Chapman University student Leah Sukenik shares her experience as she visits a dynamic and interactive research and development complex Fusionworld at Fusionopolis located at the One-North business park in Singapore.
The video game created at Fusionopolis is currently showing positive effects in brain function and neuron connectivity. The game works by placing a devise on the player’s head and ears that calibrates their brain waves. This mind controlled video game created in One-North’s Fusionopolis is a healthy way to exercise the brain and a fun way to do it.
Today, January 8, is Hawking’s birthday, yet on this day it’s worth examining just who and what we are really celebrating: the man, the mind or … the machines? In one version of Hawking’s eulogistic story, we praise the smartest person in the world, the brilliant physicist, one of the greatest cosmologists of our time.
But in another version of Hawking’s story, we notice that he is more “incorporated” than any other scientist, let alone human being. Helene Mialet is an anthropologist of science and technology interested in innovation and creativity. This is not just like exchanging ideas with colleagues or having someone sort our mail: This is multiplying the ideas and sorting the cues that drive our interactions with the world. Hawking’s condition makes necessary the mechanization (the hierarchization, standardization, and routinization) of his human-machine based environment. This extended body network – composed of machines and human beings – allows a simple yes or a no to become operational. But there’s a complexity behind this simplicity, much like the way simple user interfaces we use everyday obscure the complex processes behind their use. A “yes” answer to the question “Do you want to go to this conference?” will allow Hawking to travel from one end of the earth to the other – without having done anything more than twitch an eyebrow.
At the same time, this voice effaces – and makes us forget – the role of the machine insofar as it speaks for, comes from, and marks the presence of a public persona. How is this different than other stars – or even the president – surrounded by an entourage responsible for meeting their needs and marketing their image? Hawking’s assistants complete his thoughts, making us rethink the dichotomy between humans and machines. Both Hawking and celebrities hold authority from their positions at the top of the hierarchy, while the bottom of that hierarchy makes it possible for these stars to enact and maintain their positions at the top.
It also helps us rethink the dichotomy between those who are in charge, and those who execute. Hawking’s persona, his disability, and his embodied network thus becomes a window on our machines, the nature of work, and even our representation of scientific heroes.
Because, surrounded as we are by our world of technology and digital information, aren’t we all disabled? Serious mind uploading researchers have emerged recently, taking this seemingly science-fictional notion seriously and pursuing it via experimental and theoretical research programs, Goertzel and Ilke’ note.
At the request of KurzweilAI, the publishers have kindly made both the Introduction and the first paper by Koene, Fundamentals Of Whole Brain Emulation: State, Transition And Update Representations, open access, available in full text on the International Journal of Machine Consciousness website. July 6, 2012 by Kaziel The much needed technology is a fully developed brain-computer-interface.
July 4, 2012 by Editor OK, cool, a whole new concept: downloading! July 6, 2012 by KingBrandonM If God exists i would prefer to go to Hell, it seems like a much more enjoyable place tbh.
July 6, 2012 by GPtest Testing comments with an alt (this is Giulio).
It is ironic to me that people are so afraid of uploading when that is exactly what will stop our daily practice of dying. July 2, 2012 by Chris Can we get a higher-res version of the illustration please? June 27, 2012 by Bri Since the post have stopped, I guess it’s safe to write some more.
You can say the same about tomorrow’s version of you (the person who will wake up in your bed tomorrow). The previous ones were like slightly dumb and ignorant versions of me, less and less as you get closer to now, and the coming ones will be, while physically deteriorating (not that much for a few decades since I eat right and exercise) mentally awesomer and awesomer, hopefully until the very end. June 27, 2012 by Opspersec A summary of the actual technological steps forward (engineering, science) presented in this issue would be nice for those of us who prefer that sort of thing. Maybe it is physically impossible to copy a mind without destroying the original at the same time though, so that at any instant in time there can only be ONE mind with that particular subjective perspective that supervenes on the mind. June 26, 2012 by Bri With a name like snake I can see you have fangs. June 26, 2012 by Bri As I said, even radical upgrade would result in continuity.
July 18, 2012 by Sonhouse I think you are absolutely correct and our advances will dwarf anything we can conceive now, from our very limited points of view. June 26, 2012 by iterator Wow, so many ignore the process by which we’ve allowed machines greater access into our existence. June 26, 2012 by John Doe I would imagine that if I were to replace a single neuron in my head with an artificial neuron, that I would retain the same level of consciousness, and that if this process repeated, I would continue to be aware. Maybe due to the complexity of the brain (the interaction of hormones etc) it will result in a pure neuronal simulation being incomplete, and we would transfer our minds into a state of incompleteness, but that is to prejudice the ability for us to simulate even the immensely complex interactions of our brain in its brain soup. June 26, 2012 by aus You can do a simple thought experiment to determine if mind uploading will result in immortality. Say you did a non-destructive upload to a computer, that is your memories are uploaded to the computer but your brain is left intact and perfectly functioning in your skull. So you wake up from this uploading procedure and you have a conversation with the computer. June 27, 2012 by Alex I see your argument as unfinished or at least half. Ok so finally you discover that you lost a physical body and are in the process of evaluating your experience in compairing it with what you used to feel when you had a “real Biological body” and you say things like i wonder what people think of me now that i am the fake me ?


