Planning permission for wood burning stove, patio table and bench plans - Try Out

Categories: Woodworking Projects For Beginners | Author: admin 09.06.2012

Planning permission - insideout's garden buildings guide, Our guide to planning permission for garden buildings. If you are putting the stove in an un-insulated building you will obviously need a more powerful stove.
InsideOuts Garden Buildings Guide is an independent guide to garden buildings for people who want a special building for their garden. These pages have been distilled from over thirty years’ practical experience of wood burning stoves for those who are considering making the transition to this new way of heating, and in the interests of safer and more rewarding wood burning. Some stoves, especially models from Nordic countries where wood-burning is ubiquitous, are only able to burn wood. At least once a year, and more frequently if you are burning solid mineral fuel or moist wood, or if you are not burning your wood cleanly. Every installation is different, and individual requirements for fluepipe therefore vary considerably. For new-build, a ‘constructional hearth’ in front of the chimney breast of at least 500mm (20”) from front to back is required. Building Regulations and stove manufacturers specify minimum clearances between the appliance and its flue and combustible materials. The cardinal rule is this: whatever type of wood you burn - be it softwoods such as pine or larch, or hardwoods like oak, beech and holly - the dryness of the wood is by far the most important factor.
There are two basic designs of wood burning and multifuel stove: the “inset convector”, and the “freestanding” stove.
The answer is yes -- many stoves can have an optional boiler fitted inside, capable of heating domestic hot water and a towel rail.
Chimneys or flues added to buildings within the New Forest National Park and within Conservation Areas generally require planning permission, and listed buildings require listed building consent.
For most makes of multifuel stove, and especially where infrequent stoking is required, we would advise using Chinacite or German Anthracite (rather than Welsh). Yes you can quickly and easily make your stove look like new by using a specialist high temperature aerosol paint.
He also made the simple wooden roof frame and thatched it himself with straw from his fields.
There is also a woodburning stove, strategically placed beneath the mezzanine level double bed to ensure residents stay ‘nice and toasty’ at night, while candles and lanterns provide light.The water supply is free as it comes from a diverted natural spring which gurgles out of a pipe outside, while the ‘natural’ fridge is a shallow well a few yards away from the front door and hidden from view by towering cow parsley.
Check that your professional installer calculates the correct height for you so that the installation meets all building regulation requirements. Most stove manufacturers produce one stove as small as this and Salamander Stoves specialise in small stoves for canal boats and garden buildings. But, it may make more sense to invest the money in insulation rather than in an expensive stove and a continuous supply of wood. You can add a stove to your house without planning permission, but not necessarily to an ancillary building. With an insulated liner installed, flue deposits should be much less than without one: but regular annual or semi-annual sweeping not only keeps the liner clean, but confirms that dangerous tarry deposits which might result in a chimney fire are not being formed.
For this reason, flue materials are never included in the basic price of the stove, but are supplied as necessary for each situation.


