20% = the amount of your daily energy that your brain uses each day, the amount of your daily oxygen it uses, and the amount of blood it uses daily. Babe Ruth was tested by two Columbia psychology students and was determined to be working at 90% efficiency compared to the 60% efficiency measured for most people. Does this mean if I smoke, drink, do coke and womanize, my brain will have 90% efficiency too?
The human brain has the same general structure as the brains of other mammals, but is larger than any other in relation to body size. When I was only in the third grade, a man with his gun shot , close range, shot me in the top part of my brain of the head. The brain consist of water and billions of nerve cells and nerve fibers.It is surrounded by protective coverings called the meninges. Brain controls our Body .It keepsthe heart,Stomach,lungs,kidneys,and other vital organs working.
An exocortex is a theoretical artificial external information processing system that would augment a brain’s biological high-level cognitive processes. An individual’s exocortex would be composed of external memory modules, processors, IO devices and software systems that would interact with, and augment, a person’s biological brain. While [the traditional concept of] a cyborg has included artificial mechanical limbs, embedded chips and devices, another interesting concept is the exocortex, which is a brain-computer interface.
The noun exocortex is composed of the Greek-derived prefix exo-, meaning external or outside, and the Latin noun cortex, which originally meant bark but is used in neuroscience for the outer bark-like layer of the brain that is the site of most sophisticated cognitive information processing. The concept of an exocortex has intellectual roots both in the fields of computer science and evolutionary psychology.
A DARPA contemporary of Licklider, Douglas Engelbart, was thinking along similar lines in the field of computer science. This is an initial summary report of a project taking a new and systematic approach to improving the intellectual effectiveness of the individual human being.
From this basis, the concept of an exocortex, the direct coupling of the human mind with computers to leverage their respective complementary strengths, can be viewed as a result of the ever increasing symbiotic coupling between human and computers.
The exocortex concept also has roots in evolutionary psychology as a result of Merlin Donald of Queen’s University. The externalization of memory [via the use of external symbolic storage systems] has altered the actual memory architecture within which humans think, which is changing the role of biological memory, the way in which the human brain deploys its resources, and the form of modern culture.
Thus to Donald, the human mind has long been a hybrid structure built from the vestiges of earlier biological stages and combined with our new external symbolic systems. Speculative devices which fit the definition of exocortices were described in hard science fiction long before the term was coined; examples appear in Neuromancer by William Gibson and in The Peace War by Vernor Vinge, both published in 1984.
Charles Stross, the Hugo Award-nominated hard science fiction writer, has led the adoption of the term exocortex within science fiction circles. About ten billion humans are alive in the solar system, each mind surrounded by an exocortex of distributed agents, threads of personality spun right out of their heads to run on the clouds of utility fog – infinitely flexible computing resources as thin as aerogel – in which they live. Sometimes he isn’t certain he’s still human; too many threads of his consciousness seem to live outside his head, reporting back whenever they find something interesting. While initial recognition of the exocortex concept was nonexistent, this has changed as a result of Charles Stross’s recent publications and the growing awareness of brain-computer interfacing. To remain the web’s weavers and not its ensnared victims, we must merge with our electronic exocortex, wiring greater memory, thought processing and communication abilities directly into our brains. If one widens the definition of an exocortex, one can see that computational elements are already used as supporting elements of biological brains, and growing dependence on parts of the Internet that serve cognitive functions has brought what could be considered a proto-exocortex into existence. When I did my compulsory service in Iran Army Air Force, I revealed that revolution of Iran in 1970S was performed by UK Intelligence service MI6. They are indirectly ordering the government Of Iran to purchase Eastern powers military equipment to make a synthetic enemy in the region and controlling the policy of the region.Their agents in Iran were trying to prevent my travel to North America. The technology that are using in this operation are combination of UK, Japan and Canadian technology. The main goal of operation that was designed by MI6 was withdrawing US forces from the region and keeping power in the hand of Ayatollahs who have been created and are controlled by MI6. MIND CONTROL EUROPE, and the brain reading computers, brain-remote, neural monitoring, experimentation! Chemtrails, What is happening… Remote control of every single synapse and neuron for the person !
