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99 lebensgro?e »Wolfe« fliegen durch den Raum auf eine Glasscheibe zu, an der sie zerschellen.
Nick Blume Das hatte mich unbewu?t an diese Skulpturen und an diese Zusammenstellung bei der Biennale di Venezia 2003 (ja, ich war dort!) erinnert. Harki Wenn irgendwas aus China kommt, mu? man anscheinend immer recht genau erlautern, da? es nicht in Zwangsarbeitslagern aus eingefangenen Katzenbabys hergestellt wurde. Simone Zur Biennale in Venedig 2003 fallt mir ein: Art Director war da Leonardo Sonnoli. The artificial reefs being built with BP money seem to be good for fishing, but they may not be great for the environment. BP money is supposed to restore the gulf, but environmentally questionable artificial reefs may not be helping.
A freak tourist attraction lures scuba divers to a spot off Fort Lauderdale, Florida: an undersea graveyard of discarded tires, more than half a million of them, stretching across the ocean floor.
The tires were dropped into the water in the 1970s in an attempt to create an artificial reef to attract fish, which in turn would attract fishermen.
They may be a hit with fish and fisherman alike, but many scientists consider artificial fishing reefs to be blots on the marine environment—glorified fishing gear that lures fish to waiting hooks.
There is something bizarre about responding to one of the worst environmental disasters in history with further attempts to manipulate the marine environment. The impact of artificial reefs remains a topic of intense research and debate, with supporters saying that they actually increase a region’s carrying capacity by producing more fish, not just attracting them. Texas plans to deploy 2,400 concrete pyramids, each 8 feet tall and 10 feet wide, at two spots southwest of Houston. Charter captains, like Bob Zales, whose fishing boat Leo Too sails from Panama City Beach, Florida, love them. Artificial reefs predate even the oil rigs—they go back to the 17th century, when the Japanese learned they could attract fish by placing piles of rocks and structures of bamboo in the water near shore.
And then, thanks to the 20th-century boom in consumer goods, all sort of junk was placed into the ocean: old washing machines, refrigerators, toilet bowls, subway cars, airplanes, ships, shopping carts.
Plus, when a ship smashes into a coral reef in the Florida Keys, the owner is required to pay for the placement of concrete boulders or some other structure to replace the coral substrate that was lost—a practice widely regarded as an acceptable reparation. This lack of adequate nutrition prevents female fish on artificial reefs from reproducing, Cowan said. Among the biggest scientist backers of artificial reefs is Bob Shipp, an avid fisherman and fishing tournament judge who recently retired as chairman of the Department of Marine Sciences at the University of South Alabama.
Asked whether we should engage in such a massive manipulation of the marine environment, and whether all this ecological engineering could carry unforeseen consequences, he defended it as the marine equivalent of what we do every day on land. Each reef project is thoroughly vetted by state and federal scientists, said Tom Harvey, spokesman for the Texas Parks and Wildlife Department.
Building a new artificial reef requires a permit from the Army Corps of Engineers, which consults with NOAA Fisheries on how the project could affect marine species. What is definitely true is that the fake reefs bring in millions of dollars, from both tourists and local residents.
Battered tragically by the 2004 Boxing Day tsunami and wracked by civil war from 1983 to 2009, many areas of the country have remained off limits to even the most intrepid traveller. Nature has been prolific and creative in Montenegro, producing such iconic draws as the bewitching Bay of Kotor and the buzzy beaches along its Riviera. Without fanfare, South Korea has quietly developed into an outdoor recreation destination with untapped potential in golfing, hiking and fishing. Ecuador's railway network is scheduled to radically revamp in 2013 with new lines linking increasingly cosmopolitan Quito and the coastal port of Guayaquil.
Two decades on from the Velvet Revolution, Slovakia has galvanised to form one of the continenta€™s fastest-growing economies, joined the EU and ranks right up there in Google searches for bargain ski packages and stag weekends. Forget what travelling the Pacific used to be like a€“ around the Solomon Islands ita€™s still that way. Ask any tourist during your trip to Iceland and youa€™ll quickly see that everyone develops an unconditional love for the little island nation, whether ita€™s for the mind-bending scenery, the platefuls of delicious lamb and fish dishes, or the sincere local hospitality.


