Water based wood stain and finish, log furniture bunk beds plans - For Begninners

Categories: Woodworking Projects For Beginners | Author: admin 07.10.2012

Created to be easy to use and consistently outperform your expectations even on difficult woods like maple and pine. The rich colors enhance the beauty of the wood while the heavy bodied formula and longer open time makes it easier to control the depth and evenness of color. This unique tool was developed to help woodworkers better understand how typical woodworking tints can be intermixed to create specific colors.
These are general instructions to guide you through the finishing process using water based products. This information has been developed to assist you in selecting the best finish for your project.
Water based top coats are milky white in the can, dry to a crystal clear finish, and will remain clear throughout the life your project.
Water based products produce more grain raising than oil based finishes - they do require a different finishing technique.
While both oil based and water based products can be sprayed, water based products really spray like a dream with water clean up. Option for wood stains: Soft woods such as Pine and Aspen absorb wood stain at an uneven rate and may respond better to staining if the wood is pre-sealed.
Do NOT use steel wool when preparing wood for water based finish, as steel particles will cause rust spots. There are two methods to fill nail holes with wood putty: 1) fill holes before you stain using putty that dries hard and can be sanded and stained, or 2) stain the wood, apply one Top Coat, and then use water based color putty that matches the stain.
Foam brushes or latex paint pad applicators and a bristle brush to pull stain out of corners. To minimize grain raising, complete surface preparation sanding and prior to applying Top Coat, dampen the wood with a wet sponge or spray bottle. To get a consistent stain on soft woods such as Aspen, use Natural Stain as a pre-stain conditioner. All top coats (water, oil, lacquer, wax, etc.) may be used over Water Based Stains if they have dried properly.


If working in high temperatures or low humidity, Wood Stains may be thinned with 10-20% water or General Finishes Extender (3 to 6 oz. It is essential to apply a wet, liberal amount of stain with a foam brush or a latex paint pad applicator to insure easy workability. Stain a complete section and wipe off the excess evenly with the grain using paper towels or a clean cloth.
Oil based top coats have a slight amber color in the can, and dry to a clear finish which can darken over time.
We recommend using them on any woods that penetrate easily, such as pine or aspen, to produce a more even looking finish. If left in strong sunlight, the pigments and dyes in Wood Stains will fade like everything else.
Be sure to write down exactly how much of each color is in the mix and mix enough to complete the entire project. Cleaners such as Pledge and Murphy's Oil Soap are not recommended because they leave a dull residue on the finish. After completing preparation sanding and before applying the finish, spray the project with water or rub down with a damp cloth. A natural (clear) stain can be applied to raw wood to condition the surface for uniform penetration of the stain. Taking a little extra time to remove backs of cabinets, drawer fronts etc, will make staining much easier. Allow the wood to dry completely and lightly finish sand again with #180 to #220 grit sandpaper. All Wood Stains may be intermixed to create custom colors or may be lightened by adding Natural Stain. Stirring reduces the thickness of the stain and distributes pigments that may have settled to the bottom of the can. We do NOT recommend buffing between coats of stain because you may remove an area of stain that cannot be re-blended.


On projects receiving extra wear such as table and desk tops, additional coats will add more protection. To use the Colorwheel, rotate the inside wheel and watch for the desired color to appear through one of the windows. Conversely, oil based stains tend to penetrate the wood more, and can bring out more variation in the final result. However, water based Milk Paints paints are an ideal exterior product and hold color quite well over time. Immediately correct lap marks by rewetting the entire working area with stain and wiping the excess off. With that said, remember you are applying finish to parts of a tree, and every piece will look different! Water based finishes need a smoother surface than oil based finishes, but do not over sand or you may seal the wood so much that it will not take a finish. Always test your color on a hidden part of the furniture!Allow the natural clear stain to dry 1 hour before applying your final stain color. Paste wax is not recommended because it builds up and yellows, thus becoming a maintenance problem. Sand raw wood in the direction of the grain starting with a coarser grit sand paper such as #120 sandpaper, and finish the final sanding with a fine grit sandpaper such as #180 or #220. Cooler temperatures will adversely affect how the finish will level and harden, causing fish-eyes or craters. End-grains (areas where the wood has been cut against the grain), such as the front side of a table, tend to soak up more stain than other surfaces. If working in high temperatures or low humidity, water based finishes may be thinned with 10-20% water or General Finishes Extender (3 to 6 oz.



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