Approved Document J of the Building Regulations specifies the size of permanently open air supply that must be provided for the different types of fuel burning appliance. A modern wood burning stove is in fact very easy and quick to get going, and the best materials are freely available: balled-up sheets of yesterday’s newspaper, pieces of cardboard, and a few handfuls of dry kindling wood.
Wood with a high moisture content will be much more difficult to light: once alight, it will provide little useful heat because most of its latent energy is being used to drive off the moisture as steam, and the risk of cool moisture-laden flue gases condensing in the chimney are greatly increased.
From an aesthetic viewpoint, because molten iron is cast in moulds, it is the best material if a decorative finish is desired: steel plate cannot be moulded, but lends itself well to more modern stove designs with clean lines. Inset stoves are designed to be ‘built in’ using brick, stone, granite, marble or some similar non-combustible material to surround them, and they often incorporate internal air channels and heat exchangers to transfer heat back into the room by convection.
Some larger stoves can be fitted with much more powerful boilers, capable of heating six or more radiators as well as providing hot water.
Aids include “Heatabix”, magnetic stove thermometers, moisture meters for logs, 'Chemical Logs' to break down existing tar deposits so that they can more easily be removed by brushing, flue brushes and sweeping rods, etc.
The 300 sq ft of floor space features floorboards rescued from a skip, while an old windscreen from a lorry provided glass for the windows.With no central heating, you might think it would be a bit chilly, but he says the cob walls and thatched roof make it incredibly well insulated – and the ceiling is stuffed with sheep’s wool from a nearby farm to help keep the heat in further. But there isn’t a hobbit in sight – and the current tenant is a worker on a neighbouring dairy farm who pays for her lodgings in milk and cream.
If you live in a listed building or a conservation area you will definitely need planning permission.
It wouldn’t be unreasonable for someone to complain to environmental health if your wood smoke was continually blowing into their home.
For existing dwellings, no air vent is required for wood burning or multi-fuel  closed stoves with a rated output of 5kW or less.  For every additional kW, Building Regulations specify 550 mm2of permanent ventilation. Such condensates are potentially dangerous if they catch fire, and are very likely to produce tarry stains and smells if they seep through the chimney brickwork. Wood must be “seasoned” for at least one summer before being burnt -- and seasoning for two summers is preferable. So long as the fireplace recess is marginally larger than the dimensions of the stove firebox, such a stove can usually be built into an existing or specially prepared opening.Freestanding stoves, however, are designed to have air circulating all around them, and it is especially important that there is as much space above a stove as possible, with the ideal being something between 300mm and 450mm. It is even possible to “interlink” a woodstove into a conventional gas or oil-fired central heating system, although you should seek specialist advice before attempting this.When a boiler is fitted into a stove, the more powerful the boiler, the less direct radiant heat is emitted into the room. An amendment to the planning rules was introduced in October 2008, when the permitted development rights of householders were extended; in the majority of cases, twinwall flues can now be added to houses outside the National Park boundary without requiring planning consent, providing they do not face the road.
A common mistake made by many builders in the UK has been to install clay liners upside down, practically guaranteeing the leakage of creosote out of the chimney and into the fabric of the building.Before installing a stove into an existing unlined chimney, it should be inspected by a Competent Person to determine whether it is safe to use without a liner.
A new relaxation to the regulations allows the constructional hearth to be dispensed with and a minimum 12mm thickness of non-combustible material to be laid over a wooden floor, providing the temperature under the stove never exceeds 100 degrees C during normal operation.
However, for new build, the increased airtight construction required to satisfy Approved Document L means that an air vent is now required for all stoves, irrespective of output. However, an informed selection of the correct stove, heat-resistant materials, insulated fluepipe, stove placement and fireplace design, can often allow the inclusion of wooden beams and surrounds. To season wood properly, pieces which are too long need to be sawn to stove length and tree trunk ‘rounds’ need to be split. Clearview Stoves recommend that only Anthracite is used in their stoves, and burning any other solid fuel may void the manufacturer's warranty.
We live in a society where we spend our lives paying our mortgages, which many people don’t enjoy.’ Mr Buck originally aimed to build the house for nothing, but miscalculated the amount of straw needed so had to buy more.


Please ask for our advice and feel free to show us your plans before you build.The chimney can be of traditional brick or stone construction, preferably lined with pumice flue liners.
Older chimneys generally require lining and insulating, and the material used should be appropriate for the appliance being fitted. Where a suitable air vent is not already present, replacement combustion air can either be taken from the ventilated airspace below a suspended wooden floor via brass grilles, or one or more circular vents or conventional air bricks can be installed through a suitable outside wall. The wood then requires maximum exposure to sun and wind: the sunnier and draughtier the position of the woodpile, the better.
Some other modern stove designs include large masses of heat-retaining stones that provide a 'flywheel effect', spreading the output of heat over a long period of time in a similar fashion to an electric night-store heater. Where the space above the stove would have to be much less than 300mm, it would be better either to position it in front of the opening, or at least half in and half out (but always remembering the building regulation requirement for the minimum 300mm hearth extending in front of the stove). Generally speaking and for most lifestyles, it is advisable to have a conventional central heating system working in the background, with thermostatic radiator valves fitted.
It should be noted that generally speaking the smoke and fumes created by burning solid fuels are more corrosive to metal than wood smoke, assuming that the wood being burnt is dry and well seasoned, and providing the stove is being operated correctly and not turned down for long periods of time so that the wood just smoulders. It is for instance both dangerous and illegal to connect a light duty flexible gas liner to a solid fuel appliance. Some stove manufacturers make provision for air to be drawn from outside and fed directly into the combustion chamber of the stove, and for new build this is often the most appropriate method.
We stock an extensive range of aged wooden beams in our showroom, and have long experience in integrating them safely into your fireplace design.
The top should be covered to stop rain soaking down through the pile, and logs should be stacked with gaps to allow air movement.
The resulting tar-like condensate then runs down the non-porous surface and into your fireplace or stove, often accompanied by staining and an acrid stench emanating from the chimney.
The appropriate diameter liner should also be used, both to achieve the correct chimney draught, and to ensure that all the products of combustion are safely evacuated.The material most commonly used for retrospective lining is stainless steel. Storing unseasoned wood in the garage or in a closed shed is not recommended: it will not be able to dry out easily, and wet timber will just encourage rot and the growth of fungi. Mr Buck, a former art teacher, drew the plans for the house on the back of an envelope and did not need planning permission as it was classed as a summer house. However, the most frequently-used method for providing a new chimney is to use a top-quality prefabricated twin-wall insulated stainless steel system such as Chimaster MF.
This is available in two grades of stainless steel: 316 and 904L, the latter being more corrosion-resistant and suitable for use with approved solid fuels.
These chimneys can usually be installed either up through the inside of a building, or externally fixed to the outside wall.We can advise you on the most appropriate flue options for your installation. Any visible stainless steel is usually sprayed with high temperature paint to match the stove.



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