American civil war model railroad,atlas ho steam engines,n scale train layouts for sale,dcc ready ho trains - 2016 Feature

Federal battery with 13-inch seacoast mortars, Model 1861, during the Siege of Yorktown, Virginia (1862). The weight and size of siege artillery prevented it from regularly travelling with the armies. The bombardment of Fort Pulaski demonstrated that rifled guns were extremely effective against masonry fortifications. Two Model 1829 32-pounder siege and garrison guns, rifled by the James method(64-pdr James rifles). 4.5-inch siege rifle at Chatham Manor, Fredericksburg and Spotsylvania National Military Park.
In addition to its use as siege artillery, two batteries of 4.5- siege rifles (8 guns total) accompanied the Army of the Potomac as “heavy” field artillery between 1862 and 1864. Robert Parker Parrott (1804–77), an 1824 graduate of the United States Military Academy, developed a new form of rifled artillery using a cast iron barrel with a reinforcing wrought iron band around the breech. The 6.4-inch (100-pounder) Parrott Rifle was potent siege gun capable of great accuracy and long range with heavy projectiles. The 8-inch (200-pounder) Parrott Rifle was essentially an enlarged 6.4-inch Parrott rifle with the same vices and virtues. Only three 10-inch (300-pounder) saw service during the war, all placed on Morris Island during the campaign against Charleston harbor.
Battery of 5-inch Whitworth rifles on Morris Island during campaign against Charleston harbor. The Federal forces at Charleston used two British 5-inch Whitworth muzzleloading rifles that had been captured aboard a blockade runner. In defense of fortifications, siege and garrison mortars could harass work parties constructing siege batteries and trenches. With the replacement of masonry fortifications with earthen works, mortars became more important. The Union Army of the Tennessee, not having a proper siege train at the siege of Vicksburg, was forced to improvise.
During the siege of Petersburg the Confederate Army developed iron 12-pounder and 24-pounder Coehorn mortars. XXXX SOLD XXXX A very good American Civil War Era Colt Army 1860 model 6 shot percussion revolver. We accept payment by UK debit card, international credit card, or bank transfer, we make no extra charge for paying by debit or credit card when you pay online using the World-Pay payment gateway, it is simple and very easy to use and protects both the buyer as well as the seller. We carry in stock the largest selection of genuine antique weapons for sale in Great Britain. By 1862 American hope for quick victory was dashed by the surprise defeat of the Union army at the First Battle of Bull Run and the carnage at Shiloh, the first large-scale bloody battle.
His search for a man to clean up the morass that fouled the Union supply system lead him to the dark recesses of the Hoosac tunnel in Western Massachusetts.
The 42 year old Haupt was a West Point graduate with distinguished experience in both teaching engineering and building portions of the Pennsylvania Railroad in his home state. Haupt arrived in Alexandria, Virginia to take command of the United States Military Railroad just in time to help expedite the flow of reinforcements to the Second Battle of Bull Run. Haupt recruited an assortment of frontier woodsmen, skilled craftsman and freed slaves to create a railroad construction corps that achieved amazing engineering and railroad building feats.
While Haupt's skillful management helped keep Union troops well supplied, battlefield results in 1862 were largely disappointing. To support the plan, Haupt immediately began preparations to change the Union Army's main supply line from the Orange and Alexandria Railroad to one using a combination of water and rail transport. The floats consisted of two large-sized Schuylkill barges, across which long timbers were placed supporting eight tracks. According to Haupt this was, "the first known attempt to transport cars by water with their cargoes unbroken. The fact that Haupt would suggest strategic maneuvers to General Burnside was evidence of his own self-confidence and strong opinions. ABOUT THE MODEL The diorama depicted in the photos is a HO scale model of the rail transfer bridge and barge that Haupt built in Alexandria, VA in 1862. I built the model to fit an existing display case in the Lyceum, Alexandria City's History Museum and thus is slightly shorter than the prototype structure. The figures shown on the web site were painted by Paul, some of the Confederates shown, forming part of his original display at the 1992 Valley Forge show.
Gifted sculptors Julian Hullis of England and Dr Andrea Iotti of Italy have both been commissioned to provide horses for the Shenandoah range and further cavalry figures are planned for the range. Another exciting new release has been the gloss painted boxed sets "Traditionals" Civil War Toy Soldiers.
When needed, siege artillery and other material needed for siege operations were assembled into what was called a siege train and transported to the army.
Guns fired projectiles on horizontal trajectory and could batter heavy construction with solid shot or shell at long or short range, destroy fort parapets, and dismount cannon.
