14.05.2014

Teen pregnancy facts in houston

Slide 1 (Every Day in America 10,000 teens catch an STD): Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Of course, neither Smith nor anyone else was asking the governor to "forget about abstinence," but the truth, say advocates for adolescent health, including doctors and educators, is that teaching "abstinence only" has not worked to reduce the high rates of teen pregnancy and births in Texas despite the tens of millions in funding the state has thrown at it during the last decade. Teen Birthrate Statewide: Maps indicate by shading the geographic ranking of teen birthrates statewide. Unfortunately, it appears that abstinence-only education in Texas has been successful in at least one regard: making teens less knowledgeable about basic health, sexuality, and their own bodies. Of course, personal empowerment is not among Texas' goals in educating teens about their bodies and sexual health. Moreover, last month congressional Republicans released their draft Labor, Health and Human Services, and Education budget, slashing funding for the new abstinence-plus Teen Pregnancy Prevention Initiative grants by $85 million – leaving just $20 million for the year, while simultaneously reviving the shelved abstinence-only education grants, funded with an equal pot of $20 million. The SHACs weren't always so engaged – in fact, in their 2009 report, Wiley and Wilson found that many SHACs across the state had not met in years.
The move to abstinence-only sex education began in the mid-1990s during the Clinton administration, when federal lawmakers authorized millions in funds to be spent supporting a sex education curriculum stressing that teens should simply abstain from any sexual activity either until they're adults or married – and preferably both. In their first year, the newly created Teen Pregnancy Prevention Initiative and the Personal Responsibility Education Program grants were funded with $155 million.


The Texas teen pregnancy rank has dipped slightly – from the third-place spot Smith referenced to No.
Forty percent contained misinformation about condoms, including in one the false assertion that HIV passes through latex; curriculum used by Austin LifeGuard, an arm of the local crisis pregnancy center Austin LifeCare, teaches incorrectly that there is "virtually no evidence" that condoms reduce the risk of human papillomavirus infection, which is linked to cervical and throat cancers. Celia Neavel, director of the Center for Adolescent Health at Austin's People's Community Clinic, sees a lot of teens – some pregnant, who are served through the clinic's obstetrics program, and some she's trying to keep from getting pregnant. Within five years after the birth of their first child, almost one-half of all teen mothers and over three-quarters of unmarried teen mothers began receiving WELFARE . 5 – but the teen birth rate and repeat teen birth rate stand solidly at third highest and second highest in the country, respectively. Over the last year, 681 teens have been served through the clinic's Center for Adolescent Health, and 181 have accessed the clinic's prenatal services. TRL claims this as a success that took money from the "abortion industry" – that is, Planned Parenthood, in fact a major Texas provider of women's health care.
Despite the generally dismal performance of the state's abstinence-only education, lawmakers, including Perry, continue to insist it is the best way to keep teens smart and safe. Moreover, he said, the overarching issue was that the education requirements of PREP appeared to "go beyond what the Texas Legislature" has authorized for sex education – that is, beyond an abstinence-centered approach to include "evidence-based teen pregnancy prevention strategies," according to the federal PREP requirements, as well as incorporation of other "adult responsibility topics" such as maintaining healthy relationships and improving communication with parents.


With similar demographics and population size, Texas and California in 1990 had very similar teen birthrates, with Texas at 75 per 1,000 and California with 71. Teenage Pregnancies, Births and Abortions: National and State Trends and Trends by Race and Ethnicity. As a result, by 2009, 94% of Texas public schools were teaching abstinence as the only certain way to avoid pregnancy and sexually transmitted infections, as Texas State University professor David Wiley and assistant professor Kelly Wilson reported that year in a study for the Texas Freedom Network. The researchers have created their own evidence-based sex education program that does, in fact, work – not only to delay sexual initiation but also, among teens who are already sexually active, to increase the use of contraceptives and reduce the number of teens' sexual partners. 5 isn't because the Texas teen pregnancy rate has decreased; it's because the rates in other states have actually increased even more dramatically than Texas'. That's particularly daunting for clinicians who are trying to keep teens from getting pregnant, especially those who have already given birth.



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