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19.02.2014
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At the most basic level, women usually have breast cancer for two reasons: 1) They are a woman and 2) They are aging. We also can look at a handful of other factors that might slightly increase breast cancer risk but are really out of our hands.
None of these factors will automatically cause breast cancer, but we can consider them clues about a patient’s specific cancer diagnosis. Enter your email address to subscribe to this blog and receive notifications of new posts by email. Clinical trials are important for improving cancer treatment, and it’s important that all studies are completed.
Breast Cancer Subtypes. The challenge of competing studies is apparent in breast cancer treatment research. Although people with BRCA mutations can develop breast cancer in any of these subtypes, people with mutations tend to develop specific subtypes of breast cancer. If these studies cannot complete enrollment due to lack of participants, they are at risk of being closed.
More general advanced ovarian cancer clinical trials will draw from women with and without BRCA mutations. This leaves fewer BRCA mutation carrier participants available to complete the studies specifically designed for mutation carriers. The prospect of not being able to complete HBOC-specific clinical trials is troubling for the HBOC community, and could be disastrous to the research we need: a mutation carrier with breast or ovarian cancer has a higher likelihood of finding and enrolling in a less-specific clinical trial than one of the few studies open to someone with their specific cancer and mutation type. In order for progress to be made, and for new drugs to be tested and successful drugs to be approved, all of these clinical trials must be completed.
FORCE has outreach groups throughout the United States and in Essex, United Kingdom that meet periodically to offer peer support, and share resources.
Abstract Breast cancer is the most common cancer in females, and is the second most common cause of death.
Prolactin is a polypeptide hormone that is secreted by lactotrophs of the anterior pituitary gland.
Hyperprolactinemia is the most common disorder of the hypothalamic-pituitary-gonadal (HPG) axis4 and can have physiological causes - pregnancy, nursing, sleep, stress, sexual intercourse or pathological causes - tumor called prolactinomaMultiple factors are involved in prolactin secretion (Figure 1).
The prevalence of hyperprolactinemia is low in the general population (0.4%), but it can be as high as 9 to 17 % in women with reproductive disordersThe disease occurs more frequently in women than in men, multiple signs and symptoms associated with hyperprolactinemia (Table 1). Multiple variables affect probability of development of breast cancer (Table 2) and a number of important factors determine the risk for breast cancer, and the most important of these seem to be related to estrogen and possibly prolactin (Table 3).
A woman whose natural menopause occurs before age 45 has only half the breast cancer risk of those whose menopause occurs after the age of 557. Hyperprolactinemia is caused by these agents by blocking D2 receptors on lactotrophs and thus preventing inhibition of prolactin secretion. Most studies have shown that conventional antipsychotics are associated with a two to tenfold increase in prolactin levels9, 10.
Prolactin is known to increase the incidence of spontaneously occurring mammary tumors in mice14 and increase the growth of established carcinogen-induced mammary tumors in rats15. Prolactin and other sex hormones such as, estradiol and progesteroneare important in normal mammary gland growth and developmentas well as lactation.
Several studies have linked hyperprolactinemia to an increased risk of breast cancer in women17, 18. One of the hypothesized roles of prolactin in the development of mammary tumors is to create mammary gland conditions favorable for the action of carcinogens through its stimulation of the rate of mammary gland DNA synthesis, a measure of the frequency of mammary gland cell division19.
Several epidemiological studies have investigated whether female psychiatric patients receiving treatment with antipsychotics have a higher incidence of breast cancer but results have been conflicting. Conversely, other studies have shown no correlation between hyperprolactinemia and breast cancer21, 22. In view of these problems it would be of interest to go around the contentious issue of possible carcinogenic effects of dopamine antagonists using a classical condition of dopamine loss or attenuation as in Parkinson's disease (PD). Another recent study showed that dopaminergic therapy inhibits angiogenesis thereby acting as an anti-tumor agent29. Epidemiological studies of women who have received prolactin-releasing drugs such as reserpine and perphenazine have not disclosed increased risk30. Antipsychotics have been hypothesized to account for the reduced cancer occurrence observed in patients with schizophrenia in a number of studies. In addition, a study found a reduced risk of rectal cancer in both men and women as well as indications of a reduced risk of colon and prostate cancer in this population-based cohort of neuroleptic users.