Rifling gave the guns greater velocity, range, accuracy and penetrating power, making smoothbore siege guns obsolete. To fill this gap, the army rifled existing smoothbore pieces with the system developed by Charles T. However, the 4.5-inch Siege rifle was of conventional cast iron construction and did not use the welded wrought iron construction of the 3-inch ordnance rifle.

The most famous 8-inch Parrott rifle was the “Swamp Angel” used for the bombardment of the city of Charleston. For the 8-inch siege mortar at a range of 800 yards, about 50% of the shells would fall within a 50-yard radius of the target. Works that could resist the horizontal fire of guns were still vulnerable to the vertical fire of mortars. The artillerymen took short sections of gum-tree logs, bored them out to accept six or twelve pound shells, and hooped the logs with iron bands. In defending the works that were the objects of Federal siege operations, the Confederates used a hodge-podge of weapons seized from Federal arsenals and fortifications, naval guns, Confederate-made versions of pre-war designs, and imported rifled guns, such as the Whitworth and Armstrong rifles.
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Perhaps the most significant, yet least heralded, was the North's superior railroad system.
There he found Herman Haupt engaged in both a technically and politically challenging task of digging the longest railroad tunnel to date. Haupt answered Stanton's call to duty in spite of the fact that he had risked a large portion of his own personal fortune in constructing the unfinished tunnel. One of his first notable achievements was the reconstruction of the bridge over Potomac Creek.
In spite of gaining a great Union victory at Antietam, Abraham Lincoln replaced General McClellan in November 1862. He dispatched construction crews to Aquia Landing to restore the wharf there and to repair the connection to the Richmond, Fredricksburg and Potomac rail lines. On these tracks loaded cars were run at Alexandria, towed sixty miles by steam tug to Aquia Landing.
The Schuylkill barges performed admirably and thus was formed a new era in military railroad transportation. As the war progressed he continually suggested ideas and offered criticism to Lincoln and Secretary Stanton on all matters, some well beyond the realm of military logistics such as ways to reform the Navy and methods to build ironclad warships. Army classified its artillery into three types, depending on the gun's weight and intended use. In the American Civil War, the siege train was always transported to the area of the siege by water. Mortars fired shells in a high arcing trajectory to reach targets behind obstructions, destroying construction and personnel. The 4.5-inch siege rifle fired shells weighing about 30 pounds (depending on the specific type of shell). The early pattern guns had the elevating screw under the breech, while newer pattern gun had a long screw running through the cascabel. Seamen from the USS Wabash manned the Whitworth rifles and two 8-inch Parrott rifles during the campaign against Charleston harbor. Mortars could also destroy structures inside the fortification such as barracks and kitchens. With the 10-inch siege mortars at 875 yards, about 60% of the shells would fall within a 40-yard radius of the target.
It was not, as incorrectly claimed by many published source, the product of a British requirement or specification. These great revolvers were carried by both sides in the American Civil War circa 1861-1865.
The captured Southern rail lines were organized and run as a single entity called the United States Military Railroad (USMRR) by David McCallum and the indomitable Herman Haupt. Yet, managing a large railroad network with its diverse and competing companies proved more than a task for both governments. At one point Alexandria rivaled Baltimore as the largest and busiest port on the Chesapeake. In his place Lincoln selected General Ambrose Burnside, a man who self admittedly was incapable of command.
He also supervised the construction of rail-to-barge transfer bridges at the both terminals of the proposed water route. On November twenty second he telegraphed General Burnside suggesting that Burnside move to Fredricksburg before General Robert E.
In the end the superior resources of the Union, transported in large part by the USMRR, brought peace to the nation.
Firing shot and shells also designed by James, these newly rifled smoothbores gave good service during the bombardment of Fort Pulaski in April 1862.
One 10-inch Parrott rifle on Morris Island was disabled soon after it first opened fire by the premature detonation of a shell, which blew about 18 inches off its muzzle.
Rather, it was one of the very few successful warplanes in history that was conceived without an official specification ever being raised before its creation. For the first time the relatively young railroads would be called upon to satisfy the appetite of the nations' war machines. Union Secretary of War Edwin Stanton, in surveying the tangled web of railroad logistics that existed in early 1862, decided that a railroad professional would be required to bring the Union advantage in railroad assets and technology to bear. In 1862 it was still a significant port while its proximity to Washington and its rail yards made it militarily important.

On numerous occasions he clashed with superior Union generals over his perceived view of their interference with railroad operations.
Nevertheless, General Burnside initiated a plan to move down the Rappahannock River to capture Fredricksburg as a prelude to an advance on Richmond, the Confederate capital.
