Bird nest house design malaysia, industrial woodworking machines for sale - PDF Review

Categories: Wood Shoe Rack Plans | Author: admin 12.07.2015

Bird’s nest colour is largely determined by the food the swiftlets eat and their environment and also oxidation. Real red bird’s nest got their colour naturally from the swiftlets saliva and definitely not because of blood in it.
Recently there are much talks on the possibility of lifting the ban on Malaysia Bird’s Nest export to China, which is their biggest export market.
The ban, since July 2011, has been due to a higher then normal nitrite level found in red bird’s nest, which has caused the Chinese government to ban the products from Malaysia.
Much has been done through dialogues and talks between the Malaysian government bodies and the Chinese government to resolve the issue. I was served a good combination of bird’s nest dessert with new year cake (literal translation from Mandarin), and black sesame in green tea roll. Can see that the bird’s nest are generously served which I really appreciate the renowned chef for coming out with such a great dessert for the restaurant’s customers! As bird’s nest has natural adhesive qualities, the strands are able to be held together and will firm up in its shape after it is left to dry. This is a follow-up to the bird’s nest farming that I blog about earlier on where merchants in the Southeast Asia tropical regions will build houses, specially designed for the swiftlets, to have them build nests in it.
According to legends,the great voyager, Zheng He, had been known to popularize the consumption of bird’s nest.
Many people will be curious about what happens to the eggs inside the bird’s nest if the nests are removed for consumption.
Knowing how to take good care of your Bird’s Nest, especially the dried ones that you have bought, is of utmost importance. I noticed that there is a growing interest on bird’s nest as it helps celebrities, socialites and consumers to maintain overall well-being and beauty.
Edible birds’ nest, which are moulded from the saliva of the aerodramus swiflets, forming white and black nests, are a highly prized culinary food product reputed to have health benefits. The historical backdrop of the birds’ nest commodity chain lies in the longue duree of economic relations between insular Southeast Asia and China.
Taking Sarawak as a local example, birds’ nest collection and trade is a case study where birds’ nest were significant to the 19th century Brooke raj as a source of taxable revenue, with trading in the hands of the Chinese, and the work of procuring the nests on cave cliffs the specialty of indigenous cave owners and collectors.
The most significant change which impacted on the commodity chain on the supply side has been the decline in birds’ nests due to relentless harvesting which does not allow the swiftlet population to reproduce itself sustainably. A fortuitous discovery that swiflets could build nests in buildings and houses in Java besides just in caves, led to enterprising traders turning man made structures into nesting havens for the swiftlets. Although the character of the industry has transformed from relying on house instead of cave nests, relationships and networks underpin the commodity chain linking Sarawak and the rest of Southeast Asia with the intermediary and end points of the commodity chain, be it Singapore, Hong Kong or China.
Winnie Hon, a wholesale birds’ nests trader in Hong Kong is a personal friend of Liu Thian Leong in Kuching with a longstanding trading relationship in the import and export of birds’ nests. The point to belabour here is that the networks, personal and built up over time, facilitate dealings across the region to ensure a steady and continuous supply of nests.
This brings me to my next point on the product chain, the political ramifications on the trade in birds’ nest. Farming swifts for their edible nests has developed strongly in Viet Nam since 2007, mostly in HCM City and other southern and central provinces, said Nguyen Duc Trong, deputy head of the Department of Livestock Production.
The draft decree stipulates conditions that cover the location, the use of sound to lure the birds, hygiene, disease control, as well as other aspects of exploitation. According to the draft decree, birdhouses that are built after the decree takes effect should comply with local zoning plans or obtain approval from local authorities. It also encourages the building of birdhouses far from residential areas, hospitals, schools and markets.
Many other participants agreed with Cui that conditions for the location of birdhouses should be mandatory. Delegates also agreed that those birdhouses that were built before having the decree must be upgraded to minimise negative health and environment impacts, and wanted the decree to stipulate clearly how the upgrade should be done and the time period in which it should be done. The draft decree stipulates that the sounds used to lure the birds should not exceed 70dBA between 6am and 9pm, and 55dBA in the hours thereafter. Many delegates disagreed with this provision, saying the condition should only apply to the hours between 9pm and 6am, and there was no need to regulate the sound during daytime. Do Tu Quan, general director of the Cuu Long Phi Joint Stock Company, said that to export the edible nests to foreign markets, the products must meet requirements set by importing countries, like having legal certificate for swifts breeding as well as certification that the nests from the farms are fit for consumption and have export permits. Deputy Minister Vu Van Tam said the ministry would work further on the decree to help enterprises meet requirements set by importing countries and facilitate exports of the edible nests. With its favourable weather, Viet Nam has good potential for farming swifts for their nests, according to Dang Pham Minh Loan, general director of theYen Viet Joint Stock Company. Currently, Thailand, Malaysia and Thailand are the world's biggest suppliers, accounting for 80-90 per cent of the world output.