Hyperprolactinemia results from treatment with any drug that disrupts dopaminergic function on the HPG axis and is not limited to the use of antipsychotics. Management of supposed anti-psychotic associated hyperprolactinemia should exclude all other causes, involve regular monitoring of adverse effects and include a regular risk-benefit discussion with patient. It seems prudent to avoid prescribing prolactin-raising antipsychotics in patients with past history or family history of breast cancer.
It is premature to mandate warning patients of an unknown and undemonstrated increase in the risk of developing breast cancer associated with neuroleptic treatment.
Patient history, physical examination, pregnancy test, thyroid function test, blood urea and creatinine level can help determine if other etiologies are responsible. Presence of headache and visual field defects is suggestive of a sellar space-occupying lesion (MRI indicated), but the absence of these features does not exclude such pathology.
History of menstrual cycling (duration, amount and intervals of menstruation) as well as lactation and sexual functioning should be taken before antipsychotic medication is initiated.
Obtain a pretreatment prolactin level, which one can compare with subsequent samples if the patient develops symptoms associated with relatively modest hyperprolactinemia.
The risk-benefit ratio for treatment of antipsychotic-induced hyperprolactinemia needs to be assessed on an individual basis. If there is doubt about the cause of the hyperprolactinemia, patient should be referred to an endocrinologist. Further prospective studies are needed in this area, with large number of patients, before a more definitive answer can be provided.
Detection of existing mammary tumor by breast examination or studies (mammogram) is recommended prior to administration of neuroleptics.
Development of newer antipsychotic drugs that do not increase serum prolactin level may be indicated. Most studies report no increased risk of breast cancer associated with use of these medications. Only one study reported a positive correlation between neuroleptic induced hyperprolactinemia and increased risk of breast cancer. At this time we do not have definitive data suggesting increased risk of breast cancer secondary to hyperprolactinemia caused by antipsychotics. Author concludes that thorough screening of patient should be best desirable before starting of antipsychotics to avoid any add-on risk. The above article is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International License. Nearly everyone in the 1950s and 1960s was exposed to the pesticide, and its use continues in Africa.
The cause of most breast cancer is unknown, but a new study found that women exposed in the womb to the now banned pesticide DDT have a quadrupled risk of developing the disease.
Women exposed in the womb to high levels of the pesticide DDT have a nearly fourfold increased risk of developing breast cancer, according to new results of research conducted on California mothers and daughters for more than half a century.
The legacy of the insecticide, so ubiquitous that most people still carry traces of it in their bodies, continues more than four decades after it was banned in the United States. The findings, published Tuesday, are based on a research project involving three generations of women in the San Francisco Bay Area. Studying what happens before birth may hold the key to understanding who gets breast cancer, experts say. Some environmental scientists have long suspected, based on lab studies, that prenatal exposure to DDTa€”which can mimic estrogen and might turn key genes on and offa€”could fundamentally alter the way a woman's breast tissue grows, making her more susceptible to breast cancer decades later.
The pesticide DDT is sprayed on the indoor walls of a family home in Zambia's Lusaka Province to combat malaria, which is spread by mosquitoes.
In the new study by the state and federally funded Public Health Institute, based in Berkeley, California, DDT levels were measured in the mothers of 118 daughters who were diagnosed with breast cancer by age 52 and compared with levels in mothers of 354 daughters without breast cancer. In addition, daughters exposed to the higher levels of DDT were more likely to be diagnosed with aggressive tumors and advanced stages of the disease, according to the study.
