Using a planer, fitting woodwork vice bench - Test Out

Categories: Wood Wine Rack Plans | Author: admin 05.12.2014

Learn to use a bench-top planer correctly and avoid common problems like tearout, snipe and ridges. Nothing beats owning a planer when you need to smooth boards and mill them to an exact thickness. When the board is fed into the planer against the grain, the cutter head catches at the grain, resulting in tearout. In some cases, you'll be able to tell which end to feed into the planer by inspecting the grain (or to be precise, the direction of the fibers). This dingy, scarred piece of decking retrieved from a dumpster became valuable vertical grain redwood after a few passes through the planer.
Woodworking purists will probably cringe at the thought of using a planer to recycle old wood. Snipe is a term used to describe the planer gouge that often occurs at the beginning and end of boards as they enter and leave the planer. Read over the instruction manual included with your planer for setup procedures and safety precautions. The power planer is a hand-held tool, but it operates like an upside-down stationary jointer. The size of the portable power planer is determined by the tool’s maximum cutting width.

Before planing the length of a board, put some pressure at the front of the plane to ensure that the sole is sitting flush to the piece (rather than on an incline, with the toe lifted above the piece).
The power planer has many uses in a workshop, particularly a smaller workshop that doesn’t have a full-sized jointer-planer or surface planer. And planing rough-cut 2x2s into crisp, clean spindles is a great way to get familiar with your planer. Most new planers have a mechanism for locking the planer heads in place after you adjust the depth. Both the planer and the circular saw are powerful electric-powered tools; they do much the same work that the jack plane and handsaw do, or once did, but they do it more quickly, sometimes more efficiently and accurately, and always at a higher decibel level. There’s a cutter-head with a pair of sharp knives that, like a plane iron, removes shavings of stock.
The depth of cut is adjusted on most models by a control knob mounted atop the front of the planer. Most models available on the market today plane a maximum width of between three and a quarter and six and a half inches. Likewise, be sure the heel is parallel to the board at the end of the planing stroke, just as you would with a bench plane. Now you can buy a bench-top planer for several hundred dollars at home centers and tool retailers.

Although little force will be required, use both hands to control the tool, with your left hand guiding the plane at the front, the right balancing the rear. This prevents dipping, the defect that occurs when more wood is planed from the ends than from the center of the stock. Leave the board a little thick so it can be planed to finish thickness after the glue dries. Shim under the high spots to prevent the planer rollers from flattening out the board before it’s cut. After you joint one side, remove the board from the sled and plane the second side normally. When the width and thickness are the same dimension, rotate the spindle a quarter turn and plane adjacent faces.
Remember to stack the spindles consistently so you can keep track of which sides you've planed.

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