Stages of pregnancy dogs

Vet can palpate (feel) and possibly detect pregnancy  between days 27 and 31(after day 32, fluids increase to protect pups and making palpating not possible). At this stage the embryos are most susceptible to defects and it is said that eating a toxic substance at this stage can cause eyes to not form properly, or cause cleft palate. I like to start a vet-recommended multivitamin at this stage, but do not give calcium pills. At this time the fetuses begin to look like dogs; their toes, whiskers and claws all are developing.
Although this section is based on a whelping of an English Mastiff, it also contains good general whelping information on large-breed dogs. According to Doctors Foster and Smith, it may be difficult to tell if your dog is pregnant during the first few weeks of gestation, but there are a few changes to watch for. If your dog does lose her appetite during the early weeks of pregnancy, don't try to force her to eat. Some dogs experience a marked increase in their appetite almost immediately on becoming pregnant. If your female is normally energetic, a sudden decrease in activity might be another indication that your bitch is pregnant.
Nipple development is a very good indicator that your dog's body is going through pregnancy changes.

Take her to the vet for an initial pregnancy exam to make sure her symptoms are related to an illness.
It takes a keen eye to spot pregnancy in the earliest stages, but the signs become more obvious as the weeks wear on. Calcium during the pushing stage of labor will make the muscles contract at that specific moment. If you did not worm her prior to mating (which is standard), then get a mild wormer that is made for pregnant dams. Not all females go through this doggie version of "morning sickness," but a small percentage of dogs will eat less during the first few weeks of gestation and will usually make up for it later in the pregnancy. Just like some women, dogs may also experience feelings of exhaustion as their hormone levels change to support a growing embryo.
If you didn't witness a breeding and only suspect your dog might be pregnant, you'll want to have your vet check give her a pregnancy check. Try to learn everything you can about canine gestation and other pregnancy symptoms, so you can understand what's happening inside your dog's body.
The vet will want to do a blood test to confirm the dog is actually pregnant, or try palpating the uterus to see if there are any embryos present, and then discuss the options if she is. The vet will take a number of things into consideration before making a recommendation, including the dog's overall health and just how far along the pregnancy might be.

No matter what the circumstances, knowing the earliest signs of pregnancy can help you determine if conception has taken place.
Once a pregnancy is in progress, breast material will develop beneath the nipples, which will also increase slightly in preparation for eventual milk production.
Once pregnancy changes set in, the nipples become more pink and will look a little flushed due to the increased blood flow to the area.
Other dogs will become a little grumpy and prefer to remain by themselves unless they actively seek their owner's company.
However, after about a month into the pregnancy, your dog will have an increased appetite and weight gain. The puppy embryos will measure about the size of a walnut after about a month of pregnancy.

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