In their study, the researchers, led by epidemiologist Barbara Cohn, cite several limitations of the study, including a small number of participants with breast cancer.
Nearly everyone between the 1940s and early 1970s was exposed to DDT, which was widely sprayed on crops and vegetation to kill an array of insects. Experts say it may be difficult to tease out how many cases of breast cancer might be linked to prenatal DDT exposure in the coming yearsa€”and even harder yet to tell whether exposure could be linked to any individual cases. Women who were exposed to the pesticide during the 1950s and 1960s are just now reaching the age of heightened breast cancer risk. The nearly fourfold increased risk linked to DDT is considered high compared with other lifestyle factors, such as heavy alcohol drinking, which raises the risk of breast cancer 1.5-fold. Mothers with newborns were enrolled in the study through their health insurance provider, Kaiser Permanente, between 1959 and 1967. Cohn says the group is uniquely positioned to answer questions about fetal development and disease risk that few other studies in the world can answer. Over the years, hundreds of scientific studies have been published about these women, including some offering the first clues that smoking during pregnancy could harm the fetus.
Although it has been banned throughout most of the world, DDT is still used in Africa to kill mosquitoes that carry malaria, which sickens 200 million people worldwide every year.
In South Africa, DDT is sprayed on the inside walls of mud and clay houses in three malaria-endemic provinces, says Tiaan de Jager, director of the University of Pretoria Centre for Sustainable Malaria Control.


The new findings serve as a cautionary tale about the way chemicals are regulated and introduced to market, says Jonathan Chevrier, an environmental health scientist at McGill University in Montreal.
Brody hopes the researchers' findings can be used to help predict what other chemicals might increase breast cancer risk.
Laurie Havas, 54, of Martinez, California, found out in her early 20s, after her mother had passed away from pancreatic cancer, that her mother had enrolled in the scientific study and provided blood samples shortly after Havas's birth. Havas says she feels grateful for the opportunity to carry on her mother's unique legacy by participating in the research.
For study-group participant Ida Washington, 54, of Oakland, California, the findings are especially personal.
While it's impossible for women to know how much DDT they were exposed to years ago or to go back and change things, there are still steps women can take to reduce their risk of breast cancer, says Karen Kostroff, chief of breast surgery for the North Shore-LIJ Health System in Lake Success, New York.
Because October is Breast Cancer Awareness Month, it’s even more crucial to stay up to date on news related to the disease and women’s health in general. There are many resources out there explaining how simple lifestyle changes among women can lower their risk of developing breast cancer. In honor of Breast Cancer Awareness Month, we’ve rounded up some of the top headlines on happenings related to the national health observance. The famous superhero comics will now feature characters like Thor, Captain America, Black Widow and Iron Man with pops of hot pink in their costumes on the comic book covers.
The popular fitness centers are putting extra effort into raising awareness on the importance of risk management, early detection and early treatment for breast cancer. As part of the ‘Ellen’ show’s “Ellen for the Cure,” actor Liam Neeson stripped down in front of a live studio audience until he was wearing only bright pink undies on Monday. Rebuilding Your Body After Chemo What are the best ways to get healthy after going through chemotherapy?
Buying Medicines Over the Internet Have you had a good or bad experience with buying medications online?
5 Things to Consider About Healthcare Reform  What should you consider when it comes to healthcare reform? WE ARE NO LONGER ACCEPTING PATIENTS FOR BREAST AUGMENTATION AS THE CLINIC IS CONCENTRATING ON STEM CELL TRANSPLANT AND HGH THERAPY, THANK YOU. Women who feel their breasts are small, that as a result of gravity or childbearing their breasts have lost volume or firmness. Women who have reached their full maturity development, who know that a breast augmentation will bring them better satisfaction of themselves, but not a complete unattainable perfection.
