23.10.2015

Stages of pregnancy from inception

Pregnancy can be different from woman to woman, and even for the same mother from one pregnancy to the next. The stages of pregnancy are typically described in three-month periods known as trimesters.
At fertilization, the sex of the fetus is already determined, depending on whether the egg receives an X or Y chromosome from a sperm cell. A woman will experience a lot of symptoms during her first trimester as she adjusts to the hormonal changes of pregnancy, which affect nearly every organ in her body. Human chorionic gonadotrophin (hCG) is a hormone that will be present in a woman's blood from the time conception occurs. Early in pregnancy, a woman's breasts will feel more tender and swollen, another side effect of rising pregnancy hormone levels.
In addition, a pregnant woman's heart will be working even harder, increasing the volume of blood it pumps to supply the uterus with the additional blood it needs to supply the fetus and elevating her pulse rate. Besides the physical changes in a woman's body, she will also experience emotional highs and lows in the early months of her pregnancy and throughout it.
After the eighth week of pregnancy and until birth occurs, a developing baby is called a fetus. During the third month of pregnancy, bones and muscles begin to grow, buds for future teeth appear, and fingers and toes grow. By the second trimester, some of the unpleasant effects of early pregnancy may lessen or disappear as the body adjusts to its changing hormone levels. Somewhere between the 16th and 18th week of pregnancy a first-time mother may feel the first fluttering movements of the fetus known as quickening, Burch said.
By the fourth month of pregnancy, eyebrows, eyelashes, fingernails and the neck all form, and the skin has a wrinkled appearance. In the fifth month of pregnancy, the fetus is more active and a woman may be able to feel its movements. By the sixth month of pregnancy, hair begins to grow, the eyes begin to open and the brain is rapidly developing. By the seventh month of pregnancy, the fetus kicks and stretches, and can even respond to light and sound, like music, Burch said.


The ninth month is the home stretch of pregnancy and the fetus is getting ready for birth by turning into a head-down position in a woman's pelvis. Some pregnancy symptoms last for several weeks or months, while other discomforts are temporary or don't affect every woman who is expecting. Once the embryo is implanted, the cells start to grow eventually becoming the fetus and the placenta, which is tissue that can transport oxygen, nutrients and hormones from the mother's blood to the developing fetus throughout pregnancy. The pregnancy may not be showing much on the outside of her body, but inside many changes are taking place. Around the second month of pregnancy, the embryo has grown to the size of a kidney bean, he explained. A slightly-experienced person in pregnancy can easily connect nausea and morning sickness as the early symptoms. Well, these are not all, there is much more to know about the onset of pregnancy and changes that happen hence forth. Chemical signals are sent to various parts of the body and the pregnancy symptoms come to the surface. It is okay to do a pregnancy test at home using a test kit available in the pharmaceutical store, but it is always advisable to visit your doctor and confirm your pregnancy.
Make sure the symptoms you are having are not false alarms!The diagnosis of pregnancy requires a multifaceted approach. Many women have vaginal bleeding during the first week of pregnancy making diagnosis really tough. Since the chances of miscarriage and ectopic pregnancy are high, the diagnosis should be done thoroughly and carefully.
Nowadays chemical assays and ultrasonography helps to detect pregnancy even before the symptoms like nausea starts.b. Urine devices are often used to detect hyper glycosylated HCG, which is a key molecule in early pregnancy. Though the level of dimeric HCG is higher in post-menopausal women, it is below the sensitivity mark of the most sensitive clinical assays used to monitor pregnancy. 5% HCG can be detected in women eight days after conception and about 98% on the eleventh day.The levels of HCG also determine whether the woman has ectopic pregnancy.


If the rise and decline of HCG values in women is slow for those who had ectopic pregnancy or had spontaneous abortion.
If the HCG levels are very high there are chances that the woman has molar pregnancy, chromosome abnormality and multiple gestations.
Measuring Serum Progesterone is important to detect chances of any early abnormal pregnancy. A dipstick ELISA is effective in determining the level of progesteroneEarly Pregnancy Factor is an immunosuppressive protein that has been isolated just after conception and it helps to indicate fertilization. Ultrasonography:The discovery of transvaginal ultrasonography (TVUS) has made pregnancy detection even easier and effective.
It is the best method to detect intrauterine pregnancy and gestational age that usually happens during the first trimester. Placenta is a round flat organ that helps to transfer nutrients from mother to child, and it also transfers waste from the baby.The face of fetus gradually takes shape with large dark circles for eyes.
If you think you are pregnant and the ultrasonography scan shows different results then you may feel upset. It is better to take folic acid supplements from the time you start planning for pregnancy and till the time you conceive. If not, then you have to talk to your relatives and friends and find out someone who is really experienced about delivering babies and pregnancy care.
You really need to be in good hands to avoid all pregnancy complications!Make A Prenatal Appointment:You need to be well above in the list of caregivers since appointments fill up really fast. Make a medicine checklist and then cross out those which you are not supposed to have during pregnancy. After all pregnancy brings some happiness along with pain, it creates some cherished memories.
Avoid Coffee:Caffeine is thought to pose certain health risks that may be harmful for your baby- try and avoid taking coffee from the first month itself.



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Comments to «Stages of pregnancy from inception»

  1. dagi writes:
    Useful for pregnant ladies are human chorionic gonadotropin provera ??- I was on the shot.
  2. VIP writes:
    Assist from specialists for treatment.