Train gauge size,roco model trains catalogue,lionel lockon ctc,gem n gauge loco kits - Step 2

Below you will find the six available gauges explained by size and application so that you can make more informed decisions about your new model train hobby.
Railways in India traverse the length and breadth of the country, with about 7000 stations and total route length of over 63,000 km. Upon Independence in 1947, forty two separate railway systems in India were amalgamated into a single unit christened the Indian Railways. The oldest underground railway network in India is the Kolkata Metro, commissioned in 1984.
The Konkan Railway runs along the Konkan coast of India, between Mangalore in Karnataka and Mumbai in Maharashtra. The Kashmir Railway has the highest railway bridge in India: 77m over the Tawi river in the Jammu-Udhampur section. The Fairy Queen, built in 1855, is the world’s oldest steam engine still in active use. The Himsagar Express, between Kanyakumari and Jammu Tawi, has the longest run in terms of distance and time in the Indian Railways. Where trains encounter a different gauge (a break-of-gauge), such as at the Spanish-French border or the Russian-Chinese one, the traditional solution has always been transshipment - transferring passengers and freight to cars on the other system. Being situated on the main Berlin-Moscow railway line and intercontinental highway, Brest became a principal border crossing since World War II in Soviet times.
At the initial phase of railway construction in the 17th - 19th Centuries there were no standards for gauges.
At the turn of the 19th and 20th centuries, this new means of transport had established itself as the most efficient form of overland transport.
In Britain the Great Western Railway Great Western Railway designed by Isambard Kingdom Brunel pioneered broad gauge from 1838 with a gauge of 7 ft 0? in, and retained this gauge until 1892. Among the key areas of international activity of Russian Railways is developing closer partnerships with those countries which, like Russia, also use the 1520 mm broad gauge track, namely the members of the CIS, the three Baltic countries of Estonia, Latvia and Lithuania, and Finland.
The so-called Cape-gauge goes second after the standard gauge in terms of numbers of countries where it is in use.
The head of Russian Railways RZD, Vladimir Yakunin, wants to connect central Europe with the trans-siberian railway. This little set (still intact in its original box) I enlarged over a short period of time with odds and ends of secondhand Italian "Rivarossi" stuff.
The Helsinki Model Railroad Club has a fantastically detailed layout, with accurately modeled Finnish engines & rolling stock, period buildings etc. The track gauge also dictates the size of the entire layout, because you must be careful not to make the curves so tight that the rolling stock has difficulty following them. Isn't it strange how so many of the great animators working at the Disney Studio during animation's golden age were railroad hobbyists? Turnouts are driven by a capacitor pulse that ensures sufficient energy for the short time needed to set the turnout. Electrically, this layout is run on "separate half-wave pulse modulated DC", which means I can run two engines (each equipped with a diode inside) independently, provided they run in different directions. Covering the plywood supports with cardboard and thick aluminum foil gave me a good base for the landscape. Note that there are two small "hills" on top of the large hill - these are covers for openings that enable me to rescue a train that might have derailed in the tunnels! Painting with acrylics (animation cel paint, actually!) mixed with a little sawdust gave me the right texture. For landscaping, more sawdust, natural stones and lichen which I colored in a mixture of water color and glycerine. I made trees by twisting together thin, soft copper wire for roots, trunks and branches, painted them brown, and then glued colored sawdust to the branches as foliage. There are a few "Hall-element" magnetic transducers under the track, and small magnets under each train's first car that makes the layout automatic: The lights go red, one train stops at the station, until the other clears the 3-turnout area - then the light goes green and the first train can continue.
It is interesting and challenging to photograph any miniature model - you have to know your camera equipment well, and be familiar with the pitfalls of depth of field, camera shake, etc.
I prefer to use 35mm 100 ASA slide film, mostly using a macro-focusing 24-48mm wide angle zoom lens (wide angle lenses give better perspective and greater depth of field).
I have a large picture file (250 K, 600x800, high quality JPG) on a separate page, a miniature on the right. I have also shot 3-dimensional pictures of the layout, one example can be found on my 3-D page. The pictures were scanned (with a Minolta Dimage Dual scanner) from negatives taken in very weak light with a Minolta Vectis S-1 APS camera loaded with 200 ASA print film. The lighting inside the houses is simple: I used ordinary flashlight bulbs (a few each in series), and some transparent paper in the windows for diffusion.
The street lights are yellow, "diffuse" type, 3 mm diameter LEDs mounted on pieces of thin but stiff plastic tubing. Did you know that there are hundreds, perhaps thousands, of different stamps with railroad motifs?