The techniques depend on the desired outcome of the patient and the preferences of each plastic surgeon. The general procedure starts with defining what type of incision both the patient and surgeon agree on: underneath the breast, just above the crease (inframammary), around the nipple area (peri-areolar), in the armpit area (transaxilary), or in the naval area (TUBA). We have over 20 years of breast surgical experience and are second to none, plus you'll enjoy a week's vacation in beautiful Puerto Vallarta, Mexico. There is a tendency in plastic surgeons to prefer under the muscle (sub-muscular) placement of the implant rather than placement under the gland (sub-glandular). Implants used vary in shape and sizes, all of them are silicone-shelled elastomer, and Silincone filled implants. The most common implants used are the round silicone ones of the Round Collection, since they provide a more voluptous result, especially if placed under the pectoralis major muscle. NO, while it might be possible with some surgeons to allow only local anesthesia, we would rather have this procedures done correctly and will use general anesthesia in the sub-glandular placement of the implant. Yes, there is no direct correlation between inability to breastfeed and having a breast augmentation procedure. The risk of losing sensation in your nipple is a 2 to 3%, regardless of where the incision is placed. It depends on the type of skin you have, or the amount of extra skin you had before the breast augmentation, and the placement and size of the implant you and your surgeon decided on. Breast Implants Augmentation, mammaplasty, is a cosmetic procedure that uses implants to enlarge and shape the breasts.
Every surgical procedure involves a certain amount of risk and it is important that you understand the risks involved with augmentation mammaplasty.
Long term results: Subsequent alterations in breast shape may occur as the result of aging, weight loss or gain, pregnancy, or other circumstances not related to augmentation mammaplasty. An individual's choice to undergo a surgical procedure is based on the comparison of the risk to potential benefit. While every patient experiences her own individual risks and benefits following breast implant surgery, clinical data suggests that most women will be satisfied with the outcome of breast implant surgery despite the occurrence of problems inherent with breast implant surgery. Pain is one of the big determinants in deciding whether to undergo a Breast Enlargements Augmentation, or any type of Breast Surgery procedure, thata€™s why we dedicate a large amount of time regarding Pain Control. You can read about Implants, what they look like, how they feel and all the risks you take once you decide that Breast Enlargement Augmentation Surgery is right for you. Top 10 chemicals that may cause breast cancer (& chemicals to avoid), These can be present in plastic containers. Can men get breast cancer?, However, because the man has that small amount of breast tissue, he is able to develop breast cancer. 10 things to know if breast cancer runs in your family - In most cases of breast cancer, these genes turn faulty because of some environmental factor, like smoking or too much radiation but if you carry the most common genetic mutation (brca1), your lifetime risk of developing breast cancer shoots up.
Top 10 chemicals that may cause breast cancer (& chemicals to avoid) - These can be present in plastic containers. What you need to know about breast cancer - Research has shown that most women will never get breast cancer. Hormone replacement therapy strongly linked to breast cancer study - The canadian breast cancer foundation recognizes hrt as a possible modifiable risk factor of breast cancer.
To ensure the best web experience, please upgrade to the latest standard browser for your computer. A breast cancer diagnosis can be scary and confusing, and it raises a lot of questions. There are certainly risk factors involved, which I will discuss later, but we can’t ever point to one exact reason for a positive diagnosis.
While family history is critical to understanding a patient’s susceptibility to breast cancer, it does not rank as one of the most important risk factors.
Monitoring your lifestyle choices now can help your body age stronger and healthier and can help you avoid breast cancer. As we gain weight, normal hormone levels are altered, which can cause a list of health problems, including breast cancer. Unless otherwise stated, the blog articles will be written by Sue Friedman, Executive Director of FORCE. About 7% of all breast cancer cases and about 18% of ovarian cancer cases are caused by a BRCA mutation. However, we need to balance the recruitment of BRCA mutation carriers into more general clinical trials so we don’t deplete the potential pool of participants for BRCA-specific studies. Breast cancer is categorized into several different subtypes based on features of the tumor. These cancers tend to respond to hormonal treatments such as tamoxifen and aromatase inhibitors.