June 27, 2012 by MatthewQ Your physical meat body would continue on the downward trajectory of decrepitude and die- of course. The scenario you mention of waking up and having the conversation with yourself is a very interesting point but it also contains a bit of the answer. I think it would not be so bad having yourself as a companion for the rest of your days when viewed in this liight.
June 26, 2012 by Matthew Fuller Thank you, thanks, and thank you for the quick peak. However, smart persons have been discussing this for decades, and will probably continue for other decades, until mind uploading will be operational routine, at which point I think the metaphysical doubts will disappear like a snowflake in the sun. Re reading the papers, note that “Editor Ben Goertzel has also gathered links to informal, “preprint” versions of the papers in this Special Issue, hosted on the paper authors’ websites.
Of course hypothetical techniques such as non-destructive uploading and synthetic cell replacement further complicate this issue.
The Kurzweil Accelerating Intelligence newsletter concisely covers relevant major science and technology breakthroughs (daily or weekly) via e-mail. There are Five themed zones that capture some of the most amazing applications of technology in our daily lives and FusionWorld hopes to fuel students’ interest in science and engineering disciplines to cultivate future scientists.
It has been found that “training in impulse-control and memory minimized distraction and improved concentration and behavior” (DesMarais, 2011). It is using electroencephalograph, or EEG, technology in the headsets to pick up the radio waves and their frequency at which the brain gives these waves off to control the game. It has numerous benefits that can help all age groups and has the potential to even help with some mental disorders without the use of medication. He fits perfectly well with our conception of how science and its heroes work: To be a genius all one needs is a powerful – a “beautiful” – mind. He is delegated across numerous other bodies: technicians, students, assistants, and of course, machines.
I interviewed all the people around him: his nurses, personal assistants, students, colleagues and even the journalists. For example: The specialties of his students, which are spread across very different research fields, enable him to integrate diverse information and the different facets of a problem in a way that others cannot.
Only in this case we’re talking about a human being — not a smartphone or computer screen. His artificial voice offers another instrument of thought: What is well conceived is well said, and this is more true in Hawking’s case. This is despite the fact that every utterance is written in advance, either by Hawking or someone in his embodied network. But in Hawking’s case, the network is much more – almost completely – distributed and intimately embodied. But Hawking’s assistants – human and machine – complete his thoughts through their work; they classify, attribute meaning, translate, perform. While far less embodied, just think about Obama’s brain trust on the night of the election: Were they not part of Obama’s brain? Popular media shows us that Hawking is a pure, isolated, once-in-a-lifetime genius; ethnographic analysis shows us that Hawking is not that different from other scientists even though he has a disability. We, like Hawking, like Obama and his brain trust, are unable to think and complete the results of our thoughts without being attached to a network of people, instruments, machines – and the living laboratories through which it is all distributed. Koene (a contributor of two papers to this volume) has formed a nonprofit organization called Carbon Copies (carboncopies.org) to promote mind uploading research. These preprint versions are not guaranteed to be identical to the final published versions, but the content should be essentially the same, he advises. Once this is figured out, the rest should be relatively fast-forward, since the basic framework for brain emulation is already available, but strangely ignored. I’m using it as a desktop wallpaper, I have a 1080p monitor, and it looks ugly with bitmap scaling. But even in older age, you may reconfigure your mind so profoundly in just a few years (or days or less?) that versions from just a few thousand days ago seem alien. Then it could be that i AM the computer once my mind gets uploaded to it and the manifestation of my mind as a brain perishes at the same time that it is copied. We’ll look back in 100 years and giggle at how simple we were, just as we look back today at 100 years ago. We’ve come a long way from sharpened rock, to wooden teeth, to artificial hearts, and now artificial ears and eyes.
What’s crucial is that the pattern of action potential is maintained, as it is this massively parallel dynamic process that gives rise to consciousness I think. Your mind would have also been uploaded to a new substrate and continue in the this format too. I think your original meat body would still go through a lot of the normal anxieties about mortality and death. If so, once you upload thoughts and memories, you upload also consciousness, whatever that is.