Polar Express G-Gauge Train Set from Lionel Trains is designed after a Berkshire steam engine. The Berkshire steam locomotive features a blue and red passenger coach and an observation car. The remote control will move the train forward or backwards, blow a whistle, ring a bell, and play music.
In the 19th Century Russia became one of the first countries in the world to introduce a single gauge standard. Also important were the defensive concerns - broader gauge was deemed to be a delaying factor: it was to prevent the enemy from moving fast using Russian railways. This is obviously far from optimal, and a number of more efficient schemes have been devised. The Talgo train that runs from Paris to Barcelona used a mechanical method of expanding the undercarriage to accommodate the broader Spanish tracks.
For instance, the first railways in France had a gauge of 500 mm, while the British Grand Western Railway was 2140-mm wide. The cooperation between these countries results from the historical traditions of joint development of international transport using broad gauge track, close mutual economic ties oriented towards rail transport and unitary technical and technological standards of rail shipments. Ranking first in terms of mileage are the so-called Stephenson-gauge railways, also referred to as the European or the Standard gauge railways, which are 1435 mm or 4 feet and 8.5 inch wide. A visit last in May 2007 by President Putin to Austria produced a milestone agreement to remove this impediment to Eurasian trade across Russian territory.
Note the "joystick" type engineer's control handle (wooden dart with suction cup) - quite advanced for 1954! N scale is also becoming more common, thanks to its smaller size, and is provided by several manufacturers. The scales on these gauges vary, sometimes the rolling stock is modelled on narrow-gauge prototypes, which means the scale is larger than for "ordinary" gauge prototypes.
Here's a scale model of the Tk3, displayed at the Finnish Railway Museum, in Hyvinge, less than an hour's drive north of Helsinki. Ward Kimball, Ollie Johnston, Carl Fallberg, to name just a few - oh, and let's not forget Walt Disney himself!
A layout with nice possibilities needs several concentric loops of tracks plus landscaping, hills, tunnels, bridges etc. As you can see, I have economized and used a minimum amount of the rather expensive turnouts. To learn how I shot these video clips (with a sugar-cube sized video camera), go to the "Mini video camera"-page.
I can park a train on the inner one of the tracks that run over the hills, or on the inner loop. It is important that the painted surfaces look a bit rough - there are no enamel-smooth cliffs in nature! I've spent many hours looking for interesting camera angles, choosing the right lens & lighting when photographing my layout. The best lighting is natural window light or electronic flash ("bounced" via ceiling or wall) to avoid harsh shadows - sometimes using a large white cardboard as a reflector to lighten up the shadow side. It shows the entire layout from an angle not seen on this page, so if you don't mind the little wait, click to enlarge!
However, this special camera lacks any focusing mechanism (hard to construct on a revolving-lens camera), so I had to use a close-up diopter lens, which doesn't give the best possible results - because of the rotating optics and the distortion introduced by the diopter, there is a slight horizontal smear even on those parts of the image that ought to be in perfect focus.
I added the sky and corrected the colors on my Mac - the pictures originally had a very strong orange hue, due to the overhead artificial light which I dimmed to barely a glow. The LEDs are bent on their leads to a horizontal position, and painted with silver paint on the top, to simulate the reflectors of real street lights.
In the territories they occupied in 1939, the Soviets converted the standard gauge railroads to the Russian broad gauge.
One common one is to build cars to the smaller of the two systems' loading gauges with bogies that are easily removed and replaced, with switching of the bogies at an interchange location on the border.
Because of the break-of-gauge at Brest between the Russian broad-gauge system and the European standard gauge, all through rail passenger cars must have their bogies changed here, cargo in freight trains must be transshipped. As many as 112,000 km of Cape-gauge railways cross dozens of countries on both sides of equator (but mainly Japan, South African countries and Australia. This company and its counterpart organization in Austria agreed to explore possibilities for a Russian-type wide-gauge line from the border between Ukraine and Slovakia to Vienna. I built some houses from plastic "Faller" kits and a few of my own design of painted cardboard.
Engines of the 5" (127 mm) gauge are usually 1:12 scale, and can often pull a train of half a dozen or more adult passengers - see below! At the museum, there are several restored old locomotives on display, click here for a page with a few pictures of them. A standard "HO"-scale layout of the functionality I wanted would have required four or five square meters of space - one third of the room!