Viet Nam is said to have about 700 enterprises and households engaged in breeding swifts in 1,500 birdhouses, producing around 10 tonnes of bird's nests a year. It is due to the food eaten and the minerals or natural environment that caused the bird’s nest to turn red.
Dragon brand will launch a dessert cafe concept this August which will offer a variety of bird’s nest and Hong Kong desserts prepared by a renowned chef. The main ingredients involved are wolf-berries, Golden Silk bird’s nest (Jin Si Yan) and Udon. Do this if you are able to have a chance to feel the texture of the bird’s nest with your bare hands. This is so as bird’s nest is of high value and I am sure you will want to protect your investment.
This is so as the moisture will prevent the bird’s nest from breaking apart easily and thus causing it to loss its attractiveness. Too much moisture will cause the bird’s nest to change colour, from white to purplish.
It has a unique egg like aroma that is typically present in all top graded Indonesia natural Bird’s Nest. The uniqueness of the appeal of the nests is its association with the dynastic past of China as a special food for rulers and the wealthy, an appeal which carries on to this day as an expensive and prestigious food product for the ethnic Chinese wherever they live.
Niah caves in Sarawak which is one of the main local sources of cave nests, has experienced a rapid decline in nests and swiflets over the years due to over and careless harvesting.
An industry based on swiftlet “ranching” in buildings sprang up in Java in the early 20th century, and spread to Peninsular Malaysia by the end of the century, and then to Sarawak. A ‘knowledge’ industry on how to attract swiftlets to build nests in buildings has developed, with trade secrets well guarded. When I visited Hon’s office in Sheung Wan, Hong Kong, the hub of birds’ nests trade, in March 2012, she informed me of her personal connections to swiftlet ranch farmers in Peninsular Malaysia and Indonesia, making regular trips to Southeast Asia to inspect swiftlet buildings and to meet her suppliers. A health scare erupted in China in 2011 over the contents of imported birds’ nests, said to contain unacceptable high levels of nitrite, with the nests alleged to be imported from Malaysia. What was brought to our attention during discussions was how and why Hong Kong came to this pinnacle position of being a world centre for birds’ nest trading. Swiftlets of Borneo, Builders of Edible Nests (Kota Kinabalu: Natural History Publications, 2002). The country is preparing a decree on farming edible bird's nests to provide a greater sense of security. As you can see, there are nests on the roof, which has many horizontal wooden structures, in order for the swiftlets to build nest comfortably. Add the star ingredient, Concentrated Bird’s Nest, and bird’s nest tarts are ready to serve. The nests are collected from cliffs in caves and man made structures in maritime and mainland Southeast Asia.
Chiang (2011) referred to references on the therapeutic value of birds’ nests in old Chinese medicinal texts for the Ming (1368-1644) and Qing (1644-1911) dynasties and linked the demand for the prized commodity with the social production of cave nests in Niah and Baram in Sarawak. The decline in cave nest supplies is matched by an ever increasing demand by consumers in Hong Kong and China where the nests, regarded as prestigious health food products, may be consumed daily by those who believe in their therapeutic value, are served in restaurants, or given away as expensive and high status gifts. With natural cave nests suffering from declining quantities due to over harvesting, the birds’ nest industry in Sarawak, and indeed in the rest of Malaysia and in neighbouring Indonesia is now reliant on buildings specially designed or converted from existing ones to entice swiftlets to build nests. The Loh family in Kuching, comprising Loh Siaw Kuei and his father is a two generation family trading in birds’ nest, who began with the collection and trade in cave nests and are now concentrating on, and even investing in the construction of buildings to accommodate swiftlets, with a processing factory to clean nests being planned. Hon is very much aware of the supply and market conditions in Indonesia and Malaysia such as the costs of “producing” the nests, the quality of the nests, and knows where to go for what she wants. The ethnic Chinese element in guanxi can be illustrated by this example in China street, Kuching, a heavily ethnic Teochew quarter where there are tradespeople dealing in traditional Chinese medicine (and birds’ nests).
The Chinese government took drastic measures to regulate the import of birds’ nests with new regulations and requirements on nitrite composition in nests.
But then we will proceed to the question of whether that is the best way to prepare the bird’s nest for consumption. The structures are built with some calculations so as to maximise the space on the roof in these houses. Basically, a nicely shaped bird’s nest commands a higher value especially if there are not much gaps in between the threads.
This is important as we do not want the bird’s nest to break into pieces when it is too dry or to turn mouldy within a short time with improper storage techniques. Therefore, the best place to store dried bird’s nest is in a fridge in an airtight container. If you notice, the red blood bird’s nest will get redder overtime (This is something interesting to observe)as it is exposed to the environment.