Super-human brain technology sparks ethics debate, technologies that tap into the brain and could bring super-human strength, highly enhanced concentration or thought-controlled weaponry. I do suspect that the brain is involved in the process, most likely the cerebral cortex part of the brain.
A healthy, wakeful human brain is a constantly running machine, doing tasks that no computer can approach.
There are probably other threads running concurrently with sensory input and thinking, taking care of keeping the body functioning as intended and minding other housekeeping chores, but forming an intent seems to me to be centered in the thinking thread. If our imagined future is perceived to be unfavorable, or not as favorable as we might like, we can decide in the thinking thread to take action that we believe will improve our situation.
There is an open question as to whether or not forming an intent or other activities that involve the consciousness take place entirely in the brain.
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Typically this interaction is described as being conducted through a direct brain-computer interface, making these extensions functionally part of the individual’s mind. In theory, the exocortex would be a computer-like processing system that would co-exist with and enhance the power of the human brain. It was coined in allusion to the neocortex (literally ‘new bark’), the newest part of the mammalian brain (in evolutionary history), believed to be responsible for the highest human cognitive abilities including conscious thought, spatial reasoning, and sensory perception. Later on he became one of the early pioneers in using wearable computers for augmented and computer-mediated reality. A detailed conceptual framework explores the nature of the system composed of the individual and the tools, concepts, and methods that match his basic capabilities to his problems. Donald, in the 1990 book Origins of the Modern Mind as well as later papers, proposed an evolutionary model of the mind, from a functionary perspective, from its origins in prehistoric apes to the modern human being. The development of an exocortex, which could result in significant functional reallocation, again fits well within this long established trend. Houston coined the term to refer concisely totightly-coupled cognition-level brain-computer interface technologies in the spirit of Licklider’s and Engelbart’s original visions. More recently Vinge, in A Fire Upon the Deep and several short stories, described the functional effects of what are essentially several kinds of exocortices – both those composed of computational elements, and those enabled by high-bandwidth communication between groups of beings. Beginning in 2004, Stross made use of the term in Elector, a short story published in the September issue of Asimov’s Science Fiction.

Wikipedia itself is an example, as technological interfaces enable inter-brain co-operation on high-level cognitive tasks. The main issue is that the required underlying technology is yet to be produced by the scientific research fields of (1) cognitive neuroscience, (2) computational neuroscience and (3) neural engineering.
They created Ayatollahs system (leaders of Iran and its sattelite countries in the region) to control the policy of the region. From when I came to Canada several years ago, agents of Iran intelligence service working with MI6 and some Canadian intelligence agents are trying to do brain washing by inducing voice messages ( to read what I am thinking in my mind) and inducing synthetic dreams when I am sleeping to put me in a status to forget the secret. However, now they are trying to create a brain injury or cancer by electromagnetic waves through inducing scary dreams and reading my mind voice while I am thinking now.Their agents in Canada tried to prevent me to pursue my PhD studies or find a job by blocking my emails. As events stream by us in their passage from the future to the past, our senses sample the information the events contain and the brain immediately sorts that sensory input into "important" and "not important".
And rather than teaching it programs, Google's staff have been exposing it to information from the Net so that it learns organically, a little like the way we humans do. Marijuana is good if eaten, not smoked, for brain stimulation ( delta 9 sativa specific) and alcohol, not nasty mikes hard cider or wild feather vanilla vodka but a natural fruit fermented alcohol such as any wine, red preferably, without sulfites and preservatives is good for cholesterol and fatty build up in your vascular system. Thus the terminology suggests a progression from reptilian thought (the older parts of the brain) through human (neocortex) to high-level human or even supra-human cognitive processing capabilities (exocortex). Although he does not refer to it as such, his personal wearable computer could be considered an exocortex.
