What to eat during second trimester of pregnancy

There's still no increase in energy (calorie) requirements this trimester, so you don't need to eat extra calories! Throughout pregnancy, vitamin D supplements are required to ensure you meet your increased requirements. Despite there being no additional calorie needs, you will likely gain just over half of your pregnancy weight this trimester. You don't need to take folic acid after week 12 if you'd prefer not to, but many women continue taking it in the form of pregnancy multivitamins or Healthy Start Vitamins. Vitamin D is found in pregnancy multi-vitamin supplements and Healthy Start Vitamins, or you may decide to take a single supplement containing vitamin D.

Constipation is common in pregnancy, caused by the pregnancy hormone progesterone slowing down the passage of food through the bowels. Tender, swollen gums is common pregnancy, due to the hormonal changes sending more blood to your gums. Eating a good variety of protein-rich foods twice a day will help you meet your increased protein needs. During pregnancy, you become more efficient at absorbing the nutrients you need from your diet, meaning you can gain weight without the need to eat too much more. You do however, still need to take vitamin D supplements (10 micrograms per day) throughout your pregnancy.

The second trimester (spanning weeks 13 – 26) is all about the growth or your baby and your bump. Even if you're pregnant during the summer months, you may not get enough vitamin D simply through the action of sunlight on skin and by eating foods containing vitamin D (e.g. Your baby grows from the size of a peach to the size of a 35 cm long baby by the end of the second trimester!

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