The process of collecting the nests in Southeast Asia for consumption in China and by the Chinese diaspora can be described as a commodity chain.
The tropical rainforest and littoral coast of Borneo and adjacent islands such as Java, and even on mainland Southeast Asia where the swiflets built their nests, were known for their natural emporium riches of birds’ nest and other products which attracted traders from China, India, the Middle East and Europe. The Lohs export the nests to Hong Kong and even had a family member, an uncle of Loh Siaw Kuei living there since the 1960s until his recent demise, who dealt with the import and trading of nests. Another wholesale trader, Hing Kee Java Edible Bird’s Nest company which has its own processing facilities has a network of and suppliers and exporters in Indonesia and Malaysia, including Sarawak. A hidden and not apparent part of the product chain is itinerant travellers, tourists and traders from China who come to Sarawak and elsewhere to buy nests in tourist or big commercial quantities. This caused a sharp drop in demand and prices as the nests were unable to meet the new requirements, and this created a crisis for the swiftlet ranching industry in Malaysia for entrepreneurs who had pinned their hopes on what was perceived to be a profitable business. Thinking that the bird’s nests might be a good source of food, the members of the crew were ordered to retrieve them. The process of the birds’ nest commodity chain, when approached with Wallerstein’s suggestion of not “looking too narrowly”, is extensive. Birds’ nest were a suitable low volume and high value product collected and transported from the caves of maritime Southeast Asia across the seas to China, fitting the bill of exotic tropical emporium riches for the China market. Teochew from Shantou (Swatow) will make a beeline for China and adjacent Carpenter streets in Kuching where Teochew are found, to look for nests to buy.
Over a period of months, there was high level government intervention from Malaysia, with visits by government ministers and senior officials to China to sort out these issues.
Research into the birds’ nest commodity chain requires a multi-pronged approach at different linkages which make up the chain. Whether the swiftlets will build their nest within the houses depends largely on the owner’s good fortune and experience.
You will be able to get a nicely expanded bird’s nest when it is soaked in water for about an hour and guarantee to give you an enjoyable experience. This commodity chain continues to the present with Hong Kong as the world centre for trade in birds’ nests for internal consumption, and exporting to China and the ethnic Chinese diaspora such as in north America.
Before the outbreak of the second world war, Loh Siaw Kuei’s father established a shop at Main Bazaar, Kuching dealing with jungle produce such as damar, gutta percha and cave nests.
According to my informants in Kuching, the Chinese visitors buy nests by the bagfuls amounting to many kilos. When our research team members comprising Noboru Ishikawa, Ryoji Soda, Tetsu Ichikawa and myself were in Hong Kong in March 2012 to talk to birds’ nests traders, we experienced at first hand the fall-out from these trade concerns between China and Malaysia.
The reason, mainly, is because to avoid direct heat on the bird’s nest to prevent the nutrients and minerals to be lost in the process. This is a common misunderstanding), is crunchy and slightly more expensive than the other two types of bird’s nest.
Besides, birds’ nest are a commodity chain which is ecologically grounded as procurement depends on the “production” of nests by swiflets in suitable habitats, and this ecological factor is mediated by the actions of human actors in collecting and trading in the product, which is in turn stimulated by demand. As the cleaning and processing costs of birds’ nests are cheaper in Kalimantan, nests are over sent from Sarawak for this labour intensive work. Teo Teo Khoon runs a traditional Chinese medicine shop in China street, Kuching and although stocking limited birds’ nests for retail sale, is not a full fledged birds’ nest trader.
In our discussions with the Hong Kong traders, they were quick to distance themselves from nests originating from Malaysia, and everyone we talked to, said that they only imported nests from Indonesia. Bird’s nest were then brought back to China and impressed by the miraculous effects, the Imperial doctor termed them as health-bestowing gift and ranked bird’s nest above ginseng, shark’s fin, and abalone.
Golden silk bird’s nest is golden yellow in colour and has a mild egg-white aroma and is popular with the ladies.
There are others too like Liu Thian Leong, a trader and property developer in Kuching, who switched from cave to house nests by constructing buildings as swiftlet farms.
But when Teo is approached by Chinese visitors looking for birds’ nests, as an enterprising trader, he will source for the nests through his network of contacts. The Chinese government has attempted to stem this kind of trading by disallowing Chinese travellers going overseas from bringing back commercial quantities of birds’ nests. Previously when there were bird flu outbreaks in Indonesia and nest exports to China were stopped from the former, the industry in Indonesia suffered.



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