One of the tools that shows the greatest immediate promise is the computer, when it can be harnessed for direct on-line assistance, integrated with new concepts and methods. Donald focuses significant attention on the use that modern humans make of external symbolic storage and manipulation systems—the range of technologies from cuneiforms, hieroglyphics, andideograms to alphabetic languages, mathematics and now computers.
Stross made more extensive uses of the term exocortex and its derivatives in Accelerando, his 2005 novel. The fulfillment of the initial vision of Licklider and Engelbart suggests that continued development along this path is likely.
They made some dummies using biomimetic technology and matched my central nervous system with them and they can induce touching senses when I am sleeping using those dummies.
Probably the great majority of our sensory input goes straight into the bit bucket, leaving only traces, if anything, in the consciously accessible memory. Running applications like the remembrance agent[2] on his wearable computer enhances his natural mental capabilities. The purposes of this paper are to present the concept and, hopefully, to foster the development of man-computer symbiosis by analyzing some problems of interaction between men and computing machines, calling attention to applicable principles of man-machine engineering, and pointing out a few questions to which research answers are needed.
From Donald’s perspective, these external symbolic systems have allowed for the functional reorganization of the human mind in how it deals with the world. Right now, the external threads of his consciousness are telling him that they like Annette…. Made more money bootlegging and illegalizing all of these things because we all seem to enjoy one or the other. The hope is that, in not too many years, human brains and computing machines will be coupled together very tightly, and that the resulting partnership will think as no human brain has ever thought and process data in a way not approached by the information-handling machines we know today.
They inevitable get all the profits when drug dealers spend the money they make putting back into white market circulation. Given that such power is usually imagined as belonging to some military research facility, why's Google trying it?The answer is manyfold.
Google's Knowledge Graph is the most recent example of how powerful semantic search can be.
689-692 (1962)A Human Perception of Illumination with Pulsed Ultrahigh-Frequency Electromagnetic Energyby Allan Frey, Science, Vol. Though this is a frivolous example, think about how you sometimes have to trawl through hundreds of Google search answers to find the one you want because searching for it isn't straightforward. An AI search may well be swifter and more helpful.But an AI trained like this would also make for an improved image recognition system, and also a much more astute voice recognition system.
That could turbocharge the usefulness of search using text or imagery on your Android phone. Baker, Youth Action Newsletter, Dec 1994.A "A nation can survive its' fools, and even the ambitious. An enemy at the gates is less formidable, for he is known and he carries his banners openly. But the traitor moves among those within the gate freely, his sly whispers rustling through all the galleys, heard in the very hall of government itself.
For the traitor appears not a traitor--He speaks in the accents familiar to his victims, and wears their face and their garment, and he appeals to the baseness that lies deep in the hearts of all men. He rots the soul of a nation--he works secretly and unknown in the night to undermine the pillars of a city--he infects the body politic so that it can no longer resist. The CIA also claims it is not obligated to provide the veterans with medical care for side effects of the drugs. Its the CIAs third attempt to get the case dismissed.In a 2009 federal lawsuit, Vietnam Veterans of America claimed that the Army and CIA had used at least 7,800 soldiers as guinea pigs in Project Paperclip. They were given at least 250 and as many as 400 types of drugs, among them sarin, one of the most deadly drugs known to man, amphetamines, barbiturates, mustard gas, phosgene gas and LSD.Among the projects goals were to control human behavior, develop drugs that would cause confusion, promote weakness or temporarily cause loss of hearing or vision, create a drug to induce hypnosis and identify drugs that could enhance a persons ability to withstand torture.
