Week 31 pregnancy baby position

Reaching the 31st week means you have now completed the first month of your third trimester and are entering the eighth month of your pregnancy. These final weeks are vital for the fetal brain development with trillions of neuron connections forming, enabling your baby to use all the five senses [5].
With the growing fat layer taking over the job of keeping your baby warm in the womb, he is now shedding the lanugo hair (the downy hair keeping your baby warm until now); but, you might notice traces of it on his back and shoulders at birth [4].
The last stage of gestation is also crucial for the immune system development, preparing your baby for the outside world. The 31st week is a milestone for reproductive development as this is the week when the testicles move into the scrotum through the groin. The relatively mature senses of vision and hearing, along with the developed neck and shoulder, allow your baby to turn his head in response to sound and light [10]. Your baby’s increasing size is gradually limiting the space inside the uterus so he might not be able to kick and punch as much as he was until last week [11]. In many cases, the baby settles in the birth position (head-down) by the 31st week; however, it is also normal for babies to be in a breech (feet-down) or transverse (lying sideways) position as there is still time for them to rotate into a proper position [13].
The growth rate slows down a bit in twin pregnancies at this stage as the babies are now competing for nutrients to gain a healthy amount of weight before they are born [19] Although, they are as big as a baby in any singleton pregnancy at week 31. 31st week routine prenatal check up will include measuring your blood pressure to assess the risks of high BP and preeclampsia. An ultrasound scan performed this week will show your baby moving his hands and feet and turning his head while also making different facial expressions. It is completely normal to have new and different symptoms in your second pregnancy as no two pregnancies are the same, even when they are your own. Your baby's organs are continuing to mature and he is passing water from his bladder, which is good practice for the weeing he'll do after he's born.
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Your baby weighs about 3 ? pounds and measures just over 11 inches (28 cm) from her crown to her rump. The eyes can see, blink and move now, but baby's true eye color won't show up for several months because she needs natural light to complete the development process.

Some women will notice a few drops of clear or yellowish liquid coming from their nipples these days, which is the super-nutritious colostrum that will be your baby's first meal in the outside world. If you're beginning to put the nursery together, protect baby and mom-to-be by painting the walls yourself. Although you may identify tingling and numbness with poor circulation, in pregnancy it's more often due to pressure on your sciatic nerve. While sciatica won't harm you or your baby, it certainly can interfere with your daily routine. After the 30th week, your baby’s odds of surviving without any long-term complications are rising considerably every week [1]. The kidneys and urinary tract are mature, with your baby passing about 2 cups of urine every day.
Brain scans performed around week 31 shows separate sleep cycles, indicating that your baby might already be dreaming about you [6]. You have probably gained around 3 to 4 pounds already in your third trimester, with the ideal range of weight gain being about a pound per week as your baby hits another growth spurt before birth [20]. On a 3d ultrasound you can see your baby looking almost like how he is going to look at birth.
And the pains you are experiencing are more likely to occur in the later stages of a consequent pregnancy as your muscles and ligaments do not have the same elasticity they had when you were carrying your first child.
Gaining 450g a week is quite normal during the last trimester as your baby has a final growth spurt before he arrives in the world. Although she's all curled up in her amniotic home, an ultrasound technician can often tell just how long your 31 week fetus measures from head to heel (she's probably hovering around 16 inches by now). However, the light that does filter through the walls of your uterus will cause baby's pupils to dilate now, and she's beginning to close her eyes for sleep and keep them open during her waking hours. Since your growing breasts will probably force you to purchase a new bra or two in your third trimester, you might as well invest in a few nursing bras instead of the less specialized maternity bras for the final stages of pregnancy and beyond. Up to 30% of pregnant women will experience this condition in their second trimester, third trimester or after their delivery.
Sciatica is the name given to this painful and uncomfortable sensation, and it may come on stronger as your growing baby, heavy uterus and nimble joints press harder on the nerves in your back during your third trimester.

If you've fallen down or bumped into anything lately, rest assured that your baby hardly noticed. He would have around 95% chances of survival without any physical or mental anomalies if you were to give birth this week [2]. This doesn't mean that they should slow down, but you may notice that the type of movements your baby makes change. Intrauterine growth of live-born Caucasian infants at sea level: Standards obtained from measurements in 7 dimensions of infants born between 25 and 44 weeks of gestation.
If your baby's position in your uterus is responsible for your sharp pains or dull aches, try shifting you body or prodding your belly to urge your baby to move. In fact, your baby's sleep patterns are becoming more regular, and if her active time happens to be your bedtime, she may be contributing to your insomnia.
By now, your breasts have developed the tissue and the reservoirs that they'll need to produce milk and deliver it to your baby. Though your little one won't be crawling right away, you should clear the room of obstacles and precariously positioned objects so that your baby is never in danger of injury. By now, there's nearly a quart of amniotic fluid surrounding the fetus and protecting her from sudden jerks or bumps, and that amount will continue to increase until week 34 or so before it begins to decrease. If you notice painless or slightly painful squeezing sensations, it's probably not your baby, but rather your uterus that's testing the boundaries of your body. At this point, baby's lungs may be mature enough to let her breathe on her own outside the womb, but it will do her a world of good to sit tight for a few more weeks.
There are also things you can do on your own to treat the pain, like alternating your positions more frequently and spending some time in a swimming pool to alleviate the weight of your uterus on your organs and nerves.
Braxton Hicks contractions are very common at 31 weeks, and although they can be startling, they don't necessarily mean that labor is right around the corner.

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