As most cancer is not hereditary, mutation carriers make up a minority of the patients in each of these subtypes.
Because many BRCA1 and some BRCA2 mutation carriers have TNBC tumors, their participation in these open studies decreases the potential pool of participants for BRCA-specific studies. Everyone benefits if we can get the maximum number of studies enrolled without sacrificing participation in smaller, less numerous, or very specific clinical trials for very specific subtypes of cancer.
And having more agents with FDA approval translates to more tools for oncologists to help members of our community prevent and survive hereditary cancer.
There are several factors which increase a woman's risk for the development of breast cancer. Prolactin secretion shows a circadian rhythm1, with highest levels occurring during the night and the nadir occurring during the afternoon and eveningThe best known function of prolactin is the stimulation and maintenance of lactation. However, hyperprolactinemia is also a common side-effect of traditional antipsychotics (e.g. Furthermore, it has been suggested that the degree of elevation of prolactin correlates with the degree of occupation of D2 receptors in excess of 50%8.
In general, second generation antipsychotics produce a lower increase in prolactin than conventional agentsAmong second generation antipsychotics associated with increased prolactin are amisulpride, zotepine and risperidone11, 12, 13. Both animal and in vitro data suggestthat prolactin is involved in tumorigenesis by promotingcell proliferation, increasing cell motility,and improving tumor vascularization. Mechanisms that have been suggested to explain this possible action of prolactin include the increased synthesis and expression of prolactin receptors in malignant breast tissue and a prolactin-induced increase in DNA synthesis in breast cancer cells in vivo18. However, the most recent and methodologically strong study, found that antipsychotic dopamine receptor antagonists conferred a small but significant risk of breast cancer. Furthermore, as most breast cancers are thought to be fueled by estrogen23, and hyperprolactinemia causes estrogen deficiency24, it is perhaps surprising that hyperprolactinemia has been linked with an increased risk of breast cancer. Using computerized registers of death data of the National Center of Health Statistics for years 1991 through 1996, estimated 12,430,473 deaths of persons over forty, and extracted 144,364 cases with PDTellingly, PD patients showed a highly significant reduction of overall cancer incidence. This reduction has been found primarily in men in smoking-related cancers, and in prostate and rectal cancer. Aripiprazole, Olanzapine, Quetiapine or Clozapine) usually proves effective, though there is also a risk of relapse. If evidence of any such effects is found, then the patient's prolactin level should be measured.
Nordstrom A L, Farde L, Plasma Protein and central D2 receptor occupancy in antipsychotic drug-treated patients.
Meltzer H Y, Fang V S, The effect of neuroleptics on serum prolactin in schizophrenia patients. Fleischhacker WW, Unterweger B, Barnas C, Stuppack C, Hinterhuber H, Results of an open phase II study with zotepine – a new neuroleptic compound. Rosen C J, Kessenich C R, The pathophysiology and treatment of postmenopausal osteoporosis. Johnson D E, Ochieng J, Evans S L, The growth-inhibitory properties of a dopamine agonist on Mcf-7 cells.


DDT is still used to fight malaria in sub-Saharan Africa, where people are highly exposed inside their homes. They also say that they cannot rule out that other environmental exposures, not measured in the study, could have affected the results.
It was banned in the United States in 1972, a decade after Rachel Carson sparked outrage by documenting its effects in her classic book Silent Spring. In comparison with known genetic risk factors, women with BRCA1 or BRCA2 gene mutations are about five times as likely to develop breast cancer during their lifetime as the average U.S.
Extremely high levels of DDT have been recorded in the blood of men living in houses sprayed in the province of Limpopo, where he is studying links between the pesticide and male fertility. The United Nations Environment Programme and the World Health Organization have proposed a worldwide phaseout of the chemical by the early 2020s. On the other hand, there are human and environmental costs associated with its use," says Henk Bouwman, an ecotoxicologist at North-West University in Potchefstroom, South Africa. While she doesn't consider the new data helpful for herself, she hopes her daughter can benefit from the findings.