The suit was filed in federal court in San Francisco against the Department of Defense and the CIA. The plaintiffs seek to force the government to contact all the subjects of the experiments and give them proper health care. Department of Veterans Affairs released a pamphlet said nearly 7,000 soldiers had been involved and more than 250 chemicals used on them, including hallucinogens such as LSD and PCP as well as biological and chemical agents. According to the lawsuit, some of the volunteers were even implanted with electrical devices in an effort to control their behavior.
Rochelle, 60, who has come back to live in Onslow County, said in an interview Saturday that there were about two dozen volunteers when he was taken to Edgewood. They were told that the experiments were harmless and that their health would be carefully monitored, not just during the tests but afterward, too. The doctors running the experiments, though, couldnt have known the drugs were safe, because safety was one of the things they were trying to find out, Rochelle said.
The veterans say they volunteered for military experiments as part of a wide-ranging program started in the 1950s to test nerve agents, biological weapons and mind-control techniques, but were not properly informed of the nature of the experiments. They blame the experiments for poor health and are demanding the government provide their health care. In virtually all cases, troops served in the same capacity as laboratory rats or guinea pigs, the lawsuit states.
The suit contends that veterans were wrongfully used as test subjects in experiments such as MK-ULTRA, a CIA project from the 1950s and 60s that involved brainwashing and administering experimental drugs like LSD to unsuspecting individuals.

The project was the target of several congressional inquiries in the 1970s and was tied to at least one death. Harf said that MK-ULTRA was thoroughly investigated and the CIA fully cooperated with each of the investigations. The plaintiffs say many of the volunteers records have been destroyed or remain sealed as top secret documents. They also say they were denied medals and other citations they were promised for participating in the experiments. They are not seeking monetary damages but have demanded access to health care for veterans they say were turned away at Department of Veterans Affairs facilities because they could not prove their ailments were related to their military service. It grew out of the Agencys Operation BLACKBIRD and was a forerunner to the Agencys MKULTRA.
Project ARTICHOKE also known as Operation ARTICHOKE was run by the CIAs Office of Scientific Intelligence.
ARTICHOKE offensive mind control techniques experiments attempted to induce amnesia and highly suggestive states in its subjects. ARTICHOKE focused on the use of hypnosis, forced morphine addiction, forced morphine addiction withdrawal, along with other drugs, chemicals, and techniques. The main focus of the program was summarized in a January 1952 CIA memo, Can we get control of an individual to the point where he will do our bidding against his will and even against fundamental laws of nature, such as self-preservation?One program experiment attempted to see if it was possible to produce a Manchurian Candidate.
In Richard Condons 1959 novel The Manchurian Candidate an American soldier, who has been placed into a hypnotic state by Communist forces, returns home to assassinate on command. A January 1954 CIA report asks the question, Can an individual of [redacted] descent be made to perform an act of attempted assassination involuntarily under the influence of ARTICHOKE?
Argued December 4, 1984 Decided April 16, 1985 .Between 1953 and 1966, the Central Intelligence Agency financed a wide-ranging project, code-named MKULTRA, concerned with the research and development of chemical, biological, and radiological materials capable of employment in clandestine operations to control human behavior.
159, 162] program consisted of some 149 subprojects which the Agency contracted out to various universities, research foundations, and similar institutions. Because the Agency funded MKULTRA indirectly, many of the participating individuals were unaware that they were dealing with the Agency.MKULTRA was established to counter perceived Soviet and Chinese advances in brainwashing and interrogation techniques. Over the years the program included various medical and psychological experiments, some of which led to untoward results. These aspects of MKULTRA surfaced publicly during the 1970's and became the subject of executive and congressional investigations. Argued April 21, 1987 Decided June 25, 1987 Respondent, a serviceman, volunteered for what was ostensibly a chemical warfare testing program, but in which he was secretly administered lysergic acid diethylamide (LSD) pursuant to an Army plan to test the effects of the drug on human subjects, whereby he suffered severe personality changes that led to his discharge and the dissolution of his marriage. Upon being informed by the Army that he had been given LSD, respondent filed a Federal Tort Claims Act (FTCA) suit. The District Court granted the Government summary judgment on the ground that the suit was barred by the doctrine of Feres v.
