plea deals. And it undermines the vital role of the states in prosecuting crime by creating the perception that state prosecutors and state courts are not capable of handling these types of cases.
Federal criminal statutes use more mandatory minimum sentences than many state laws and the federal sentencing guidelines generally recommend harsher penalties than many states' guidelines.
Working with the National Association of Criminal Defense Lawyers, they filed an amicus brief in the US Supreme Court in Loughrin v.



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