Wood sander types, festool planex - Try Out

Categories: Wooden Work Bench | Author: admin 22.09.2013

For do-it-yourselfers, handymen, and even professional carpenters, Ryobi sanders are a common fixture in the tool bag.
Most palm sanders fit into two basic categories: the oscillating sander and the random orbit sander.
Many palm sanders now use ready-to-use, peel-and-stick or hook-and-loop sanding pads, making paper changing a snap.
More From Popular MechanicsWatch the StrengthWith its high-speed power and brute strength, some woodworkers call the belt sander the most dangerous tool in the shop. Beginners Should Go OrbitalAn orbital finishing sander is the most forgiving of all power sanders. Go Random for Any Kind of JobWhile the orbital sander has a square pad, the random-orbit sander has a round pad--and this one variation makes all the difference.
Just about any project that involves wood involves sanding that wood before painting or staining it. If the user decides a random orbit sander is best, he or she must then compare the motor sizes and the speed to determine the best overall fit. For those that do a lot of woodworking, it is a good idea to keep several grits on hand for each sander. For a cleaner work area, use a sander with a bag on it that catches most of the dust from sanding. 90% of around-the-house and basic woodworking tasks can be accomplished with a random orbit sander.
Oscillating sanders move the sanding pad in tiny little circles, which is more effective than the back-and-forth motion of older models. Please fill in the following information so we can alert the Home Guides editorial team about a factual or typographical error in this story. Because the pad on a random-orbit sander vibrates in tiny circles, like an orbital finishing sander, this single, compact, easy-to-use tool can be used for both stock removal and ultrasmooth sanding.

Get a Belt-and-DiskThis versatile two-in-one tool combines a large belt sander with a round disk sander into one compact, bench-top machine. Preparing the wood by sanding it ensures a smooth surface and a better finish for the paint or stain.
When looking for sandpaper, first see what kind of paper the sander requires and then consider the job to determine the best paper to buy. The triangular shape fits in small spaces, and the surface of the sander is still large enough for bigger jobs, as well. You can then narrow the search by the type of sander, by the power source, or by the condition. Nowadays, manufacturers offer palm sanders that are easier to use than those available in the old days.
A random orbit sander oscillates and spins the pad, resulting in faster work that leaves fewer fine, circular scratch marks than an oscillating unit. If you do a little woodworking and some home remodeling, you can probably get by with a belt sander and a random-orbit sander. Stick to smoothing large, flat surfaces, especially really rough ones, with belt sanders.Take to the Edges and Take Off the FinishThe belt sander is the king of large, flat surfaces, but it is also ideal for smoothing edges. It won't remove wood as quickly as a belt sander, and it's slightly more difficult to control than an orbital finishing sander, but still, the random-orbit is arguably the most versatile portable electric sander you can buy.Go with Hooks and LoopsSome random-orbit sanders accept peel-and-stick PSA (pressure-sensitive adhesive) abrasive disks, while others use hook-and-loop (similar to Velcro) disks. If smoothing edges on several sheets of wood, stack them on top of each other for a larger surface. It does not work as quickly as a belt sander, but its practicality and ease of use make the random orbit sander a good choice if buying just one sander. But if you're a serious woodworker, you might be better off with an orbital finishing sander and a stationary belt-and-disk sander or oscillating spindle sander. Orbital sanders are sometimes called quarter-sheet sanders because they accept one-quarter of a sheet of standard 9 x 11-in.

There are several types of Ryobi sanders available, and it is important to use the proper one for the job. Depending on the sander, the paper may slide over a belt or simply attach to the bottom of the tool. While sander models differ in features and details, instructions for their proper use remain basically the same. This technique, known as gang sanding, not only saves time but also produces better results, because you're not trying to balance the wide belt on the narrow edge of a single board. Plus, it's equipped with a tilting worktable that accepts a miter gauge so you can use the disk to precisely sand square and angled workpieces. Using the sander correctly helps ensure the wood stays in good condition and no damage occurs. If there are noticeable, circular scratches when you're done, lightly hand sand the surface with a finer paper to get a perfect surface. A belt sander is also the tool to reach for when you need to remove an old finish, such as paint, varnish or stain.
In use, the pad vibrates in tiny circles--or orbits--allowing you to move in any direction, including across the woodgrain.Use for the Finishing TouchBecause the orbital is so tame, it is not useful for heavy stock removal. And on most models, the belt is adjustable so you can set it horizontally, vertically, or at an angle in between.Buy It BigIf you're going to get only one stationary sander, make it a belt-and-disk sander, and buy the largest one you can afford. This tool is designed for sanding moldings, carvings and other small, intricately shaped surfaces.

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