135 , which precludes governmental FTCA liability for injuries to servicemen resulting from activity incident to service. Although agreeing with this holding, the Court of Appeals remanded the case upon concluding that respondent had at least a colorable constitutional claim under the doctrine of Bivens v.
388 , whereby a violation of constitutional rights can give rise to a damages action against the offending federal officials even in the absence of a statute authorizing such relief, unless there are special factors counselling hesitation or an explicit congressional declaration of another, exclusive remedy. Respondent then amended his complaint to add Bivens claims and attempted to resurrect his FTCA claim.
Although dismissing the latter claim, the District Court refused to dismiss the Bivens claims, rejecting, inter alia, the Governments argument that the same considerations giving rise to the Feres doctrine should constitute special factors barring a Bivens action.In February 1958, James B.
Stanley, a master sergeant in the Army stationed at Fort Knox, Kentucky, volunteered to participate in a program ostensibly designed to test the effectiveness of protective clothing and equipment as defenses against chemical warfare. He was released from his then-current duties and went to the Armys Chemical Warfare Laboratories at the Aberdeen Proving Grounds in Maryland. Four times that month, Stanley was secretly administered doses of lysergic acid diethylamide (LSD), pursuant to an Army plan to study the effects of the drug on human subjects.
According to his Second Amended Complaint (the allegations of which we accept for purposes of this decision), as a result of the LSD exposure, Stanley has suffered from hallucinations and periods of incoherence and memory loss, was impaired in his military performance, and would on occasion awake from sleep at night and, without reason, violently beat his wife and children, later being unable to recall the entire incident. One year later, his marriage dissolved because of the personality changes wrought by the LSD.
December 10, 1975, the Army sent Stanley a letter soliciting his cooperation in a study of the long-term effects of LSD on volunteers who participated in the 1958 tests. 669, 672] This was the Governments first notification to Stanley that he had been given LSD during his time in Maryland. 2671 et seq., alleging negligence in the administration, supervision, and subsequent monitoring of the drug testing program.
Ewen Cameron): The man who I had thought cared about what happened to me didnt give a damn.
Ewen Cameron conducted CIA-funded experiments on troubled Canadian patients he was meant to help MacIntyre: the CIA caved in the day before the trial was to begin.
They settled out of court for $750,000 at the time it was the largest settlement the CIA had ever awarded. 28, 1984 (digital clip) It sounds like a science fiction plot or a horror movie: A front organization for the American CIA sets up shop in Canada to engage in mind control experiments. But its no fiction, its the discussion on the floor of the House of Commons and among lawyers for the Department of External Affairs. Canadians caught up in the research, including a member of Parliaments wife, may finally get some action from the government in their pursuit of answers and compensation. Recruited Ex-Nazis By SAM ROBERTS December 11, 2010 After World War II, American counterintelligence recruited former Gestapo officers, SS veterans and Nazi collaborators to an even greater extent than had been previously disclosed and helped many of them avoid prosecution or looked the other way when they escaped, according to thousands of newly declassified documents. Men who were classified as ardent Nazis were chosen just weeks after Hitlers defeat to become respectable U.S. Reinhard Gehlen (middle) and his SS united were hired, and swiftly became agents of the CIA when they revealed their massive records on the Soviet Union to the US. The men designed the CIAs interrogation program and also personally took part in the waterboarding sessions.
But to do the job, the CIA had to promise to cover at least $5 million in legal fees for them in case there was trouble down the road, former U.S.
For the simple reason that it would inexorably lead to the covert biological war programmes of the 1950's.
According to CIA documents, K indicates both knockout and kill, depending upon the circumstances under which researched biological products were employed by CIA operatives in the field operations conducted under Project Artichoke and later programs.

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