New low-cost airlines are opening up the southeast of Turkey, and excellent bus services make getting around easy. After years of political instability and uncertainty, which has hampered tourism development, Madagascar might finally be the verge of recovery.
Mother goddess as kali - the feminine force in indian art, Mother goddess as kali - the feminine force in indian art: an article exploring symbolism behind the great indian goddess kali, using her representations in art for.
Die Tiere wurden in einer Manufaktur im chinesischen Quanzhou hergestellt, die darauf spezialisiert ist, Tiere tauschend echt und lebensgro? herzustellen.
Known as the Great Carrier Reef, most of its surfaces now have growth of shells and sea urchins. In the deep violet light at 70 feet, the sight is shocking: steel-belted radials covering an area the size of 27 football fields. But state and local governments in the Gulf of Mexico are receiving billions of dollars in compensation money from the BP Deepwater Horizon oil spill over 15 years to restore habitats and compensate for economic and recreational losses. Scientists also worry about their tendency to attract non-native species, such as the orange cup coral, which kills and outcompetes native corals. But there is something bizarre about responding to one of the worst environmental disasters in history with further attempts to manipulate the marine environment.
The aircraft carrier Oriskany was sunk as a reef off the Florida Panhandle, becoming known, inevitably, as the Great Carrier Reef. With time, corals, sponges and other marine life encrust the concrete, and it becomes indistinguishable from the natural reefs. James Cowan, a professor in the Department of Oceanography and Coastal Sciences at Louisiana State University, has spent years studying artificial reefs, and he believes they alter fish behavior in a manner that harms fish.
They start preparing their eggs for release and then reabsorb them as a survival mechanism because they can’t afford to lose the nutrition that went into their eggs.
While he agrees that individual reefs might produce a bigger catch without bolstering fish populations, he said the construction of thousands of them has changed the game, transforming the ocean bottom into one more likely to provide places for fish larvae to develop, generating more fish in general. Plus, the artificial reefs are intended as compensation for lost recreational services, rather than as strictly conservation projects, he noted.
However, it’s really only assessing the possible contaminants the artificial components could hold and the specific threat to endangered species, rather than doing a holistic analysis on fishing mortality. A University of Florida study of artificial reefs in six gulf counties found they accounted for $227 million in annual spending for such things as chartering boats, buying fishing supplies, eating in restaurants, and renting hotel rooms. But after as spectacular a disaster as the Deepwater Horizon spill, which fouled more than 1,000 miles of coastline and killed pelicans, sea turtles, dolphins, and other creatures, it would seem that modesty is called for about our ability to impose our technological will on the world. Now the bitter conflict is over, investment is fuelling the tourism industry, and visitor numbers are steadily increasing. But be sure to pack a pair of hiking boots along with your swimsuit, for Montenegroa€™s beauty is no less intense in the wild and rugged interior. Tracks will also connect Ecuadora€™s famed 5900m-high volcano Cotopaxi and the Nariz del Diablo (Devila€™s Nose), claiming the steepest (and most hair-raising) stretch of railway in the western world. Now the tourism industry is keen to distance the nation from being all cheap pistes and piss-ups. Forget mass-market or luxury retreats; think engaging eco-resorts, village homestays and some of the best scuba diving anywhere. The currency crash a€“ which effectively devalued the krA?na by 75% a€“ also helped make a trip much more favourable to the wallet.
Explore the historic old towns of Mardin and Midyat, feast on fantastic food in Gaziantep and see the recently uncovered ruins of GA¶bekli Tepe near Sanliurfa. With more airlines offering stops to the countrya€™s eight international airports, as well as cruise ships adding the DR as a major port of call, more people are escaping to the land of sun, sand, and surf comparable to anywhere else in the Caribbean. Presidential elections are scheduled for 2013, which could herald a move towards greater democracy (although they have been repeatedly postponed). Als Bewegungsstudien entstehen zunachst kleine Tonmodelle, aus denen Cai Guo-Qiang spater die ausstellungsbegleitende Edition entwickelt. Du solltest es mit anderen Museums- oder Privatbesuchen verbinden: das Deutsche Guggenheim ist »nur« ein gro?er Raum, jedoch mit einem sehr netten Cafe plus Shop. Eine offentlich sichtbare Tatowierung fehlt noch, aber vielleicht hat er ja ein Arschgeweih.