The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention state that 200,000 women are diagnosed with breast cancer in the U.S.
These changes include proper nutrition, avoiding hormone therapies, staying in shape and more. Marian Neuhouser, Ph.D, RD from Seattle’s Fred Hutchinson Cancer Research Center about healthy living and breast cancer risk. Through screenings for osteoporosis, heart disease, stroke and more, you can gain peace of mind about the state of your health.
Like the sports players, these people or organizations are making an effort to get involved.
Why is it that under the muscle placement of implants is more prevalent in patients that placement under the gland? Will I loose nipple sensation if I decide to get a peri-areolar incision for my breast augmentation?
Breasts augmentation will make your breasts bigger, it will not improve nipple asymmetry, nor move the breasts together nor lift droopy breasts.
The Plastic Surgeon will discuss with you the placement of the implant, and where to locate the incision. Although the majority of women do not experience the following complications, you should discuss each of them with your plastic surgeon to make sure you understand the risks, potential complications, and consequences of breast augmentation.
Find out more about Silicone Implants Augmentation, whether they are safe, and if you are a right candidate for these types of Implants. Our goal is to make sure that patients have access to resources to make the best decisions for their health.
So, keep your weight in check as a way to have power over your health and perhaps, in so doing, avoid a breast cancer diagnosis. We’re good at treating breast cancer, but we need to catch it early for the best outcomes. This is the next blog in our series about addressing the barriers to hereditary cancer research. Research has shown that cancers caused by BRCA mutations may behave differently and respond to different treatments than cancers that are not caused by a mutation. To maximize all clinical trial enrollment, it makes sense to better match patients to clinical trials that are specific and most relevant to their situation. Most BRCA mutation carriers do not develop Her2neu positive breast cancer, so clinical trials focused on Her2neu are less likely to draw from the BRCA positive population. The solution to this challenge requires a concerted effort to match clinical trial cancer patients to the studies that are best suited for them. Some reports suggest that neuroleptics and other dopamine antagonists increase the risk of breast cancer due to hyperprolactinemia. Whereas prolactinand its receptor are found in normal and malignant tissues,concentrations of both are generally higher in malignant tissue16. This study had a retrospective cohort design and compared women who were exposed to prolactin-raising antipsychotics with age-matched women who were not20. Indeed, post-operative hyperprolactinemia in breast cancer patients has been shown to improve disease free and overall survivalObviously, more studies are necessary to define any possible links between hyperprolactinemia and breast cancer. PD resistance to breast cancer might conceivably be attributed to dopaminergic treatment antagonizing hyperprolactinemia26, 27, 28.
Circadian rhythm of tryptophan, serotonin, melatonin, and pituitary hormones in schizophrenia. Long-term effects of the substituted benzamide derivative amisulpride on baseline and stimulated prolactin levels. Tworoger, A Heather Elissen et al, Plasma prolactin concentrations and risk of post menopausal breast cancer. Elevated prolactin levels in patients with schizophrenia: mechanisms and related adverse effects. Postoperative hyperprolactinemia could predict longer disease-free and overall survival in node-negative breast cancer patients. Suppression of tumor-cell growth and mitogen response by aporhine alkaloids, dicentrine, glaucine, coryadine and apomorphine.
L-deprenyl inhibits tumor growth, reduces serum prolactin, and suppress brain monoamine metabolism in rats with carcinogen-induced mammary tumors.