To transport the cars on the Potomac River, he designed, requisitioned materials and built unique railroad float barges.
They then forwarded the cars without the break of bulk along the rebuilt line of the Richmond, Fredricksburg and Potomac Railroad to Falmouth, across from Fredricksburg on the north bank of the Rappahannock.
Lee, commander of the Confederate forces opposing him, could occupy and fortify the bluffs behind the city. In researching this project I was lucky to find previously unpublished close-up of the transfer gantry at the National Archives as well as several views of the pier and barges. The boxcars are repainted 28 foot Mantua kits with link and pin coupler pockets and other slight modifications. The gun’s only vice was that it suffered from excessive erosion of the vent caused by the hot gasses flowing through the vent when the gun was fired. The ragged end of the muzzle was trimmed even by soldiers working with cold chisels, and the gun fired another 370 times without any appreciable difference in range or accuracy. In the siege of Vicksburg, the Federal Army of the Tennessee had no siege artillery, so the U.S. However, General Burnside ignored the advice and waited three more weeks at Falmouth before advancing across the Rappahannock.
The 4.2-inch Parrott rifles did not have the same problems with bursting that were with found with the larger Parrott rifles.
The gun was subsequently permanently disabled by additional premature detonation of shells. One of them became disabled when the barrel slipped within the reinforcing sleeve, blocking the vent.
NAA Engineers had been researching a new fighter design that would overcome some of the notorious deficiencies of the designs used early in the war. In his Alexandria headquarters Haupt also developed prefabricated components to rapidly repair destroyed bridges as well as field methods to efficiently repair or destroy track. By then General Lee had concentrated his widely dispersed army from its winter quarters and was firmly entrenched on the heights behind Fredricksburg.
The first flight of the NA-73 (the company-funded prototype with civil registration NX19998) was made on October 25, 1940. The Loudoun and Hampshire radiated northwest towards Leesburg with a branch that connected with Washington, DC over the Long Bridge. The distinctions are somewhat arbitrary, as field, siege and garrison, and seacoast artillery were all used in various attacks and defenses of fortifications. Production models with British-specified armament of six .303-caliber guns were flying in May 1941.
The Richmond, Fredricksburg and Potomac Railroad had not yet established a rail connection to Alexandria.
This article will focus on the use of heavy artillery in the attack of fortified places during the American Civil War. The initial British contract was for 320 North American P-51 Mustang Is, and this was soon increased by another 300.Two similar aircraft were evaluated by the US Army as XP-51s, after which one hundred and fifty P-51s were ordered for Lend-Lease to the RAF as Mustang IAs. In the event, fifty-five of these were repossessed by the USAAF and converted to F-6A photo-reconnaissance aircraft, while two others became XP-78s (later XP-51Bs) when fitted in 1942 with Packard-built Merlin engines.
Army wasn’t particularly interested in the new design, but it did direct that the fourth and tenth production Mustang Is be tested by the Army as “XP-51”.
The 150 supplied to Britain as “Mustang IA” under Lend-Lease with four 20mm cannon were designated “P-51” though their armament and other details differed from the XP-51.
The engine was the 1,325hp Allison V-1710-87.The RAF received fifty P-51As (Mustang II), and thirty-five others were converted to F6Bs.
The A-36A was briefly named Invader but the British name Mustang was later adopted for all P-51 variants.
First Merlin-engined production models were the P-51B and P-51C (RAF Mustang III), the combined US production of which totalled three thousand seven hundred and thirty-eight. The nine hundred and ten supplied to the RAF were fitted with bulged cockpit hoods to improve visibility. A major design change appeared with the P-51D, in which the rear fuselage was cut down to permit the fitting of a ‘teardrop’ cockpit canopy affording all-round vision.
Production totalled nine thousand two hundred and ninety-three of this model and the basically similar P-51K.
Eight hundred and sevent-ysix became Mustang IVs with the RAF, and two hundred and ninety-nine became reconnaissance F-6Ds or F-6Ks. Next production model was the P-51H, five hundred and fifty-five of which were completed in 1945 before outstanding contracts for more than another three thousand Mustangs were cancelled at the war’s end.The A-36A first flew in 1942, and production models took part in the invasion of North Africa and Sicily.
Moreover, two other types of the redesignated P-51 (F-51D and F-51H) were flown by Air Reserve and Air National Guard units for several more years.The F-51 was one of the first USAF fighters to participate in the Korean War, arriving in the fall of 1950.
Twenty-two ANG units also served there, flying combat F-51s and their reconnaissance counterparts (RF-51Ds and RF-51Ks).

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