Ich bin mir nicht sicher ob man Menschen mit einem Kunstwerk so gegeneinander aufbringen sollte… ich glaube, dass der Kunstler das so nicht beabsichtigt hatte. The bundles of tires broke up, ruining part of an actual coral reef and attracting few fish. And some scientists say that by changing soft bottom to hard bottom, these artificial habitats have opened the way to the arrival of ciguatera, a toxin whose microscopic host requires firm surfaces to survive and was rarely before found in the gulf.
Mississippi plans to cover 100 acres with limestone rubble, another type of artificial reef structure.
There’s even a company called Eternal Reefs that will mix your cremated remains with concrete to make a coral-supporting reef ball for placement on the ocean floor. And he provided documents showing that nearly two-thirds of the state’s spending of BP compensation money so far is for ecological restoration, such as enhancing bird rookeries, seagrass beds, and sea turtle habitats.
NOAA Fisheries spokeswoman Kim Amendola confirmed that the broader impact on fish populations is not part of the review. It may be that an artificial fishing reef is the marine equivalent of transforming a forest into a cornfield—but a cornfield is not going to restore an ecosystem. Prices are affordable, and with low-cost flights from the convenient travel hub of Bangkok, Sri Lanka is emerging as one of the planeta€™s best-value destinations. A new a€“ and steadily growing a€“ network of hiking and biking trails and improved infrastructure is making this glorious quilt of nature ever more accessible, while creating new employment for locals. That anonymity will likely fade away in 2013 as it bursts onto the world stage hosting a series of major sporting events.
The image overhaul has been overdue but ita€™s here, and in time for the inevitable party in 2013. In the past limited flights, difficult internal transport, a lack of infrastructure, a civil war and some particularly exotic strains of malaria all put travellers off.
Experience the Turkish section of the recently inaugurated Abrahama€™s Path walking trail, where accommodation is in simple Kurdish homestays, a long way from the tourist buzz of the coast or Istanbula€™s Old Town.
For visitors, the time to go is now, before the country reappears in travel agentsa€™ windows.
Die nach den Vorlagen geformten, real und lebendig wirkenden Wolfe, sind tatsachlich aus gefarbte Schafspelzen gefertigt, bestehen innen aus Stroh und Metalldrahten, die Kopfe sind teils aus Kunststoff gefertigt.
Left behind was a barren waste dump of tires that environmental agencies are still trying to clean up. Compared with the failed tire reef, the materials are better, and the placement more secure. Off southwest Florida, local governments are using BP money to help build what they claim will be the largest artificial reef in the Western Hemisphere, a quarter-mile on each side, constructed from 18,000 tons of concrete rubble, light poles, and pipes.
They end up weighing less than their counterparts that are pursuing a more dangerous, but otherwise healthier, life in the natural world. Plus, it seems fishermen can’t resist them, said William Lindberg, associate professor of marine behavioral ecology at the University of Florida.
Of the $20.8 billion in compensation BP agreed to pay in a legal settlement over the next decade and a half, $419 million is to go to recreational enhancements, which would include artificial reefs. Today travel is much easier, the civil strife is off the radar and lately even the mosquitoes arena€™t so threatening. The spoils of Iceland are no longer a secret, but theya€™re still yours for the taking a€“ and in 2013 youa€™ll still be well ahead of the curve. Be prepared to be overwhelmed: in both fauna and landscapes, the worlda€™s fourth-biggest island is otherworldly. The completed artificial reefs will join thousands of others in the gulf that successfully attract red snappers and other sought-after species, making them hugely popular with the fishing community. Consider this experiment: For a study of gag grouper, Lindberg and his colleagues set up secret artificial reefs in the gulf about 70 miles north of Tampa.



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