Pregnancy facts for dogs

For each puppy that your dog delivers, there could be one less home available for a shelter dog. Most experts advise against vaccinating pregnant dogs, so vaccines should be given ahead of time. Do not give any over-the-counter medications, treatments, or supplements to your dog without asking your veterinarian whether they are safe during pregnancy. If your dog is on long-term medications for a chronic disease, talk to your veterinarian immediately to determine if you should continue or stop the medications. Feed a normal amount of high-quality commercial dog food for the first 4 weeks of pregnancy.
Increase the amount that you feed your dog by another 25% for the end of her pregnancy, during the 8th and 9th week.
Choose an appropriate time of day for the weather in your neighborhood (ie, early morning during the summer or mid-afternoon in the winter). If your dog jogged regularly before getting pregnant, she can continue to do so for the first 4-6 weeks of pregnancy. Keep your dog away from other dogs during the last 3 weeks of pregnancy and for the first 3 weeks after she gives birth. The whelping box needs to be large enough to allow your dog to fully stretch out and still leave room for all of the puppies.

Smaller breeds of dogs typically have smaller litter sizes, while larger breeds typically have more puppies.
This version of How to Care for a Pregnant Dog was reviewed by Pippa Elliott, MRCVS on July 11, 2015. Meet Lojjik, a college student and wikiHow Admin and Booster, who has been active in the community for over 8 years. Thorough care throughout gestation, which can be from 55 to 72 days, as well as proper preparation for delivery are key. There is a dog overpopulation problem in the United States, meaning that there are more dogs than there are homes for them. Your veterinarian can help you verify the pregnancy, determine the due date, discuss any medication changes, and even estimate the number of expected puppies. Fenbendazole is typically considered safe for pregnant dogs and can treat worms that can be passed from a dog to her puppies. Talk to your veterinarian about vaccinations if your dog is pregnant and is overdue on vaccines.
This means that you should avoid taking her to the dog park or on routes in your neighborhood that are heavily populated with dogs. Your dog may become aggressive towards other dogs if she feels that they are threatening her puppies.

Large breed dogs have an average of 8-12 puppies in one litter, while toy breeds may only have 1-4 puppies. Puppies typically stay with their mother for 8 weeks after birth, longer if you have trouble finding them a home.
If you are expecting 6 puppies but only 4 are born, you will know to take your dog in for emergency medical care. For instance, veterinarians typically recommend that you keep your dog on their monthly heartworm preventatives, but talk to your veterinarian to be certain. It is best to be prepared for an emergency, just in case your dog is giving birth in the evening and she has serious complications. For example, if your dog ate 2 cups of food twice daily before she was pregnant, she will need 6 cups of food per day by the end of her pregnancy.

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