They really look much better than the molded plastic trees you can buy, and are a lot cheaper and really fun to do.
The f-stop must be as small as practically possible to get enough depth of field, so this means long exposure times with the camera on a tripod. The leads are connected to thin wires, well insulated, going through the tube (which is pushed into a drilled hole) and emerging on the underside of the the plywood base, where all connections are made. Stamps are small works of art - I spent a whole evening with a loupe, looking at the ones I bought! During World War II Germans had a headache trying to find rolling stock and organize freight transportation in occupied territories. A more modern and sophisticated method is to have multigauge bogies whose wheels can be moved inward and outward. Such a variety was a result of the fact that leaders of every new railway had their own understanding of how wide the gauge should be. These were used for local transport, mainly to transport timber and agricultural products to ports or junctions with broad-gauge lines. The gauge was first introduced by George Stephenson during the construction of his first railway, and then spread in the greater part of Europe, and eventually became standard there and in North America. The fourth long in the world with 95,000 km are the meter-wide gauge railways, popular in Brazil, India, South East Asian and some African countries. At a cost of just 12 hundred million dollars, this would create an uninterrupted wide-gauge axis beading Southeast Asia, China, Russia, Ukraine and the European Union. From this I can deduce that it must have been made pretty soon after WWII, in what later was called West Germany. This time around, I scrapped the idea of a shelf around the walls - the railroad must be protected from dust, too. In this picture, the track is laid out for the first test run, to make sure the grades were not too steep for the tiny engines. The original slides are of course much sharper than you can see here, since I've had to compress the pictures quite heavily when scanning & putting them on the web server (otherwise you'd fallen asleep waiting for the pictures to load).
Of course, I've connected several LEDs in series, and added a suitable series resistor to keep the current around 10 mA - otherwise the LEDs would burn out.
Here are just a few examples from different countries: Isle of Man (British Commonwealth), former Chechoslovakia, Hungary, Austria, Poland, Norway, India, Germany and Burma.
By the end of 1941, over 23000 km of track had been converted from Russian broad gauge to German standard gauge.
Normally they are locked in place, but special equipment at the border unlocks the wheels and pushes them inward or outward to the new gauge, relocking the wheels when done. The roll of goods will be cheaper, increasing the transit from Southeast Asia alone from 15 billion dollars to at least 100 billion dollar each year. This motorcycle toy (click to enlarge) has intriguing wind-up action: The rider stands beside the cycle, rises up on it, kick-starts, and then runs and steers the motorcycle in a circle. The image immediately above is in fact a enlargement of only a part of a slide which contains almost the whole layout - see small image at right. Moreover, narrow-gauge suited best building railways in restricted mountainous and urban terrains. After just a few years, I had to tear down the shelves when my other activities in the mid-60's (such as magic tricks, chemical experiments, photography and finally animation) required more space.A few of my friends did keep their layouts operational well into their teens and even 20's, until they too had to pack them down for storage. However, since the pulse is very short, the coils cannot overheat (the "resting" current of 15 milliamps through the charging resistor does not generate any appreciable heat and is thus small enough to be ignored).
In some cases, breaks of gauge are avoided by installing dual gauge track, either permanently or as part of a changeover process to a single gauge. In their turn broad-gauge railways had advantages of their own - they were much more reliable and could ensure higher tonnage capacity. One had his layout on a large board that he could hoist to the ceiling of his bedroom with rope and blocks. The capacitor is charged and ready for action within 2-3 seconds after a previous switching.
It goes without saying that no single standard for railway gauge within one country could not help jeopardizing railway transportation activities, and thus delay cargo supplies and passenger conveyance. If so, please email me!As you know, there are several different scales and gauges for model railroads.
This system insures effective and rapid switching of the turnout, and can be applied to other DC operated systems, too.

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Comments to “Train gauge size”

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  2. Joker:
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