These two points are of extreme importance, you as well as your doctor can agree on the pros and cons of the different choices, and which would be the right one for your particular case. There are certain risks associated with Breast Augmentation Implants that is important for you the patient to be informed of. Problems associated with breast implants can be inherent to this type of implanted medical device or relate to complications of a surgical procedure. A little pump is the latest innovation in reducing post- operative pain when undergoing Breast Augmentations, or a Lift, combined with a Breast Implant Augmentation. Because HBOC-specific clinical trials are less numerous, FORCE is developing a comprehensive searchable database of research studies specifically designed to treat, detect, or prevent HBOC cancers.
There are other reports which suggest that they may decrease the risk of cancer especially rectum, colon and prostate. BRCA mutations in the general population are rarea€”about 1 woman in 300 to 1 in 800 is thought to carry one of them. Breast Augmentation is a procedure that can help patients that have had children, and want to look fuller, or for patients after breast reconstruction want to look natural again. Additional advisory information regarding this subject should be reviewed by patients considering surgery that involves breast implants. After years of advocacy, new studies are looking at agents that may preferentially benefit people with BRCA mutations. We will be training volunteers to help match members of our community to the clinical trials that are specific to their situation.  We are working to educate the HBOC community about these specific studies, and encourage health care providers who treat members of our community to notify patients about HBOC-specific research at the time of diagnosis, even if the clinical trial is being conducted at a separate or competing facility. While this seems perfect, you need to remain alive to the fact that there are various risks associated with the implants.
Risks of complications remain real even if a surgeon performing the treatment is an expert in breast cosmetic surgery.
Open HBOC-specific clinical trials that desperately need participants must compete with more numerous, larger studies that are not limited to people with mutations. It is therefore important to have a look at some of these risks.Breast augmentation is in most cases performed when you are under general anesthesia. However the down side is that if the surgeon is not an expert in this procedure, the implants can end up being placed too far in the middle, creating an unnatural look an we refrain from this insertion procedure due to related complications such as cc, hematoma or infection, an incision will have to be placed on the breast to be able to correct any of these problems. Mistakes do occur and a professional anesthetist can also make a mistake and administer excess anesthesia, which literally put you at risk of serious health complications. It can be worse if the same is administered by an unprofessional anesthetist because you can easily die.Infections can never be ruled out when it comes to part of the body being pierced. Although surgical tools normally used during breast augmentation surgery are always sterilized, the likelihood of infections occurring usually remains real. If not caused by surgical tools, you can acquire an infection easily from pathogens in the air.Receiving breast augmentation treatment requires adequate preparation for successful treatment procedure. Your surgeon is obligated to inform you of all you are required to do a day prior to the treatment day.
Failure to adhere to these requirements puts you at risk of serious health complications.You cannot ignore the risk of excessive bleeding during and soon after the operation.
Although a surgeon may take all precautions to minimize bleeding as much as possible, the possibility of excessive bleeding cannot be ruled out. This may be caused by various factors including failure to adhere to preparation instructions.You body’s immune system will naturally react (attack) any foreign matter that it detects. You cannot rule this out even though a surgeon will evaluate if you are suitable to receive implants. Receiving implants therefore presents the risk of capsular contracture in which case implants can have distorted shape or become extremely hard within your breasts.
Re-operation is another risk in itself.The risk of implant rupture and deflation is usually real. Implantation of faulty implants and over-filled implants are known to rupture once inserted increasing the risk of infections and other health complications.Apart from the above risks, there are complications associated with breast implants that you need to know. Some of these include breast tissue atrophy, deformity in your chest wall, Hematoma, development of toxic shock syndrome, lymphedema, Necrosis, Ptosis and Seroma amongst other complications.It must be pointed out the only remedy to above complications is breast implants removal, which is another operation altogether. As a matter of fact, about 20% of women who receive breast implants do have the same removed under a period of 8 years for various reasons including development of complications.This is a guest post by Monica Lewis who has written widely on form stable breast implant. Material shown by Get Holistic Health is for educational purposes only and isn't meant to substitute for the recommendation of a doctor and other medical professional.



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Comments »

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19.02.2014 | 12:53:11