That is that a computer that uploads your mind may have your memories and thoughts, but not your consciousness. Thanks to the work in EEG scans, this video game controlled by focusing only one’s mind was able to come into existence. For stroke patients who are struggling with memory and motor functions, this game has shown to help improve these issues by increasing their brain strength. At this point, this type of brain control technology is only able to track “the brain’s ability to concentrate and relax but not specific, purposeful actions” (Hay, 2012). Through EEG technology, the headset placed on the head and ears is able to pick up and measure the electrical impulses and radio waves the brain emits while concentrating and relaxing, allowing the game to play. For those who know him, Hawking may be able to communicate through his eyes; but for the rest of us, his sole means of communicating is through infrared connection to his computer. And indeed, because of his disability, Hawking embodies the mythical figure capable of grasping the ultimate laws of the universe with nothing but the sheer strength of his reasoning: He can’t move his body, so everything must be in his mind.


Hawking’s “genius,” far from being the product of his mind alone, is in fact profoundly located, material, and collective in nature. His secretary provides him with a mental assistant many of us would never have, by sorting and arranging his data according to his interests and what he is able to process. It is in more ways the ultimate realization of Doug Engelbart’s early vision of augmenting human intellect through technology. But it is mostly about living our lives – and creating the heroes in them – through machines. Since he doesn’t speak, his disability forces him to be even more clear in his mind and less worried about all the work those utterances entail. In the same way his students perform the calculations upon which his speeches (and articles) will be based.
Hawking isn’t just issuing remote commands and expressed desires, his entire body and even his entire identity have become the property of a collective human-machine network.
In fact, it’s precisely because of his disability that we get to see how all scientists work … and how the entire world will work one day. So, add us to your ad blocker’s whitelist or pay $1 per week for an ad-free version of WIRED.
Olympics gonna get nuked in a month then ww3 starts and then it’s only a matter of months, not years. Besides, Heaven is filled past the brim with people i hate, why would i want to spend eternity there?
The difference in subjective perspective becomes very evident if you think of the version of you that existed 30 years ago, or will exist in 30 years. Maybe the subjective perspective gets preserved then, but i think there is no way to ever verify this from a third perspective.
Why does it not occur to some that a new substrate should take over as portions of the old substrate are either disabled or made obsolete. For children of school age who have played the game have also show an improvement in school and their ability to focus. The prefrontal cortex, which controls “higher thinking—such as emotions, mental states and concentration” is where the headset is picking up the brain waves from (DesMarais, 2011).
He is what I call a distributed centered-subject: a brain in a vat, living through the world outside the vat. All of the worlds FreeThinkers, Intellectuals, Visionaries, all my friends, and almost everyone i idolize are going to Hell according to most Christians so obviously thats the place to be. According to Christina DesMarais from PCWorld, mind controlled video games help “children ages 7-13 improve impulse control, memory, attention and relaxation.” Some psychiatrists believe that mind controlled video games such as these could help patients with ADD, ADHD, PTSD, and anxiety as an alternative to medication (Hay, 2012).
The more a person concentrates on something, the higher the frequency of the brain waves emitted and the quicker the character in the game runs and captures fruit. Personally im Atheist, formerly Caholic until i read the bible and realized its complete and utter BS. To move from one substrate to another while maintaining a coherent consciousness, you must iteratively replace the old susbstrate with the new, until all that remains is the new. These mental issues can be under the patient’s own control through them exercising their ability to govern their relaxed state and concentration, and exercising these states in a fun way.
It would be interesting to see if concentrating on different types of things helped to improve this functionality more so than others. Now i am a Biotechnology major in my first year of college and i hope to become a Synthetic Biologist and work in the field of Genetic Enineering, i am hoping to participate in the process of improving mankind.
I’m not suggesting that uploading your mind would be a simple process by any means, but it is not impossible. For instance if someone were to think about their daily routine versus a dance routine, would there be a significant difference in the benefit to the brain? I personally cannot wait until the Rapture, so you guys can finally leave me alone, if Jesus doesnt come for you soon, im calling a cab. The video game is an interesting piece of technology that hopefully will find itself a common place in homes in the near future. The problem with faith is that you dont truly know, with science you do know and if your wrong you have the luxury of changing your beliefs, in religion you dont have that luxury, its infallible even in the face of blatant contradicting evidence to the contrary, you just shut your eyes and pretend it isnt there, we look at the evidence and if it supports it we accept it, if it doesnt we dont. The Skeptic web site is real, but it wouldn’t let me apply for the million dollar prize. Later, as I was in the bathroom, I had that feeling like an elevator drop, and I saw more clearly the area that I would be stopped. It’s relatively easy to project extensions of my spirit, but it is firmly bound to my body.
It was on the way to my job site, one block before I would turn of merrick Rd in Masapequa. As I got into my van, it hit me again, but this time I could see it as if I were within that block. As I turned on to Merrick Rd I could see a cop car, pulled over to the side, with it’s lights on. If you live for a thousand more years in the future, then you have’nt met yourself till you have those experiences. It strikes me very plainly that even though it hasn’t happened in our time frame, it still has happened already. I have avoided several car accidents because I moved out of the way of an accident that I witnessed in front of me up the road before it happened. It may be hard for me to tell you something to convince you of the truth I’m telling.



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